Clay County, IL

County

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Population
13,338
0.411% 1-year decline
US Senator
Dick Durbin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tammy Duckworth
Democratic Party
Median Age
42.7

Median Household Income
$48,691
2.67% 1-year growth
Median Property Value
$81,700
5.83% 1-year growth
Number of Employees
6,093
4.02% 1-year decline

About

In 2018, Clay County, IL had a population of 13.3k people with a median age of 42.7 and a median household income of $48,691. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Clay County, IL declined from 13,393 to 13,338, a -0.411% decrease and its median household income grew from $47,427 to $48,691, a 2.67% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, IL are White (Non-Hispanic) (96.2%), White (Hispanic) (1.44%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.42%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (0.457%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.285%). NaNk% of the people in Clay County, IL speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Clay County, IL is $81,700, and the homeownership rate is 77%. Most people in Clay County, IL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, IL is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Illinois. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Illinois, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Illinois (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Illinois across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Civics

In the 2016 presidential election, the popular vote in Illinois went to Donald J. Trump with 79.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Hillary Rodham Clinton (16.1%), followed by Other (4.87%). The most partisan county was Wayne County, IL with 84.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing the state of Illinois. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Clay County, IL is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of Illinois.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Illinois
79.1% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in Illinois
  1. 84.3% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  2. 83% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)
  3. 79.1% for Donald J. Trump (Republican Party)

In the 2016 presidential election, the most partisan county in Illinois was Wayne County, IL with 84.3% of the vote going to Donald J. Trump running for the Republican Party.

The following map shows the counties in Illinois colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from Illinois

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Dick Durbin
Senator from Illinois2
Assumed office on January 3, 1997
Tammy Duckworth
Senator from Illinois3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth are the senators currently representing Illinois.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Illinois over time, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Illinois

Illinois is currently represented by 18 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Clay County, IL have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Diversity

Clay County, IL is home to a population of 13.3k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2018, 0.975% of Clay County, IL residents were born outside of the country (130 people).

In 2018, there were 66.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.8k people) in Clay County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 192 White (Hispanic) and 190 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, IL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    12.8k ± 17
  2. White (Hispanic)
    192 ± 10
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    190 ± 75
1.47%
Hispanic Population
196 people

In 2018, there were 66.8 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.8k people) in Clay County, IL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 192 White (Hispanic) and 190 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.47% of the people in Clay County, IL are hispanic (196 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, IL as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0.975%
2018 Foreign-Born Population
130 people
1.49%
2017 Foreign-Born Population
199 people

As of 2018, 0.975% of Clay County, IL residents (130 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2017, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, IL was 1.49%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

43
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.9
36
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 61.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Clay County, IL was 42.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Clay County, IL are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Clay County, IL residents was 44.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    669,904 ± 19,564 people
  2. India
    147,732 ± 9,382 people
  3. Poland
    136,910 ± 9,036 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Illinois was Mexico, the natal country of 669,904 Illinois residents, followed by India with 147,732 and Poland with 136,910.

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Citizenship

99.5%
2018 Citizenship
99.5%
2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 99.5% of Clay County, IL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, IL was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, IL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    389 ± 95
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    193 ± 97
  3. Korea
    90 ± 51

Clay County, IL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.02 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

Median household income in Clay County, IL is $48,691. In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Clay County, IL was Census Tract 9719 with a value of $52,958, followed by Census Tract 9722 and Census Tract 9720, with respective values of $52,460 and $47,341.

Males in Illinois have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,403. The income inequality in Illinois (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Clay County, IL employs 6.09k people. The largest industries in Clay County, IL are Manufacturing (1,336 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,034 people), and Retail Trade (573 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($82,115), Public Administration ($62,917), and Utilities ($58,000).

Wages

Median Household Income

$48,691
2018 value
± $3,604
2.67%
1 Year Growth
± 9.56%

Households in Clay County, IL have a median annual income of $48,691, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,427 in 2017, which represents a 2.67% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Clay County, IL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
$71,579
Average Male Salary in Illinois
± $1,160
$52,403
Average Female Salary in Illinois
± $852

In 2017, full-time male employees in Illinois made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Illinois.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in Illinois
  1. Asian
    $65,613 ± $3,132
  2. White
    $56,297 ± $776
  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander
    $46,947 ± $14,340

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Illinois workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.17 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in Illinois.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Illinois by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, IL is from Illinois.
0.483
2017 Wage GINI in Illinois
0.481
2016 Wage GINI in Illinois

