Buffalo County, SD

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Population

2,048

0.195% decline

Median Age

25.3


Median Household Income

$30,500

2.53% decline

Poverty Rate

40.5%


Number of Employees

594

2.62% decline

Median Property Value

$51,400

14.3% decline

About

In 2017, Buffalo County, SD had a population of 2.05k people with a median age of 25.3 and a median household income of $30,500. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Buffalo County, SD declined from 2,052 to 2,048, a -0.195% decrease and its median household income declined from $31,293 to $30,500, a -2.53% decrease.

The population of Buffalo County, SD is 81.3% American Indian & Alaska Native Alone, 11.8% White Alone, and 2.39% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Buffalo County, SD speak a non-English language, and 100% are U.S. citizens.

The median property value in Buffalo County, SD is $51,400, and the homeownership rate is 41.9%. Most people in Buffalo County, SD commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 12.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Buffalo County, SD is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: An old school no longer in operation, at the junction of SD Highways 26 & 45, north of Miller, SD

Economy

The economy of Buffalo County, SD employs 594 people. The largest industries in Buffalo County, SD are Public Administration (102 people), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (96 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (86 people), and the highest paying industries are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($39,167), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($37,708), and Public Administration ($29,167).

Median household income in Buffalo County, SD is $30,500. Males in Buffalo County, SD have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,572. The income inequality in Buffalo County, SD (measured using the Gini index) is 0.435, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$30,500

2017 value

± $6,450

-2.53%

1 Year Growth

± 22.9%

Households in Buffalo County, SD have a median annual income of $30,500, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $31,293 in 2016, which represents a -2.53% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Buffalo County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

$53,488

Average Male Salary

± $2,938

$39,572

Average Female Salary

± $2,295

In 2017, full-time male employees in South Dakota made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $42,150 ± $1,819

  2. Asian

    $33,786 ± $14,642

  3. Black

    $29,266 ± $9,870

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of South Dakota workers was White. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in South Dakota by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Buffalo County, SD is from South Dakota.

0.435

2017 Wage GINI

0.433

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.435 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.439% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9402

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Buffalo County, SD was Census Tract 9402 with a value of $30,500, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Buffalo County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

40.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Buffalo County, SD (825 out of 2.04k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males < 5, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 6 - 11.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Native American

    721 ± 77

  2. Pacific Islander

    40 ± 50

  3. White

    34 ± 43

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Buffalo County, SD is Native American, followed by Pacific Islander and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

594

2017 Value

± 85

-2.62%

1 Year decline

± 19.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buffalo County, SD declined at a rate of -2.62%, from 610 employees to 594 employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Buffalo County, SD, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (108 people), Management Occupations (86 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (62 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Buffalo County, SD.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Buffalo County, SD, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (108 people), Management Occupations (86 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (62 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Buffalo County, SD has an unusually high number of residents working as Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (5.73 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (4.33 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (2.26 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Buffalo County, SD, by median earnings, are Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($56,667), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($53,750), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations ($36,635).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

594

2017 Value

± 85

-2.62%

1 Year decline

± 19.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Buffalo County, SD declined at a rate of -2.62%, from 610 employees to 594 employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Buffalo County, SD, are Public Administration (102 people), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (96 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (86 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Buffalo County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Buffalo County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Buffalo County, SD, by number of employees, are Public Administration (102 people), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (96 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (86 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Buffalo County, SD has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (9.39 times higher than expected), Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (7.35 times), and Public Administration (3.68 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Buffalo County, SD, by median earnings, are Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($39,167), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($37,708), and Public Administration ($29,167).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $11.7B

  2. $4.44B

  3. $4.29B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota product (by dollars) was Cereal grains with $11.7B, followed by Other ag prods. ($4.44B) and Live animals/fish ($4.29B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound South Dakota products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for South Dakota state.

$60.8B

2015 Value

$92.2B

Projected 2045 Value

51.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound South Dakota trade was $60.8B. This is expected to increase 51.7% to $92.2B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound South Dakota trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from South Dakota to other states, or from other states to South Dakota.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $7.37B

  2. $2.21B

  3. $1.95B

In 2015, the top outbound South Dakota domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Minnesota with $7.37B, followed by Iowa with $2.21B and Nebraska and $1.95B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that South Dakota shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

52.9% of the population of Buffalo County, SD has health coverage, with 10.6% on employee plans, 28.9% on Medicaid, 6.01% on Medicare, 6.01% on non-group plans, and 1.46% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Buffalo County, SD was $8,933 in 2014. This is a 4.52% increase from the previous year ($8,547).

