Cleveland, MS

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Population

33,121

1.47% decline

Poverty Rate

37.4%


Median Age

35


Median Household Income

$28,468

3.68% growth

Number of Employees

11,228

4.02% decline

Median Property Value

$89,100

3.48% growth

About

In 2017, Cleveland, MS had a population of 33.1k people with a median age of 35 and a median household income of $28,468. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cleveland, MS declined from 33,615 to 33,121, a -1.47% decrease and its median household income grew from $27,457 to $28,468, a 3.68% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, MS are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (64.2%), White (Non-Hispanic) (32.4%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (1.52%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.933%), and White (Hispanic) (0.471%). N/A% of the people in Cleveland, MS speak a non-English language, and 99% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland, MS are Delta State University (837 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Cleveland, MS is $89,100, and the homeownership rate is 55.4%. Most people in Cleveland, MS commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland, MS is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Mississippi. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Mississippi, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Mississippi. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Mississippi across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cleveland, MS employs 11.2k people. The largest industries in Cleveland, MS are Educational Services (1,668 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,642 people), and Retail Trade (1,430 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,369), Information ($62,823), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,083).

Median household income in Cleveland, MS is $28,468. Males in Cleveland, MS have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $36,636. The income inequality in Cleveland, MS (measured using the Gini index) is 0.442, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$28,468

2017 value

± $2,121

3.68%

1 Year Growth

± 9.81%

Households in Cleveland, MS have a median annual income of $28,468, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,457 in 2016, which represents a 3.68% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cleveland, MS compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

$52,323

Average Male Salary

± $1,698

$36,636

Average Female Salary

± $1,074

In 2017, full-time male employees in Mississippi made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $45,496 ± $1,341

  2. Asian

    $44,270 ± $11,739

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $38,514 ± $48,157

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Mississippi workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Mississippi by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland, MS is from Mississippi.

0.442

2017 Wage GINI

0.446

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.442 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.919% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland, MS was Madison County, MS with a value of $75,992, followed by DeSoto County, MS and Rankin County, MS, with respective values of $68,385 and $66,480.

The following map shows all of the counties in Cleveland, MS colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

37.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland, MS (11.8k out of 31.5k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    9,504 ± 497

  2. White

    1,789 ± 318

  3. Hispanic

    362 ± 185

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland, MS is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

11.2k

2017 Value

± 723

-4.02%

1 Year decline

± 9.51%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland, MS declined at a rate of -4.02%, from 11.7k employees to 11.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland, MS, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,379 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,174 people), and Management Occupations (1,110 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland, MS.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland, MS, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,379 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,174 people), and Management Occupations (1,110 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cleveland, MS has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (3.71 times higher than expected), Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.93 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.86 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland, MS, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,024), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($55,733), and Management Occupations ($49,477).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

11.2k

2017 Value

± 723

-4.02%

1 Year decline

± 9.51%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland, MS declined at a rate of -4.02%, from 11.7k employees to 11.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland, MS, are Educational Services (1,668 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,642 people), and Retail Trade (1,430 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland, MS, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland, MS and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland, MS, by number of employees, are Educational Services (1,668 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,642 people), and Retail Trade (1,430 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Cleveland, MS has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.13 times higher than expected), Educational Services (1.6 times), and Public Administration (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland, MS, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($75,369), Information ($62,823), and Transportation & Warehousing ($51,083).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $46.3B

  2. $23.9B

  3. $14.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $46.3B, followed by Textiles/leather ($23.9B) and Mixed freight ($14.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Mississippi products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Mississippi state.

$206B

2020 Value

$277B

Projected 2045 Value

34.7% growth

In 2020, total outbound Mississippi trade was $206B. This is expected to increase 34.7% to $277B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Mississippi trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Mississippi to other states, or from other states to Mississippi.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $37.6B

  2. $18B

  3. $17.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Mississippi domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Alabama with $37.6B, followed by Tennessee with $18B and Louisiana and $17.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Mississippi shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

82.5% of the population of Cleveland, MS has health coverage, with 29.5% on employee plans, 33.9% on Medicaid, 9.4% on Medicare, 8.95% on non-group plans, and 0.824% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Cleveland, MS was $7,646 in 2014. This is a 3.86% increase from the previous year ($7,362).

