Cambria County PUMA, PA

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Population

135,871

1.37% decline

Median Age

45


Median Household Income

$44,943

4.72% growth

Poverty Rate

15.6%


Number of Employees

55,856

1.16% decline

Median Property Value

$88,900

0.794% growth

About

In 2017, Cambria County PUMA, PA had a population of 136k people with a median age of 45 and a median household income of $44,943. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cambria County PUMA, PA declined from 137,762 to 135,871, a -1.37% decrease and its median household income grew from $42,917 to $44,943, a 4.72% increase.

The population of Cambria County PUMA, PA is 93% White Alone, 3.15% Black or African American Alone, and 1.62% Two or More Races. 2.69% of the people in Cambria County PUMA, PA speak a non-English language, and 99.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cambria County PUMA, PA are Saint Francis University (778 degrees awarded in 2016), University of Pittsburgh-Johnstown (539 degrees), and Mount Aloysius College (438 degrees).

The median property value in Cambria County PUMA, PA is $88,900, and the homeownership rate is 74.3%. Most people in Cambria County PUMA, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Cambria County PUMA, PA is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Farm, hills and grasslands in rural Pennsylvania.

Economy

The economy of Cambria County PUMA, PA employs 55.9k people. The largest industries in Cambria County PUMA, PA are Hospitals (3,865 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,573 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,514 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of chiropractors ($164,305), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($84,057), and Furniture & related product manufacturing ($81,719).

Median household income in Cambria County PUMA, PA is $44,943. Males in Cambria County PUMA, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,907. The income inequality in Cambria County PUMA, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.425, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$44,943

2017 value

± $969

4.72%

1 Year Growth

± 2.99%

Households in Cambria County PUMA, PA have a median annual income of $44,943, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $42,917 in 2016, which represents a 4.72% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Cambria County PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$53,969

Average Male Salary

± $7,066

$39,907

Average Female Salary

± $5,745

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cambria County PUMA, PA made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cambria County PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $118,103 ± $255,200

  2. Other

    $39,545 ± $52,899

  3. White

    $39,207 ± $3,955

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cambria County PUMA, PA workers was Asian. These workers were paid 2.99 times more than Other workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cambria County PUMA, PA by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.425

2017 Wage GINI

0.421

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Cambria County PUMA, PA was 0.425 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.779% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Cambria County PUMA, PA was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Cambria County PUMA, PA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Cambria County PUMA, PA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cambria County PUMA, PA was Broomall & Ardmore (West) PUMA, PA with a value of $107,007, followed by Bucks County (Central) PUMA, PA and King of Prussia & Ardmore (East) PUMA, PA, with respective values of $104,302 and $103,802.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Cambria County PUMA, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cambria County PUMA, PA (20.1k out of 129k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    16,532 ± 678

  2. Black

    1,748 ± 252

  3. Hispanic

    788 ± 140

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cambria County PUMA, PA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

55.9k

2017 Value

-1.16%

1 Year decline

± -1.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cambria County PUMA, PA declined at a rate of -1.16%, from 56.5k employees to 55.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cambria County PUMA, PA, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,102 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,838 people), and Registered nurses (1,562 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cambria County PUMA, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cambria County PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Secretaries & administrative assistants (2,102 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,838 people), and Registered nurses (1,562 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cambria County PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Doortodoor sales workers, news & street vendors, & related workers (6.37 times higher than expected), Opticians, dispensing (5.86 times), and Power plant operators, distributors, & dispatchers (5.19 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cambria County PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($249,013), Insurance sales agents ($124,594), and Pharmacists ($113,190).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

55.9k

2017 Value

-1.16%

1 Year decline

± -1.16%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cambria County PUMA, PA declined at a rate of -1.16%, from 56.5k employees to 55.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cambria County PUMA, PA, are Hospitals (3,865 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,573 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,514 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cambria County PUMA, PA, though some of these residents may live in Cambria County PUMA, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cambria County PUMA, PA, by number of employees, are Hospitals (3,865 people), Elementary & secondary schools (3,573 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (3,514 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cambria County PUMA, PA has an unusually high number of Coal mining (18.7 times higher than expected), Iron & steel mills & steel product manufacturing (5.46 times), and Other direct selling establishments (5.4 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cambria County PUMA, PA, by average salary, are Offices of chiropractors ($164,305), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($84,057), and Furniture & related product manufacturing ($81,719).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $83B

  2. $50.6B

  3. $49.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $83B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($50.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($49.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$618B

2015 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

54.4% growth

In 2015, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $618B. This is expected to increase 54.4% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $61B

  2. $57.7B

  3. $33.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $61B, followed by New Jersey with $57.7B and Ohio and $33.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.6% of the population of Cambria County PUMA, PA has health coverage, with 47% on employee plans, 16.1% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 14.1% on non-group plans, and 1.47% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Cambria County PUMA, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in Cambria County PUMA, PA see 1232 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1228 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1481 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 559 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

1,232 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Pennsylvania see an average of 1,232 patients per year. This represents a 0.326% increase from the previous year (1,228 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pennsylvania in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.4%

