Cass County, MN

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Population

28,810

0.618% growth

Median Age

48.7


Median Household Income

$50,162

4.67% growth

Poverty Rate

15.3%


Number of Employees

12,264

0.221% growth

Median Property Value

$178,700

2.7% growth

About

In 2017, Cass County, MN had a population of 28.8k people with a median age of 48.7 and a median household income of $50,162. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cass County, MN grew from 28,633 to 28,810, a 0.618% increase and its median household income grew from $47,926 to $50,162, a 4.67% increase.

The population of Cass County, MN is 83.3% White Alone, 10.9% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, and 2.82% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Cass County, MN speak a non-English language, and 99.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cass County, MN are Leech Lake Tribal College (45 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Cass County, MN is $178,700, and the homeownership rate is 80.7%. Most people in Cass County, MN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Cass County, MN is 2 cars per household.

Economy

The economy of Cass County, MN employs 12.3k people. The largest industries in Cass County, MN are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,911 people), Retail Trade (1,462 people), and Construction (1,368 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,417), Utilities ($66,563), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($45,694).

Median household income in Cass County, MN is $50,162. Males in Cass County, MN have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,870. The income inequality in Cass County, MN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.467, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$50,162

2017 value

± $1,142

4.67%

1 Year Growth

± 3.31%

Households in Cass County, MN have a median annual income of $50,162, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,926 in 2016, which represents a 4.67% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cass County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

$69,210

Average Male Salary

± $1,573

$52,870

Average Female Salary

± $1,202

In 2017, full-time male employees in Minnesota made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $53,440 ± $951

  2. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $51,343 ± $59,950

  3. Asian

    $50,326 ± $4,235

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Minnesota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.04 times more than Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Minnesota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cass County, MN is from Minnesota.

0.467

2017 Wage GINI

0.466

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Minnesota was 0.467 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.29% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Minnesota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Minnesota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Minnesota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9608.01

  2. Census Tract 9603.01

  3. Census Tract 9608.02

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cass County, MN was Census Tract 9608.01 with a value of $72,225, followed by Census Tract 9603.01 and Census Tract 9608.02, with respective values of $58,438 and $54,327.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cass County, MN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 6 - 11

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cass County, MN (4.34k out of 28.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 6 - 11, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    2,531 ± 166

  2. Native American

    1,340 ± 94

  3. Two Or More

    380 ± 87

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cass County, MN is White, followed by Native American and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

12.3k

2017 Value

± 347

0.221%

1 Year growth

± 4.09%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cass County, MN grew at a rate of 0.221%, from 12.2k employees to 12.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cass County, MN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,628 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,351 people), and Management Occupations (1,198 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cass County, MN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cass County, MN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,628 people), Sales & Related Occupations (1,351 people), and Management Occupations (1,198 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cass County, MN has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (2.35 times higher than expected), Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.72 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.39 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cass County, MN, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($61,953), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($58,542), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($53,984).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

12.3k

2017 Value

± 347

0.221%

1 Year growth

± 4.09%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cass County, MN grew at a rate of 0.221%, from 12.2k employees to 12.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cass County, MN, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,911 people), Retail Trade (1,462 people), and Construction (1,368 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cass County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Cass County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cass County, MN, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (1,911 people), Retail Trade (1,462 people), and Construction (1,368 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cass County, MN has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (2.76 times higher than expected), Construction (1.78 times), and Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (1.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cass County, MN, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($86,417), Utilities ($66,563), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($45,694).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $23.9B

  2. $22.1B

  3. $19.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota product (by dollars) was Electronics with $23.9B, followed by Cereal grains ($22.1B) and Nonmetal min. prods. ($19.3B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Minnesota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Minnesota state.

$316B

2015 Value

$484B

Projected 2045 Value

53.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Minnesota trade was $316B. This is expected to increase 53.4% to $484B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Minnesota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Minnesota to other states, or from other states to Minnesota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.5B

  2. $24.3B

  3. $13.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Minnesota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wisconsin with $25.5B, followed by Iowa with $24.3B and Illinois and $13.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Minnesota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.6% of the population of Cass County, MN has health coverage, with 31.9% on employee plans, 23.4% on Medicaid, 17.4% on Medicare, 17.4% on non-group plans, and 2.47% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cass County, MN was $8,871 in 2014. This is a 4.8% increase from the previous year ($8,465).