In 2017, the income inequality in Illinois was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.351% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Illinois was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Illinois in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Illinois across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9719
  2. Census Tract 9722
  3. Census Tract 9720

In 2018, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, IL was Census Tract 9719 with a value of $52,958, followed by Census Tract 9722 and Census Tract 9720, with respective values of $52,460 and $47,341.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, IL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

N/A N/A
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, IL (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are N/A N/A, followed by N/A N/A and then N/A N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, IL is N/A, followed by N/A and N/A.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

6.09k
2018 Value
± 474
-4.02%
1 Year decline
± 11.3%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Clay County, IL declined at a rate of -4.02%, from 6.35k employees to 6.09k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, IL, are Production Occupations (987 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (853 people), and Management Occupations (528 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (987 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (853 people), and Management Occupations (528 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, IL has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (3.49 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.82 times), and Material Moving Occupations (2.04 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Clay County, IL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($66,471), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($65,592), and Protective Service Occupations ($64,583).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

6.09k
2018 Value
± 474
-4.02%
1 Year decline
± 11.3%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Clay County, IL declined at a rate of -4.02%, from 6.35k employees to 6.09k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, IL, are Manufacturing (1,336 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,034 people), and Retail Trade (573 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, IL, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, IL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Clay County, IL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (1,336 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (1,034 people), and Retail Trade (573 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Clay County, IL has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (4.59 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.2 times), and Manufacturing (2.18 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Clay County, IL, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($82,115), Public Administration ($62,917), and Utilities ($58,000).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $76.6B
  2. $75B
  3. $66.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $76.6B, followed by Gasoline ($75B) and Pharmaceuticals ($66.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Illinois products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Illinois.
$871B
2015 Value in Illinois
$1.31T
Projected 2045 Value in Illinois
50.5% growth

In 2015, total outbound Illinois trade was $871B. This is expected to increase 50.5% to $1.31T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Illinois trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Illinois to other states, or from other states to Illinois.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $63.2B
  2. $48.1B
  3. $32.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Illinois domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Indiana with $63.2B, followed by Wisconsin with $48.1B and Michigan and $32.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Illinois shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, IL was $81,700 in 2018, which is 0.356 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $77,200 to $81,700, a 5.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, IL is 77%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Clay County, IL have an average commute time of 20.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Clay County, IL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$81,700
2018 Median
± $6,658
$77,200
2017 Median
± $5,289

In 2018, the median property value in Clay County, IL grew to to $81,700 from the previous year's value of $77,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Clay County, IL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, IL the largest share of households have a property value in the N/A range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,691
Median Household Income
± $3,604
5.64k
Number of Households
± 433

In 2018, the median household income of the 5.64k households in Clay County, IL grew to $48,691 from the previous year's value of $47,427.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, IL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

77%
2018 Homeownership
79.1%
2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 77% of the housing units in Clay County, IL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 79.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Clay County, IL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, IL have a shorter commute time (20.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.3 minutes). Additionally, 2.5% of the workforce in Clay County, IL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, IL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel
  1. Drove Alone
    83.8%
  2. Carpooled
    8.22%
  3. Worked At Home
    4.54%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Clay County, IL was Drove Alone (83.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.22%) and those who Worked At Home (4.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, IL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, IL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Health

92.1% of the population of Clay County, IL has health coverage, with 39% on employee plans, 22% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 15% on non-group plans, and 0.888% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Illinois was $8,262 in 2014. This is a 4.44% increase from the previous year ($7,911).

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IL see 6714 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.68% decrease from the previous year (6760 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1900 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 782 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.7%). Additionally, Stephenson County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

6,714 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Clay County, IL

Primary care physicians in Clay County, IL see an average of 6,714 patients per year. This represents a 0.68% decrease from the previous year (6,760 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, IL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
$8,262
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in Illinois
$4,875
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$4,959
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$11,116
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Illinois (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.44%, from $7,911 to $8,262.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.87%
Uninsured
39%
Employer Coverage
22%
Medicaid
15.2%
Medicare
15%
Non-Group
0.888%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, IL grew by 6.93% from 7.36% to 7.87%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, IL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 12.7% prevalence
  2. 12.7% prevalence
  3. 12% prevalence

Stephenson County and St. Clair County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Illinois, at 12.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Illinois by county over multiple years.

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