Chattanooga, TN-GA

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Population

558,703

0.69% growth

Poverty Rate

14.7%


Median Age

40.7


Median Household Income

$54,732

8.92% growth

Number of Employees

266,873

2.89% growth

Median Property Value

$162,200

1.38% growth

About

In 2018, Chattanooga, TN-GA had a population of 559k people with a median age of 40.7 and a median household income of $54,732. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Chattanooga, TN-GA grew from 554,876 to 558,703, a 0.69% increase and its median household income grew from $50,250 to $54,732, a 8.92% increase.

The population of Chattanooga, TN-GA is 77.9% White Alone, 13.2% Black or African American Alone, and 4.36% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Chattanooga, TN-GA speak a non-English language, and 97.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Chattanooga, TN-GA are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (2,500 degrees awarded in 2017), Chattanooga State Community College (1,410 degrees), and Southern Adventist University (768 degrees).

The median property value in Chattanooga, TN-GA is $162,200, and the homeownership rate is 68.2%. Most people in Chattanooga, TN-GA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Chattanooga, TN-GA is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Tennessee compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Tennessee across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Chattanooga, TN-GA employs 267k people. The largest industries in Chattanooga, TN-GA are Health Care & Social Assistance (39,046 people), Manufacturing (35,525 people), and Retail Trade (27,972 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,334), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,911), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,642).

Median household income in Chattanooga, TN-GA is $54,732. Males in Chattanooga, TN-GA have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,237. The income inequality in Chattanooga, TN-GA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.464, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$54,732

2018 value

± $2,438

8.92%

1 Year Growth

± 5.42%

Households in Chattanooga, TN-GA have a median annual income of $54,732, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $50,250 in 2017, which represents a 8.92% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Chattanooga, TN-GA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$60,607

Average Male Salary

± $1,379

$44,237

Average Female Salary

± $1,006

In 2018, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,380 ± $6,815

  2. White

    $49,129 ± $940

  3. Two or More Races

    $42,683 ± $7,409

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.15 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Chattanooga, TN-GA is from Tennessee.

0.464

2018 Wage GINI

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.464 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.388% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Chattanooga, TN-GA was Williamson County, TN with a value of $110,700, followed by Wilson County, TN and Robertson County, TN, with respective values of $76,756 and $69,079.

The following map shows all of the counties in Chattanooga, TN-GA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Chattanooga, TN-GA (78.3k out of 534k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    54,056 ± 1,796

  2. Black

    19,844 ± 1,033

  3. Hispanic

    6,378 ± 690

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Chattanooga, TN-GA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

267k

2018 Value

± 9,175

2.89%

1 Year growth

± 4.72%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Chattanooga, TN-GA grew at a rate of 2.89%, from 259k employees to 267k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Chattanooga, TN-GA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (32,230 people), Sales & Related Occupations (28,228 people), and Management Occupations (24,698 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Chattanooga, TN-GA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Chattanooga, TN-GA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (32,230 people), Sales & Related Occupations (28,228 people), and Management Occupations (24,698 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Chattanooga, TN-GA has an unusually high number of residents working as Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.26 times higher than expected), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.24 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.21 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Chattanooga, TN-GA, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($102,122), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($83,059), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($75,890).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

267k

2018 Value

± 9,175

2.89%

1 Year growth

± 4.72%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Chattanooga, TN-GA grew at a rate of 2.89%, from 259k employees to 267k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Chattanooga, TN-GA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (39,046 people), Manufacturing (35,525 people), and Retail Trade (27,972 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Chattanooga, TN-GA, though some of these residents may live in Chattanooga, TN-GA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Chattanooga, TN-GA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (39,046 people), Manufacturing (35,525 people), and Retail Trade (27,972 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other msas, Chattanooga, TN-GA has an unusually high number of Utilities (2.4 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.37 times), and Finance & Insurance (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Chattanooga, TN-GA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($84,334), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($50,911), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($50,642).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.9B

  2. $35.5B

  3. $29.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $38.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($35.5B) and Mixed freight ($29.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$366B

2020 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

43.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Tennessee trade was $366B. This is expected to increase 43.2% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.6B

  2. $18.7B

  3. $18.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $31.6B, followed by Texas with $18.7B and Georgia and $18.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.3% of the population of Chattanooga, TN-GA has health coverage, with 50.5% on employee plans, 12.2% on Medicaid, 15.5% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 1.11% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the msa of Chattanooga, TN-GA was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Chattanooga, TN-GA see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1380 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1893 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 742 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 0.145% increase from the previous year (1,380 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tennessee in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.7%

Uninsured

50.5%

Employer Coverage

12.2%

Medicaid

15.5%

Medicare

11%

Non-Group

1.11%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Chattanooga, TN-GA grew by 13.5% from 8.55% to 9.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Chattanooga, TN-GA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Chattanooga, TN-GA is home to a population of 559k people, from which 97.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.75% of Chattanooga, TN-GA residents were born outside of the country (20.8k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Chattanooga, TN-GA is composed of 435k White Alone residents (77.9%), 73.8k Black or African American Alone residents (13.2%), 24.3k Hispanic or Latino residents (4.36%), 13.8k Two or More Races residents (2.46%), 8.4k Asian Alone residents (1.5%), 1.81k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.324%), 833 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.149%), and 667 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.119%).

