Connecticut

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Population

3.57M

0.433% decline

Poverty Rate

10.1%


Median Age

41.1


Median Household Income

$76,348

2.94% growth

Number of Employees

1.73M

1.41% growth

Median Property Value

$277,400

1.57% growth

About

In 2018, Connecticut had a population of 3.57M people with a median age of 41.1 and a median household income of $76,348. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Connecticut declined from 3.59M to 3.57M, a -0.433% decrease and its median household income grew from $74,168 to $76,348, a 2.94% increase.

The population of Connecticut is 66.3% White Alone, 16.5% Hispanic or Latino, and 10% Black or African American Alone. 22.1% of the people in Connecticut speak a non-English language, and 93.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Connecticut are University of Connecticut (8,997 degrees awarded in 2017), Yale University (4,552 degrees), and Quinnipiac University (2,821 degrees).

The median property value in Connecticut is $277,400, and the homeownership rate is 65.8%. Most people in Connecticut commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Connecticut is 2 cars per household.

Connecticut borders Massachusetts, New York, and Rhode Island.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Connecticut compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Connecticut (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Connecticut across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Connecticut employs 1.73M people. The largest industries in Connecticut are Elementary & secondary schools (118,926 people), Restaurants & Food Services (96,255 people), and Construction (86,806 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($228,561), Nondepository credit & related activities ($204,751), and Sugar & confectionery products ($156,912).

Median household income in Connecticut is $76,348. Males in Connecticut have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $65,608. The income inequality in Connecticut (measured using the Gini index) is 0.505, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$76,348

2018 value

± $921

2.94%

1 Year Growth

± 2.12%

Households in Connecticut have a median annual income of $76,348, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $74,168 in 2017, which represents a 2.94% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Connecticut compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$91,981

Average Male Salary

± $3,190

$65,608

Average Female Salary

± $1,917

In 2018, full-time male employees in Connecticut made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $184,931 ± $262,796

  2. Asian

    $86,800 ± $8,796

  3. White

    $71,973 ± $1,999

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Connecticut workers was Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. These workers were paid 2.13 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Connecticut by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.505

2018 Wage GINI

0.498

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.505 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.31% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Connecticut was Tolland County, CT with a value of $91,646, followed by Fairfield County, CT and Middlesex County, CT, with respective values of $91,079 and $89,131.

The following map shows all of the counties in Connecticut colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Connecticut (351k out of 3.49M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    205,283 ± 3,457

  2. Hispanic

    123,584 ± 2,611

  3. Black

    66,875 ± 1,990

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Connecticut is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

1.73M

2018 Value

1.41%

1 Year growth

± 1.41%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Connecticut grew at a rate of 1.41%, from 1.71M employees to 1.73M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Connecticut, are Other managers (51,060 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (47,724 people), and Registered nurses (36,754 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Connecticut.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Connecticut, by number of employees, are Other managers (51,060 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (47,724 people), and Registered nurses (36,754 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Connecticut has an unusually high number of residents working as Marine engineers & naval architects (8.67 times higher than expected), Aerospace engineers (4.46 times), and Actuaries (4.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Connecticut, by average salary, are Surgeons ($368,005), Securities, commodities, & financial services sales agents ($324,694), and Chief executives & legislators ($241,611).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

1.73M

2018 Value

1.41%

1 Year growth

± 1.41%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Connecticut grew at a rate of 1.41%, from 1.71M employees to 1.73M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Connecticut, are Elementary & secondary schools (118,926 people), Restaurants & Food Services (96,255 people), and Construction (86,806 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Connecticut, though some of these residents may live in Connecticut and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Connecticut, by number of employees, are Elementary & secondary schools (118,926 people), Restaurants & Food Services (96,255 people), and Construction (86,806 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Connecticut has an unusually high number of U. S Coast Guard (5.36 times higher than expected), Ship & boat building (4.79 times), and Cutlery & hand tool manufacturing (3.91 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Connecticut, by average salary, are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($228,561), Nondepository credit & related activities ($204,751), and Sugar & confectionery products ($156,912).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35.4B

  2. $22.7B

  3. $17.4B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $35.4B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($22.7B) and Machinery ($17.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Connecticut products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$218B

2020 Value

$307B

Projected 2045 Value

40.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Connecticut trade was $218B. This is expected to increase 40.6% to $307B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Connecticut trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Connecticut to other states, or from other states to Connecticut.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.2B

  2. $22.4B

  3. $12.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Connecticut domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $27.2B, followed by Massachusetts with $22.4B and New Jersey and $12.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Connecticut shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

94.5% of the population of Connecticut has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 17.4% on Medicaid, 12.2% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 0.921% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Connecticut was $9,859 in 2014. This is a 3.59% increase from the previous year ($9,517).

