Clay County, WV

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Population

8,901

1.46% decline

Median Age

43.6


Median Household Income

$34,242

1.79% growth

Poverty Rate

25.2%


Number of Employees

2,516

6.57% decline

Median Property Value

$79,100

1.8% growth

About

In 2017, Clay County, WV had a population of 8.9k people with a median age of 43.6 and a median household income of $34,242. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Clay County, WV declined from 9,033 to 8,901, a -1.46% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,639 to $34,242, a 1.79% increase.

The population of Clay County, WV is 97.7% White Alone, 1.31% Two or More Races, and 0.483% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone. N/A% of the people in Clay County, WV speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Clay County, WV is $79,100, and the homeownership rate is 81.4%. Most people in Clay County, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 43.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, WV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Economy

The economy of Clay County, WV employs 2.52k people. The largest industries in Clay County, WV are Health Care & Social Assistance (476 people), Educational Services (339 people), and Construction (288 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($76,250), Transportation & Warehousing ($69,013), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,678).

Median household income in Clay County, WV is $34,242. Males in Clay County, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Clay County, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$34,242

2017 value

± $4,957

1.79%

1 Year Growth

± 21.1%

Households in Clay County, WV have a median annual income of $34,242, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $33,639 in 2016, which represents a 1.79% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Clay County, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in West Virginia made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of West Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9579

  2. Census Tract 9581

  3. Census Tract 9580

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, WV was Census Tract 9579 with a value of $39,630, followed by Census Tract 9581 and Census Tract 9580, with respective values of $31,553 and $26,316.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, WV (2.22k out of 8.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,207 ± 300

  2. Other

    9 ± 82

  3. Black

    2 ± 80

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, WV is White, followed by Other and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.52k

2017 Value

± 335

-6.57%

1 Year decline

± 19.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, WV declined at a rate of -6.57%, from 2.69k employees to 2.52k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, WV, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (340 people), Production Occupations (260 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (257 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, WV, by number of employees, are Construction & Extraction Occupations (340 people), Production Occupations (260 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (257 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (4 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (2.72 times), and Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.38 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, WV, by median earnings, are Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($58,250), Construction & Extraction Occupations ($48,938), and Protective Service Occupations ($47,574).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.52k

2017 Value

± 335

-6.57%

1 Year decline

± 19.2%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Clay County, WV declined at a rate of -6.57%, from 2.69k employees to 2.52k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, WV, are Health Care & Social Assistance (476 people), Educational Services (339 people), and Construction (288 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, WV, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, WV, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (476 people), Educational Services (339 people), and Construction (288 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (16.5 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.28 times), and Construction (1.83 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, WV, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($76,250), Transportation & Warehousing ($69,013), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($53,678).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $17.4B

  2. $7.3B

  3. $6.62B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $17.4B, followed by Coal ($7.3B) and Pharmaceuticals ($6.62B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$68B

2015 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

27.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound West Virginia trade was $68B. This is expected to increase 27.7% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.5B

  2. $6.95B

  3. $6.94B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $10.5B, followed by Ohio with $6.95B and Virginia and $6.94B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.9% of the population of Clay County, WV has health coverage, with 33.6% on employee plans, 34.5% on Medicaid, 15% on Medicare, 8.35% on non-group plans, and 2.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Clay County, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, WV see 0 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (0 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2953 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2953 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

0 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Clay County, WV see an average of 0 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (0 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, WV in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.11%

Uninsured

33.6%

Employer Coverage

34.5%

Medicaid

15%

Medicare

8.35%

Non-Group

2.38%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, WV declined by 25.7% from 8.22% to 6.11%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Clay County, WV is home to a population of 8.9k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 0% of Clay County, WV residents were born outside of the country (0 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Clay County, WV is composed of 8.69k White Alone residents (97.7%), 117 Two or More Races residents (1.31%), 43 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.483%), 24 Hispanic or Latino residents (0.27%), 12 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.135%), 9 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.101%), 2 Black or African American Alone residents (0.0225%), and 0 Asian Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Clay County, WV are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Clay County, WV was 43.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Clay County, WV are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Clay County, WV residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0 people

0.244%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

22 people

As of 2017, 0% of Clay County, WV residents (0 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, WV was 0.244%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Virginia was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 West Virginia residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

99.8%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Clay County, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, WV was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    8.69k ± 16

  2. Two or More Races

    117 ± 45.9

  3. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    43 ± 27

In 2017, there were 74.3 times more White Alone residents (8.69k people) in Clay County, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 117 Two or More Races and 43 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Clay County, WV as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Clay County, WV citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Clay County, WV was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Clay County, WV are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    247 ± 85

  2. Korea

    126 ± 51

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    43 ± 59

Clay County, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.96 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, WV was $79,100 in 2017, which is 0.364 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,700 to $79,100, a 1.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, WV is 81.4%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Clay County, WV have an average commute time of 43.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Clay County, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$34,242

Median Household Income

± $4,957

3.37k

Number of Households

± 359

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.37k households in Clay County, WV grew to $34,242 from the previous year's value of $33,639.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$79,100

2017 Median

± $9,825

$77,700

2016 Median

± $8,016

In 2017, the median property value in Clay County, WV grew to to $79,100 from the previous year's value of $77,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

81.4%

2017 Homeownership

81%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 81.4% of the housing units in Clay County, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 81%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, WV have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

43.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, WV have a longer commute time (43.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 17% of the workforce in Clay County, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73.1%

  2. Carpooled

    21%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.33%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Clay County, WV was Drove Alone (73.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (21%) and those who Worked At Home (3.33%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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