Centre County PUMA, PA

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Population

160,646

0.922% growth

Median Age

31.3


Median Household Income

$56,466

3.78% growth

Poverty Rate

18.4%


Number of Employees

72,947

1.31% growth

Median Property Value

$212,300

3.06% growth

About

In 2017, Centre County PUMA, PA had a population of 161k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $56,466. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Centre County PUMA, PA grew from 159,178 to 160,646, a 0.922% increase and its median household income grew from $54,407 to $56,466, a 3.78% increase.

The population of Centre County PUMA, PA is 85.8% White Alone, 5.98% Asian Alone, and 3.63% Black or African American Alone. 11.2% of the people in Centre County PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 94.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Centre County PUMA, PA are Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus (13,345 degrees awarded in 2016), Pennsylvania State University-World Campus (3,431 degrees), and South Hills School of Business & Technology (222 degrees).

The median property value in Centre County PUMA, PA is $212,300, and the homeownership rate is 61.4%. Most people in Centre County PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Centre County PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Centre County PUMA, PA employs 72.9k people. The largest industries in Centre County PUMA, PA are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (18,119 people), Restaurants & Food Services (6,436 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,046 people), and the highest paying industries are Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($227,044), Offices of physicians ($111,799), and Railroad rolling stock manufacturing ($109,214).

Median household income in Centre County PUMA, PA is $56,466. Males in Centre County PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,716. The income inequality in Centre County PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$56,466

2017 value

± $1,612

3.78%

1 Year Growth

± 3.86%

Households in Centre County PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $56,466, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $54,407 in 2016, which represents a 3.78% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Centre County PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$63,925

Average Male Salary

± $8,761

$44,716

Average Female Salary

± $4,893

In 2017, full-time male employees in Centre County PUMA, PA made 1.43 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Centre County PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $44,622 ± $4,706

  2. Asian

    $40,492 ± $21,277

  3. Two or More Races

    $39,162 ± $23,203

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Centre County PUMA, PA workers was White. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Centre County PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.474

2017 Wage GINI

0.475

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Centre County PUMA, PA was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.252% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Centre County PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Centre County PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Centre County PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Centre County PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Centre County PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

18.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Centre County PUMA, PA (26.3k out of 143k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    21,215 ± 1,081

  2. Asian

    3,076 ± 385

  3. Black

    1,330 ± 349

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Centre County PUMA, PA is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

72.9k

2017 Value

1.31%

1 Year growth

± 1.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Centre County PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 72k employees to 72.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Centre County PUMA, PA, are Postsecondary teachers (7,470 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,911 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,767 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Centre County PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Centre County PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Postsecondary teachers (7,470 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,911 people), and Secretaries & administrative assistants (1,767 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Centre County PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Mining machine operators (10.8 times higher than expected), Other Physical Scientists (10.2 times), and Postsecondary teachers (9.73 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Centre County PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($218,759), Chief executives & legislators ($176,831), and Pharmacists ($118,488).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

72.9k

2017 Value

1.31%

1 Year growth

± 1.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Centre County PUMA, PA grew at a rate of 1.31%, from 72k employees to 72.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Centre County PUMA, PA, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (18,119 people), Restaurants & Food Services (6,436 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,046 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Centre County PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Centre County PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Centre County PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (18,119 people), Restaurants & Food Services (6,436 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,046 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Centre County PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (8.53 times higher than expected), Navigational, measuring, electromedical, & control instruments manufacturing (6.11 times), and Book stores & news dealers (5.04 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Centre County PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Medical equipment & supplies manufacturing ($227,044), Offices of physicians ($111,799), and Railroad rolling stock manufacturing ($109,214).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.4% of the population of Centre County PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 60.5% on employee plans, 6.87% on Medicaid, 9.44% on Medicare, 15.5% on non-group plans, and 1.19% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Centre County PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Centre County PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.57%