Primary care physicians in Connecticut see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (1180 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1184 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 288 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.3%). Additionally, Windham County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,180 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Connecticut see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (1,180 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Connecticut in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$9,859

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,187

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,058

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,964

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Connecticut (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.59%, from $9,517 to $9,859.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.48%

Uninsured

52.4%

Employer Coverage

17.4%

Medicaid

12.2%

Medicare

11.7%

Non-Group

0.921%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Connecticut grew by 12.2% from 4.89% to 5.48%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Connecticut changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.3% prevalence

  2. 9.5% prevalence

  3. 9% prevalence

Windham County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut, at 10.3%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Connecticut by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Connecticut is home to a population of 3.57M people, from which 93.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.3% of Connecticut residents were born outside of the country (512k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Connecticut is composed of 2.37M White Alone residents (66.3%), 590k Hispanic or Latino residents (16.5%), 357k Black or African American Alone residents (10%), 165k Asian Alone residents (4.61%), 76.5k Two or More Races residents (2.14%), 11.4k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.319%), 5.11k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.143%), and 244 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00683%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Connecticut are Spanish (403,889 speakers), Portuguese (37,936 speakers), and Polish (31,509 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.5

In 2018, the median age of all people in Connecticut was 41.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Connecticut are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Connecticut residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.3%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

512k people

14.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

503k people

As of 2017, 14.3% of Connecticut residents (512k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Connecticut was 14.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Connecticut compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    46,216 ± 5,244 people

  2. Jamaica

    38,837 ± 4,812 people

  3. Dominican Republic

    27,403 ± 4,049 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was India, the natal country of 46,216 Connecticut residents, followed by Jamaica with 38,837 and Dominican Republic with 27,403.

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Citizenship

93.2%

2018 Citizenship

92.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.2% of Connecticut residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Connecticut was 92.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Connecticut compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    2.37M ± 2.81k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    590k ± 19.1k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    357k ± 4.8k

In 2018, there were 4.01 times more White Alone residents (2.37M people) in Connecticut than any other race or ethnicity. There were 590k Hispanic or Latino and 357k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Connecticut as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    403,889 speakers (11.9%)

  2. Portuguese

    37,936 speakers (1.12%)

  3. Polish

    31,509 speakers (0.929%)

22.1% of Connecticut citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Connecticut was Spanish. 11.9% of the overall population of Connecticut are native Spanish speakers. 1.12% speak Portuguese and 0.929% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    59,184 ± 2,955

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    26,712 ± 3,035

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    15,600 ± 1,764

Connecticut has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.22 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Connecticut awarded 55,441 degrees. The student population of Connecticut is skewed towards women, with 88,337 male students and 118,895 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Connecticut are White (31,510 and 61.7%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (6,467 and 12.7%), Black or African American (5,568 and 10.9%), and Unknown (3,504 and 6.86%).

The largest universities in Connecticut by number of degrees awarded are University of Connecticut (8,997 and 16.2%), Yale University (4,552 and 8.21%), and Quinnipiac University (2,821 and 5.09%).

The most popular majors in Connecticut are General Business Administration & Management (3,288 and 5.93%), Registered Nursing (2,398 and 4.33%), and General Studies (1,826 and 3.29%).

The median tuition costs in Connecticut are $36,522 for private four year colleges, and $9,575 and $25,474 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,748 degrees awarded

  2. 1,466 degrees awarded

  3. 1,238 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Connecticut was General Psychology with 1,748 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Connecticut according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 8,997 degrees awarded

  2. 4,552 degrees awarded

  3. 2,821 degrees awarded

$9,575

Median In-State Public

$36,522

Median Private

In 2017, the Connecticut institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Connecticut with 8,997 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

23,995

Degrees Awarded to Men

31,446

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 23,995 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Connecticut, which is 0.763 times less than the 31,446 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Connecticut by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    31,510 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    6,467 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    5,568 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Connecticut were to White students. These 31,510 degrees mean that there were 4.87 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 6,467 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Connecticut was $277,400 in 2018, which is 1.21 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $273,100 to $277,400, a 1.57% increase. The homeownership rate in Connecticut is 65.8%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Connecticut have an average commute time of 25.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Connecticut is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$277,400

2018 Median

± $2,057

$273,100

2017 Median

± $2,088

In 2018, the median property value in Connecticut grew to to $277,400 from the previous year's value of $273,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Connecticut compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Connecticut the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$76,348

Median Household Income

± $921

1.38M

Number of Households

± 17,974

In 2018, the median household income of the 1.38M households in Connecticut grew to $76,348 from the previous year's value of $74,168.

The following chart displays the households in Connecticut distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Connecticut distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Connecticut the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

65.8%

2018 Homeownership

66.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.8% of the housing units in Connecticut were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Connecticut compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Connecticut have a shorter commute time (25.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.46% of the workforce in Connecticut have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Connecticut compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    77.9%

  2. Carpooled

    8.15%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.66%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Connecticut was Drove Alone (77.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.15%) and those who Worked At Home (5.66%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Connecticut distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Connecticut have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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