Uninsured

47%

Employer Coverage

16.1%

Medicaid

14.9%

Medicare

14.1%

Non-Group

1.47%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cambria County PUMA, PA stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 6.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cambria County PUMA, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cambria County PUMA, PA is home to a population of 136k people, from which 99.4% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Cambria County PUMA, PA residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Cambria County PUMA, PA is composed of 126k White Alone residents (93%), 4.28k Black or African American Alone residents (3.15%), 2.2k Two or More Races residents (1.62%), 2.1k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.54%), 669 Asian Alone residents (0.492%), 166 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.122%), 60 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0442%), and 22 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0162%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cambria County PUMA, PA are Spanish (1,330 speakers), German (311 speakers), and Arabic (192 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

45

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

48

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cambria County PUMA, PA was 45. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 45, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 48. But people in Cambria County PUMA, PA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cambria County PUMA, PA residents was 45.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

1.17%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.61k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Cambria County PUMA, PA residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cambria County PUMA, PA was 1.17%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cambria County PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Philippines

    204 ± 350 people

  2. China

    187 ± 336 people

  3. Dominican Republic

    127 ± 277 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cambria County PUMA, PA was Philippines, the natal country of 204 Cambria County PUMA, PA residents, followed by China with 187 and Dominican Republic with 127.

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Citizenship

99.4%

2017 Citizenship

99.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.4% of Cambria County PUMA, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cambria County PUMA, PA was 99.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cambria County PUMA, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    126k ± 85

  2. Black or African American Alone

    4.28k ± 274

  3. Two or More Races

    2.2k ± 290

In 2017, there were 29.5 times more White Alone residents (126k people) in Cambria County PUMA, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.28k Black or African American Alone and 2.2k Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Cambria County PUMA, PA as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    1,330 speakers (1.03%)

  2. German

    311 speakers (0.241%)

  3. Arabic

    192 speakers (0.149%)

2.69% of Cambria County PUMA, PA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Cambria County PUMA, PA was Spanish. 1.03% of the overall population of Cambria County PUMA, PA are native Spanish speakers. 0.241% speak German and 0.149% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,358 ± 273

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,476 ± 194

  3. Korea

    1,345 ± 180

Cambria County PUMA, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.95 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Cambria County PUMA, PA awarded 2,448 degrees. The student population of Cambria County PUMA, PA is skewed towards women, with 4,387 male students and 6,106 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cambria County PUMA, PA are White (2,052 and 84.5%), followed by Unknown (156 and 6.43%), Black or African American (100 and 4.12%), and Hispanic or Latino (58 and 2.39%).

The largest universities in Cambria County PUMA, PA by number of degrees awarded are Saint Francis University (778 and 31.8%), University of Pittsburgh-Johnstown (539 and 22%), and Mount Aloysius College (438 and 17.9%).

The most popular majors in Cambria County PUMA, PA are Registered Nursing (264 and 10.8%), Other Allied Health & Medical Assisting Services (185 and 7.56%), and General Business (152 and 6.21%).

The median tuition costs in Cambria County PUMA, PA are $26,477 for private four year colleges, and $12,688 and $23,710 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 83 degrees awarded

  2. 104 degrees awarded

  3. 100 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cambria County PUMA, PA was General Psychology with 83 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cambria County PUMA, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 778 degrees awarded

  2. 539 degrees awarded

  3. 438 degrees awarded

$12,688

Median In-State Public

$26,477

Median Private

In 2016, the Cambria County PUMA, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Saint Francis University with 778 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

914

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,534

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 914 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cambria County PUMA, PA, which is 0.596 times less than the 1,534 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cambria County PUMA, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    2,052 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    156 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    100 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cambria County PUMA, PA were to White students. These 2,052 degrees mean that there were 13.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 156 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cambria County PUMA, PA was $88,900 in 2017, which is 0.409 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $88,200 to $88,900, a 0.794% increase. The homeownership rate in Cambria County PUMA, PA is 74.3%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cambria County PUMA, PA have an average commute time of 23.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cambria County PUMA, PA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$44,943

Median Household Income

± $969

57.2k

Number of Households

± 1,173

In 2017, the median household income of the 57.2k households in Cambria County PUMA, PA grew to $44,943 from the previous year's value of $42,917.

The following chart displays the households in Cambria County PUMA, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$88,900

2017 Median

± $1,438

$88,200

2016 Median

± $1,514

In 2017, the median property value in Cambria County PUMA, PA grew to to $88,900 from the previous year's value of $88,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cambria County PUMA, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cambria County PUMA, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cambria County PUMA, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cambria County PUMA, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

74.3%

2017 Homeownership

74.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 74.3% of the housing units in Cambria County PUMA, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cambria County PUMA, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cambria County PUMA, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cambria County PUMA, PA have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

23.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cambria County PUMA, PA have a shorter commute time (23.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 3.13% of the workforce in Cambria County PUMA, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cambria County PUMA, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.77%

  3. Walked

    2.95%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cambria County PUMA, PA was Drove Alone (83.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.77%) and those who Walked (2.95%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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