Uninsured

60.5%

Employer Coverage

6.87%

Medicaid

9.44%

Medicare

15.5%

Non-Group

1.19%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Centre County PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 6.57%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Centre County PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Centre County PUMA, PA is home to a population of 161k people, from which 94.1% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Centre County PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Centre County PUMA, PA is composed of 138k White Alone residents (85.8%), 9.61k Asian Alone residents (5.98%), 5.84k Black or African American Alone residents (3.63%), 4.56k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.84%), 2.3k Two or More Races residents (1.43%), 255 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.159%), 202 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.126%), and 70 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0436%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Centre County PUMA, PA are Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (4,336 speakers), Spanish (2,844 speakers), and Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages (1,482 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

28

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Centre County PUMA, PA was 31.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 28. But people in Centre County PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Centre County PUMA, PA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

8.11%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

12.9k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Centre County PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Centre County PUMA, PA was 8.11%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Centre County PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    3,248 ± 1,385 people

  2. India

    1,438 ± 927 people

  3. Korea

    1,071 ± 801 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Centre County PUMA, PA was China, the natal country of 3,248 Centre County PUMA, PA residents, followed by India with 1,438 and Korea with 1,071.

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Citizenship

94.1%

2017 Citizenship

94.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 94.1% of Centre County PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Centre County PUMA, PA was 94.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Centre County PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    138k ± 281

  2. Asian Alone

    9.61k ± 389

  3. Black or African American Alone

    5.84k ± 249

In 2017, there were 14.3 times more White Alone residents (138k people) in Centre County PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.61k Asian Alone and 5.84k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Centre County PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    4,336 speakers (2.81%)

  2. Spanish

    2,844 speakers (1.85%)

  3. Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages

    1,482 speakers (0.962%)

11.2% of Centre County PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Centre County PUMA, PA was Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese). 2.81% of the overall population of Centre County PUMA, PA are native Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) speakers. 1.85% speak Spanish and 0.962% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,711 ± 293

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,498 ± 286

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    922 ± 232

Centre County PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.81 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Centre County PUMA, PA awarded 17,177 degrees. The student population of Centre County PUMA, PA is skewed towards men, with 32,692 male students and 29,280 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Centre County PUMA, PA are White (11,758 and 78%), followed by Asian (900 and 5.97%), Hispanic or Latino (887 and 5.88%), and Black or African American (784 and 5.2%).

The largest universities in Centre County PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus (13,345 and 77.7%), Pennsylvania State University-World Campus (3,431 and 20%), and South Hills School of Business & Technology (222 and 1.29%).

The most popular majors in Centre County PUMA, PA are Information Science (825 and 4.8%), General Psychology (581 and 3.38%), and Accounting (579 and 3.37%).

The median tuition costs in Centre County PUMA, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $15,063 and $22,304 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 530 degrees awarded

  2. 501 degrees awarded

  3. 612 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Centre County PUMA, PA was General Psychology with 530 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Centre County PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 13,345 degrees awarded

  2. 3,431 degrees awarded

  3. 222 degrees awarded

$15,063

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Centre County PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pennsylvania State University-Main Campus with 13,345 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9,096

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,081

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 9,096 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Centre County PUMA, PA, which is 1.13 times more than the 8,081 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Centre County PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    11,758 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    900 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    887 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Centre County PUMA, PA were to White students. These 11,758 degrees mean that there were 13.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 900 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Centre County PUMA, PA was $212,300 in 2017, which is 0.976 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $206,000 to $212,300, a 3.06% increase. The homeownership rate in Centre County PUMA, PA is 61.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Centre County PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 19.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Centre County PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$56,466

Median Household Income

± $1,612

57.7k

Number of Households

± 1,558

In 2017, the median household income of the 57.7k households in Centre County PUMA, PA grew to $56,466 from the previous year's value of $54,407.

The following chart displays the households in Centre County PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$212,300

2017 Median

± $3,710

$206,000

2016 Median

± $3,836

In 2017, the median property value in Centre County PUMA, PA grew to to $212,300 from the previous year's value of $206,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Centre County PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Centre County PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Centre County PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Centre County PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

61.4%

2017 Homeownership

61%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 61.4% of the housing units in Centre County PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 61%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Centre County PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Centre County PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Centre County PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

19.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Centre County PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (19.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.85% of the workforce in Centre County PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Centre County PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68.3%

  2. Walked

    9.47%

  3. Carpooled

    9.18%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Centre County PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (68.3%), followed by those who Walked (9.47%) and those who Carpooled (9.18%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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