Dauphin County, PA

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Population

277,097

0.503% growth

Median Age

40


Median Household Income

$57,814

6.18% decline

Poverty Rate

13.2%


Number of Employees

140,565

0.897% growth

Median Property Value

$171,000

1.5% decline

About

In 2018, Dauphin County, PA had a population of 277k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $57,814. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Dauphin County, PA grew from 275,710 to 277,097, a 0.503% increase and its median household income declined from $61,622 to $57,814, a -6.18% decrease.

The population of Dauphin County, PA is 64.9% White Alone, 18.5% Black or African American Alone, and 9.64% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Dauphin County, PA speak a non-English language, and 97% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dauphin County, PA are Harrisburg Area Community College (2,027 degrees awarded in 2017), Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg (1,064 degrees), and Harrisburg University of Science and Technology (405 degrees).

The median property value in Dauphin County, PA is $171,000, and the homeownership rate is 62.2%. Most people in Dauphin County, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Dauphin County, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Market Street Bridge, Harrisburg, PA

Economy

The economy of Dauphin County, PA employs 141k people. The largest industries in Dauphin County, PA are Health Care & Social Assistance (23,322 people), Retail Trade (17,372 people), and Manufacturing (12,845 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($59,000), Information ($58,718), and Utilities ($52,923).

Median household income in Dauphin County, PA is $57,814. Males in Dauphin County, PA have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,119. The income inequality in Dauphin County, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$57,814

2018 value

± $3,342

-6.18%

1 Year Growth

± 7.1%

Households in Dauphin County, PA have a median annual income of $57,814, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $61,622 in 2017, which represents a -6.18% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Dauphin County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$69,779

Average Male Salary

± $1,106

$52,119

Average Female Salary

± $786

In 2018, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $67,044 ± $4,236

  2. White

    $54,569 ± $688

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $45,677 ± $16,041

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.23 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dauphin County, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2018 Wage GINI

0.472

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.472% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 225.01

  2. Census Tract 226.04

  3. Census Tract 224.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dauphin County, PA was Census Tract 225.01 with a value of $97,723, followed by Census Tract 226.04 and Census Tract 224.01, with respective values of $95,455 and $91,750.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Dauphin County, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dauphin County, PA (35.5k out of 269k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    17,250 ± 1,034

  2. Black

    12,776 ± 1,100

  3. Hispanic

    7,203 ± 842

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dauphin County, PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

141k

2018 Value

± 6,155

0.897%

1 Year growth

± 6.12%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dauphin County, PA grew at a rate of 0.897%, from 139k employees to 141k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dauphin County, PA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,854 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,660 people), and Management Occupations (11,687 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dauphin County, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Dauphin County, PA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,854 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,660 people), and Management Occupations (11,687 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dauphin County, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (2 times higher than expected), Community & Social Service Occupations (1.69 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.44 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Dauphin County, PA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($85,796), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($74,063), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,789).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

141k

2018 Value

± 6,155

0.897%

1 Year growth

± 6.12%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Dauphin County, PA grew at a rate of 0.897%, from 139k employees to 141k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dauphin County, PA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (23,322 people), Retail Trade (17,372 people), and Manufacturing (12,845 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dauphin County, PA, though some of these residents may live in Dauphin County, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Dauphin County, PA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (23,322 people), Retail Trade (17,372 people), and Manufacturing (12,845 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Dauphin County, PA has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.79 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.33 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.2 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Dauphin County, PA, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($59,000), Information ($58,718), and Utilities ($52,923).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.6% of the population of Dauphin County, PA has health coverage, with 53.2% on employee plans, 16.9% on Medicaid, 12% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 1.16% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Dauphin County, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Dauphin County, PA see 965 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.98% decrease from the previous year (1005 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1382 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 504 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

965 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Dauphin County, PA see an average of 965 patients per year. This represents a 3.98% decrease from the previous year (1,005 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Dauphin County, PA in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.43%