Primary care physicians in Buffalo County, SD see 2095 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.867% increase from the previous year (2077 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 681 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 409 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.1%). Additionally, Ziebach County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.5%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,095 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Buffalo County, SD see an average of 2,095 patients per year. This represents a 0.867% increase from the previous year (2,077 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Buffalo County, SD in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.

$8,933

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,335

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,056

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,315

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in South Dakota (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.52%, from $8,547 to $8,933.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

47.1%

Uninsured

10.6%

Employer Coverage

28.9%

Medicaid

6.01%

Medicare

6.01%

Non-Group

1.46%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Buffalo County, SD grew by 1.03% from 46.6% to 47.1%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Buffalo County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.1% prevalence

  2. 16.6% prevalence

  3. 16.4% prevalence

Oglala Lakota County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota, at 17.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in South Dakota by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Buffalo County, SD is home to a population of 2.05k people, from which 100% are citizens. As of 2017, 0% of Buffalo County, SD residents were born outside of the country (0 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Buffalo County, SD is composed of 1.66k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (81.3%), 242 White Alone residents (11.8%), 49 Hispanic or Latino residents (2.39%), 45 Two or More Races residents (2.2%), 40 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (1.95%), 8 Black or African American Alone residents (0.391%), 0 Asian Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Buffalo County, SD are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

N/A

Median Native-Born Age

± N/A

N/A

Median Foreign-Born Age

± N/A

In 2017, the median age of all people in Buffalo County, SD was 25.3. Native-born citizens, with a median age of N/A, were generally N/A than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of N/A. But people in Buffalo County, SD are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Buffalo County, SD residents was 25.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

0%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

0 people

0%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

0 people

As of 2017, 0% of Buffalo County, SD residents (0 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Buffalo County, SD was 0%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Buffalo County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    3,093 ± 1,363 people

  2. Ethiopia

    2,119 ± 1,129 people

  3. China

    1,741 ± 1,023 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,093 South Dakota residents, followed by Ethiopia with 2,119 and China with 1,741.

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Citizenship

100%

2017 Citizenship

100%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 100% of Buffalo County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Buffalo County, SD was 100%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been maintaining.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Buffalo County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. American Indian & Alaska Native Alone

    1.66k ± 84

  2. White Alone

    242 ± 54

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    49 ± 44

In 2017, there were 6.88 times more American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.66k people) in Buffalo County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 242 White Alone and 49 Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Buffalo County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Buffalo County, SD citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Buffalo County, SD was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Buffalo County, SD are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    25 ± 17

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    15 ± 14

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    12 ± 14

Buffalo County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.67 times greater than any other conflict.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Buffalo County, SD was $51,400 in 2017, which is 0.236 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $60,000 to $51,400, a 14.3% decrease. The homeownership rate in Buffalo County, SD is 41.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Buffalo County, SD have an average commute time of 12.3 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Buffalo County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$30,500

Median Household Income

± $6,450

530

Number of Households

± 66

In 2017, the median household income of the 530 households in Buffalo County, SD declined from $30,500 from the previous year's value of $31,293.

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$51,400

2017 Median

± $9,897

$60,000

2016 Median

± $21,141

In 2017, the median property value in Buffalo County, SD declined from to $51,400 from the previous year's value of $60,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Buffalo County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo County, SD the largest share of households have a property value in the $40k - $50k range.

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Property Taxes

None

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Buffalo County, SD distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Buffalo County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

41.9%

2017 Homeownership

43.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 41.9% of the housing units in Buffalo County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 43.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Buffalo County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Buffalo County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Buffalo County, SD have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

12.3 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Buffalo County, SD have a shorter commute time (12.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0% of the workforce in Buffalo County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Buffalo County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.8%

  2. Carpooled

    11.3%

  3. Walked

    7.03%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Buffalo County, SD was Drove Alone (75.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.3%) and those who Walked (7.03%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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