Primary care physicians in Cleveland, MS see 1883 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1896 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2186 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 764 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (18.1%). Additionally, Jefferson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (46.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

1,883 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,883 patients per year. This represents a 0.686% decrease from the previous year (1,896 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi.

$7,646

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,045

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,690

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,021

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Mississippi (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.86%, from $7,362 to $7,646.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

17.5%

Uninsured

29.5%

Employer Coverage

33.9%

Medicaid

9.4%

Medicare

8.95%

Non-Group

0.824%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland, MS declined by 1.82% from 17.8% to 17.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland, MS changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 18.1% prevalence

  2. 17.8% prevalence

  3. 17.7% prevalence

Humphreys County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi, at 18.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Mississippi by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cleveland, MS is home to a population of 33.1k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.02% of Cleveland, MS residents were born outside of the country (669 people).

In 2017, there were 1.98 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.2k people) in Cleveland, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.7k White (Non-Hispanic) and 505 Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

35

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.1

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cleveland, MS was 35. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 35, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Cleveland, MS are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cleveland, MS residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.02%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

669 people

1.88%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

631 people

As of 2017, 2.02% of Cleveland, MS residents (669 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland, MS was 1.88%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    22,332 ± 3,655 people

  2. Vietnam

    4,461 ± 1,639 people

  3. India

    4,072 ± 1,566 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi was Mexico, the natal country of 22,332 Mississippi residents, followed by Vietnam with 4,461 and India with 4,072.

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Citizenship

99%

2017 Citizenship

99.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99% of Cleveland, MS residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland, MS was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland, MS compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, MS

  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    21.2k ± 106

  2. White (Non-Hispanic)

    10.7k ± 27

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    505 ± 142

In 2017, there were 1.98 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (21.2k people) in Cleveland, MS than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.7k White (Non-Hispanic) and 505 Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cleveland, MS as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    299 ± 119

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    295 ± 159

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    180 ± 77

Cleveland, MS has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cleveland, MS awarded 837 degrees. The student population of Cleveland, MS is skewed towards women, with 1,470 male students and 2,315 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland, MS are White (466 and 58.3%), followed by Black or African American (296 and 37%), Unknown (21 and 2.63%), and Hispanic or Latino (8 and 1%).

The largest universities in Cleveland, MS by number of degrees awarded are Delta State University (837 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland, MS are General Business Administration & Management (105 and 12.5%), Physical Education Teaching & Coaching (79 and 9.44%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (78 and 9.32%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland, MS are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,739 and $6,739 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 62 degrees awarded

  2. 41 degrees awarded

  3. 63 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland, MS was Registered Nursing with 62 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland, MS according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

837 degrees awarded

$6,739

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Cleveland, MS institution with the largest number of graduating students was Delta State University with 837 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

298

Degrees Awarded to Men

539

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 298 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland, MS, which is 0.553 times less than the 539 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cleveland, MS by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    466 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    296 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    21 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cleveland, MS were to White students. These 466 degrees mean that there were 1.57 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 296 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland, MS was $89,100 in 2017, which is 0.388 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $86,100 to $89,100, a 3.48% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland, MS is 55.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cleveland, MS have an average commute time of 17.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cleveland, MS is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$89,100

2017 Median

± $4,171

$86,100

2016 Median

± $3,400

In 2017, the median property value in Cleveland, MS grew to to $89,100 from the previous year's value of $86,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland, MS compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, MS the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$28,468

Median Household Income

± $2,121

12.3k

Number of Households

± 682

In 2017, the median household income of the 12.3k households in Cleveland, MS grew to $28,468 from the previous year's value of $27,457.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, MS distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland, MS distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, MS the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.4%

2017 Homeownership

53.3%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.4% of the housing units in Cleveland, MS were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 53.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland, MS compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland, MS have a shorter commute time (17.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.59% of the workforce in Cleveland, MS have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland, MS compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.7%

  2. Carpooled

    11.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.6%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cleveland, MS was Drove Alone (82.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.2%) and those who Worked At Home (2.6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, MS distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland, MS have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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