Primary care physicians in Cass County, MN see 2392 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.86% decrease from the previous year (2596 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1450 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1208 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.5%). Additionally, Pine County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (37.2%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,392 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cass County, MN see an average of 2,392 patients per year. This represents a 7.86% decrease from the previous year (2,596 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cass County, MN in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Minnesota.

$8,871

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,603

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,176

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,917

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Minnesota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.8%, from $8,465 to $8,871.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.41%

Uninsured

31.9%

Employer Coverage

23.4%

Medicaid

17.4%

Medicare

17.4%

Non-Group

2.47%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cass County, MN declined by 9.36% from 8.18% to 7.41%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cass County, MN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.5% prevalence

  2. 11.7% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Aitkin County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota, at 12.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Minnesota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cass County, MN is home to a population of 28.8k people, from which 99.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.08% of Cass County, MN residents were born outside of the country (310 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cass County, MN is composed of 24k White Alone residents (83.3%), 3.14k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (10.9%), 813 Two or More Races residents (2.82%), 570 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.98%), 178 Asian Alone residents (0.618%), 108 Black or African American Alone residents (0.375%), 13 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0451%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cass County, MN are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

49

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cass County, MN was 48.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 49, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Cass County, MN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cass County, MN residents was 48.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.08%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

310 people

0.999%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

286 people

As of 2017, 1.08% of Cass County, MN residents (310 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cass County, MN was 0.999%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cass County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Minnesota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    65,949 ± 6,267 people

  2. Somalia

    30,092 ± 4,247 people

  3. India

    29,695 ± 4,219 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Minnesota was Mexico, the natal country of 65,949 Minnesota residents, followed by Somalia with 30,092 and India with 29,695.

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Citizenship

99.6%

2017 Citizenship

99.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.6% of Cass County, MN residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cass County, MN was 99.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cass County, MN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    24k ± 5

  2. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    3.14k ± 118

  3. Two or More Races

    813 ± 116

In 2017, there were 7.64 times more White Alone residents (24k people) in Cass County, MN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.14k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone and 813 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cass County, MN as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Cass County, MN citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Cass County, MN was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Cass County, MN are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,261 ± 83

  2. Korea

    304 ± 53

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    259 ± 57

Cass County, MN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cass County, MN awarded 45 degrees. The student population of Cass County, MN is skewed towards women, with 111 male students and 175 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cass County, MN are American Indian or Alaska Native (42 and 93.3%), followed by White (3 and 6.67%), Asian (0 and 0%), and Black or African American (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Cass County, MN by number of degrees awarded are Leech Lake Tribal College (45 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cass County, MN are General Studies (27 and 60%), General Business Administration & Management (8 and 17.8%), and Early Childhood Education & Teaching (6 and 13.3%).

The median tuition costs in Cass County, MN are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cass County, MN was General Studies with 27 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cass County, MN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

45 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Cass County, MN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Leech Lake Tribal College with 45 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

9

Degrees Awarded to Men

36

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 9 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cass County, MN, which is 0.25 times less than the 36 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cass County, MN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. American Indian or Alaska Native

    42 degrees awarded

  2. White

    3 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    0 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cass County, MN were to American Indian or Alaska Native students. These 42 degrees mean that there were 14 times more American Indian or Alaska Native students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 3 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cass County, MN was $178,700 in 2017, which is 0.821 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $174,000 to $178,700, a 2.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Cass County, MN is 80.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cass County, MN have an average commute time of 21.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cass County, MN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$50,162

Median Household Income

± $1,142

13k

Number of Households

± 382

In 2017, the median household income of the 13k households in Cass County, MN grew to $50,162 from the previous year's value of $47,926.

The following chart displays the households in Cass County, MN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$178,700

2017 Median

± $5,749

$174,000

2016 Median

± $3,480

In 2017, the median property value in Cass County, MN grew to to $178,700 from the previous year's value of $174,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cass County, MN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cass County, MN the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cass County, MN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cass County, MN the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

80.7%

2017 Homeownership

80.7%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 80.7% of the housing units in Cass County, MN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 80.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cass County, MN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cass County, MN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cass County, MN have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cass County, MN have a shorter commute time (21.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.22% of the workforce in Cass County, MN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cass County, MN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    76.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.2%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.98%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cass County, MN was Drove Alone (76.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.2%) and those who Worked At Home (7.98%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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