Colfax County, NM

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Population

12,522

1.53% decline

Median Age

48.8


Median Household Income

$33,042

1.07% growth

Poverty Rate

23.5%


Number of Employees

4,663

0.257% decline

Median Property Value

$105,900

4.25% decline

About

In 2017, Colfax County, NM had a population of 12.5k people with a median age of 48.8 and a median household income of $33,042. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Colfax County, NM declined from 12,716 to 12,522, a -1.53% decrease and its median household income grew from $32,693 to $33,042, a 1.07% increase.

The population of Colfax County, NM is 49.2% Hispanic or Latino, 47.2% White Alone, and 1.73% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Colfax County, NM speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Colfax County, NM is $105,900, and the homeownership rate is 67.4%. Most people in Colfax County, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 14.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Colfax County, NM is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Abandoned Homestead in Colfax County

Economy

The economy of Colfax County, NM employs 4.66k people. The largest industries in Colfax County, NM are Accommodation & Food Services (779 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (609 people), and Retail Trade (537 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($93,850), Wholesale Trade ($90,885), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,201).

Median household income in Colfax County, NM is $33,042. Males in Colfax County, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Colfax County, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,042

2017 value

± $4,075

1.07%

1 Year Growth

± 17.9%

Households in Colfax County, NM have a median annual income of $33,042, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $32,693 in 2016, which represents a 1.07% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Colfax County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Colfax County, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9507

  2. Census Tract 9505

  3. Census Tract 9506

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Colfax County, NM was Census Tract 9507 with a value of $40,134, followed by Census Tract 9505 and Census Tract 9506, with respective values of $36,586 and $26,028.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Colfax County, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

23.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Colfax County, NM (2.82k out of 12k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,411 ± 311

  2. Hispanic

    1,830 ± 263

  3. Other

    145 ± 101

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Colfax County, NM is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

4.66k

2017 Value

± 428

-0.257%

1 Year decline

± 12.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Colfax County, NM declined at a rate of -0.257%, from 4.68k employees to 4.66k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Colfax County, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (692 people), Management Occupations (483 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (428 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Colfax County, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Colfax County, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (692 people), Management Occupations (483 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (428 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Colfax County, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.2 times higher than expected), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.71 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.64 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Colfax County, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($113,889), Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($90,373), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations ($56,875).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

4.66k

2017 Value

± 428

-0.257%

1 Year decline

± 12.9%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Colfax County, NM declined at a rate of -0.257%, from 4.68k employees to 4.66k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Colfax County, NM, are Accommodation & Food Services (779 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (609 people), and Retail Trade (537 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Colfax County, NM, though some of these residents may live in Colfax County, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Colfax County, NM, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (779 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (609 people), and Retail Trade (537 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Colfax County, NM has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.61 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (3.37 times), and Utilities (3.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Colfax County, NM, by median earnings, are Utilities ($93,850), Wholesale Trade ($90,885), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($84,201).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.9B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $8.75B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $14.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($13.1B) and Electronics ($8.75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$74.8B

2020 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

47.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $74.8B. This is expected to increase 47.6% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.6B

  2. $9.8B

  3. $6.35B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $10.6B, followed by Arizona with $9.8B and Oregon and $6.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.4% of the population of Colfax County, NM has health coverage, with 26.1% on employee plans, 25.9% on Medicaid, 18.7% on Medicare, 15.9% on non-group plans, and 3.71% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Colfax County, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Colfax County, NM see 2483 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.09% decrease from the previous year (2536 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 4084 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 112 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,483 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Colfax County, NM see an average of 2,483 patients per year. This represents a 2.09% decrease from the previous year (2,536 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Colfax County, NM in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.63%

Uninsured

26.1%

Employer Coverage

25.9%

Medicaid

18.7%

Medicare

15.9%

Non-Group

3.71%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Colfax County, NM declined by 14.5% from 11.3% to 9.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Colfax County, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Colfax County, NM is home to a population of 12.5k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.19% of Colfax County, NM residents were born outside of the country (399 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Colfax County, NM is composed of 6.16k Hispanic or Latino residents (49.2%), 5.91k White Alone residents (47.2%), 217 Two or More Races residents (1.73%), 127 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.01%), 70 Black or African American Alone residents (0.559%), 43 Asian Alone residents (0.343%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

49

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

49

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 7.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Colfax County, NM was 48.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 49, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 49. But people in Colfax County, NM are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Colfax County, NM residents was 48.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.19%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

399 people

3.56%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

453 people

As of 2017, 3.19% of Colfax County, NM residents (399 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Colfax County, NM was 3.56%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Colfax County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2017 Citizenship

97.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.1% of Colfax County, NM residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Colfax County, NM was 97.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Colfax County, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    6.16k ± 285

  2. White Alone

    5.91k ± 19

  3. Two or More Races

    217 ± 99.8

In 2017, there were 1.04 times more Hispanic or Latino residents (6.16k people) in Colfax County, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5.91k White Alone and 217 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Colfax County, NM as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    486 ± 114

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    150 ± 91

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    95 ± 58

Colfax County, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Colfax County, NM was $105,900 in 2017, which is 0.461 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $110,600 to $105,900, a 4.25% decrease. The homeownership rate in Colfax County, NM is 67.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Colfax County, NM have an average commute time of 14.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Colfax County, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$105,900

2017 Median

± $13,646

$110,600

2016 Median

± $8,642

In 2017, the median property value in Colfax County, NM declined from to $105,900 from the previous year's value of $110,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Colfax County, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Colfax County, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,042

Median Household Income

± $4,075

5.59k

Number of Households

± 455

In 2017, the median household income of the 5.59k households in Colfax County, NM grew to $33,042 from the previous year's value of $32,693.

The following chart displays the households in Colfax County, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Colfax County, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Colfax County, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

67.4%

2017 Homeownership

68.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 67.4% of the housing units in Colfax County, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 68.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Colfax County, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

14.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Colfax County, NM have a shorter commute time (14.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.96% of the workforce in Colfax County, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Colfax County, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.4%

  2. Carpooled

    15.9%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.62%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Colfax County, NM was Drove Alone (75.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (15.9%) and those who Worked At Home (4.62%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Colfax County, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Colfax County, NM have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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