Uninsured

53.2%

Employer Coverage

16.9%

Medicaid

12%

Medicare

11.3%

Non-Group

1.16%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dauphin County, PA grew by 11.5% from 4.87% to 5.43%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dauphin County, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Dauphin County, PA is home to a population of 277k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.42% of Dauphin County, PA residents were born outside of the country (20.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Dauphin County, PA is composed of 180k White Alone residents (64.9%), 51.4k Black or African American Alone residents (18.5%), 26.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (9.64%), 12.5k Asian Alone residents (4.51%), 5.87k Two or More Races residents (2.12%), 421 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.152%), 292 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.105%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.1

In 2018, the median age of all people in Dauphin County, PA was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Dauphin County, PA are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Dauphin County, PA residents was 40.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.42%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.4k people

7.15%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.6k people

As of 2017, 7.42% of Dauphin County, PA residents (20.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dauphin County, PA was 7.15%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dauphin County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    94,480 ± 7,519 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    85,267 ± 7,145 people

  3. China

    68,580 ± 6,412 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 94,480 Pennsylvania residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 85,267 and China with 68,580.

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Citizenship

97%

2018 Citizenship

96.6%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97% of Dauphin County, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Dauphin County, PA was 96.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dauphin County, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    180k ± 500

  2. Black or African American Alone

    51.4k ± 1.33k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    26.7k ± 4.32k

In 2018, there were 3.5 times more White Alone residents (180k people) in Dauphin County, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 51.4k Black or African American Alone and 26.7k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Dauphin County, PA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,832 ± 882

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,564 ± 968

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    3,272 ± 1,009

Dauphin County, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.36 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Dauphin County, PA awarded 3,922 degrees. The student population of Dauphin County, PA is skewed towards women, with 12,583 male students and 16,442 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dauphin County, PA are White (2,472 and 72.5%), followed by Black or African American (283 and 8.3%), Hispanic or Latino (259 and 7.6%), and Asian (186 and 5.45%).

The largest universities in Dauphin County, PA by number of degrees awarded are Harrisburg Area Community College (2,027 and 51.7%), Pennsylvania State University-Penn State Harrisburg (1,064 and 27.1%), and Harrisburg University of Science and Technology (405 and 10.3%).

The most popular majors in Dauphin County, PA are Registered Nursing (328 and 8.36%), Computer & Computer Systems Technology (270 and 6.88%), and General Business Administration & Management (237 and 6.04%).

The median tuition costs in Dauphin County, PA are $23,900 for private four year colleges, and $14,214 and $22,716 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 219 degrees awarded

  2. 192 degrees awarded

  3. 312 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dauphin County, PA was General Studies with 219 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dauphin County, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,027 degrees awarded

  2. 1,064 degrees awarded

  3. 405 degrees awarded

$14,214

Median In-State Public

$23,900

Median Private

In 2017, the Dauphin County, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Harrisburg Area Community College with 2,027 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,718

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,204

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,718 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dauphin County, PA, which is 0.779 times less than the 2,204 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Dauphin County, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,472 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    283 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    259 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Dauphin County, PA were to White students. These 2,472 degrees mean that there were 8.73 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 283 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dauphin County, PA was $171,000 in 2018, which is 0.744 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $173,600 to $171,000, a 1.5% decrease. The homeownership rate in Dauphin County, PA is 62.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Dauphin County, PA have an average commute time of 21.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Dauphin County, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$171,000

2018 Median

± $4,474

$173,600

2017 Median

± $4,057

In 2018, the median property value in Dauphin County, PA declined from to $171,000 from the previous year's value of $173,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Dauphin County, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dauphin County, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$57,814

Median Household Income

± $3,342

113k

Number of Households

± 5,082

In 2018, the median household income of the 113k households in Dauphin County, PA declined from $57,814 from the previous year's value of $61,622.

The following chart displays the households in Dauphin County, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Dauphin County, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dauphin County, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

62.2%

2018 Homeownership

64.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 62.2% of the housing units in Dauphin County, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Dauphin County, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dauphin County, PA have a shorter commute time (21.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.23% of the workforce in Dauphin County, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dauphin County, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.4%

  2. Carpooled

    7.45%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.09%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Dauphin County, PA was Drove Alone (79.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.45%) and those who Worked At Home (4.09%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dauphin County, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dauphin County, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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