Age

Age by Nativity

41

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

40

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Chattanooga, TN-GA was 40.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 41, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 40. But people in Chattanooga, TN-GA are getting staying the same age. In 2017, the average age of all Chattanooga, TN-GA residents was 41.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.75%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

20.8k people

3.72%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

20.5k people

As of 2017, 3.75% of Chattanooga, TN-GA residents (20.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Chattanooga, TN-GA was 3.72%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Chattanooga, TN-GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    84,132 ± 7,077 people

  2. India

    18,226 ± 3,310 people

  3. Honduras

    14,274 ± 2,930 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 84,132 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 18,226 and Honduras with 14,274.

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Citizenship

97.6%

2018 Citizenship

97.6%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.6% of Chattanooga, TN-GA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Chattanooga, TN-GA was 97.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Chattanooga, TN-GA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    435k ± 3.18k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    73.8k ± 2.47k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    24.3k ± 2.56k

In 2018, there were 5.89 times more White Alone residents (435k people) in Chattanooga, TN-GA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 73.8k Black or African American Alone and 24.3k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Chattanooga, TN-GA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    13,688 ± 1,782

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,869 ± 1,752

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    5,305 ± 1,201

Chattanooga, TN-GA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.33 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Chattanooga, TN-GA awarded 5,722 degrees. The student population of Chattanooga, TN-GA is skewed towards women, with 10,449 male students and 14,747 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Chattanooga, TN-GA are White (4,182 and 74.4%), followed by Black or African American (625 and 11.1%), Hispanic or Latino (321 and 5.71%), and Two or More Races (241 and 4.29%).

The largest universities in Chattanooga, TN-GA by number of degrees awarded are The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga (2,500 and 43.7%), Chattanooga State Community College (1,410 and 24.6%), and Southern Adventist University (768 and 13.4%).

The most popular majors in Chattanooga, TN-GA are General Business Administration & Management (561 and 9.8%), Registered Nursing (524 and 9.16%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (511 and 8.93%).

The median tuition costs in Chattanooga, TN-GA are $26,465 for private four year colleges, and $6,888 and $23,006 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 379 degrees awarded

  2. 232 degrees awarded

  3. 201 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Chattanooga, TN-GA was General Business Administration & Management with 379 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Chattanooga, TN-GA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,500 degrees awarded

  2. 1,410 degrees awarded

  3. 768 degrees awarded

$6,888

Median In-State Public

$26,465

Median Private

In 2017, the Chattanooga, TN-GA institution with the largest number of graduating students was The University of Tennessee-Chattanooga with 2,500 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,187

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,535

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,187 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Chattanooga, TN-GA, which is 0.619 times less than the 3,535 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Chattanooga, TN-GA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,182 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    625 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    321 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Chattanooga, TN-GA were to White students. These 4,182 degrees mean that there were 6.69 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 625 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Chattanooga, TN-GA was $162,200 in 2018, which is 0.706 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $160,000 to $162,200, a 1.38% increase. The homeownership rate in Chattanooga, TN-GA is 68.2%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Chattanooga, TN-GA have an average commute time of 22.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Chattanooga, TN-GA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$162,200

2018 Median

± $3,733

$160,000

2017 Median

± $4,162

In 2018, the median property value in Chattanooga, TN-GA grew to to $162,200 from the previous year's value of $160,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Chattanooga, TN-GA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chattanooga, TN-GA the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$54,732

Median Household Income

± $2,438

221k

Number of Households

± 7,679

In 2018, the median household income of the 221k households in Chattanooga, TN-GA grew to $54,732 from the previous year's value of $50,250.

The following chart displays the households in Chattanooga, TN-GA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Chattanooga, TN-GA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Chattanooga, TN-GA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

68.2%

2018 Homeownership

65.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.2% of the housing units in Chattanooga, TN-GA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Chattanooga, TN-GA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Chattanooga, TN-GA have a shorter commute time (22.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.1% of the workforce in Chattanooga, TN-GA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Chattanooga, TN-GA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.4%

  2. Carpooled

    9.62%

  3. Worked At Home

    5.96%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Chattanooga, TN-GA was Drove Alone (81.4%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.62%) and those who Worked At Home (5.96%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Chattanooga, TN-GA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Chattanooga, TN-GA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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