Boston, MA

Add Comparison

Population

695,926

1.89% growth

Poverty Rate

20.5%


Median Age

32.1


Median Household Income

$71,834

7.6% growth

Number of Employees

382,784

0.31% growth

Median Property Value

$575,200

6.4% growth

About

In 2018, Boston, MA had a population of 696k people with a median age of 32.1 and a median household income of $71,834. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Boston, MA grew from 683,015 to 695,926, a 1.89% increase and its median household income grew from $66,758 to $71,834, a 7.6% increase.

The population of Boston, MA is 44.4% White Alone, 22.4% Black or African American Alone, and 20% Hispanic or Latino. 36.7% of the people in Boston, MA speak a non-English language, and 86.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Boston, MA are Boston University (10,645 degrees awarded in 2017), Northeastern University (6,652 degrees), and University of Massachusetts-Boston (4,172 degrees).

The median property value in Boston, MA is $575,200, and the homeownership rate is 34.1%. Most people in Boston, MA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 30 minutes. The average car ownership in Boston, MA is 1 car per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Massachusetts.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Massachusetts compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Massachusetts.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Massachusetts across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Economy

The economy of Boston, MA employs 383k people. The largest industries in Boston, MA are Health Care & Social Assistance (71,679 people), Educational Services (52,018 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (51,529 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($232,607), Finance & Insurance ($80,981), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($77,427).

Median household income in Boston, MA is $71,834. Males in Boston, MA have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,042. The income inequality in Boston, MA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.483, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$71,834

2018 value

± $4,237

7.6%

1 Year Growth

± 6.35%

Households in Boston, MA have a median annual income of $71,834, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $66,758 in 2017, which represents a 7.6% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Boston, MA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

$89,637

Average Male Salary

± $1,937

$66,042

Average Female Salary

± $1,326

In 2018, full-time male employees in Massachusetts made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Massachusetts by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $78,414 ± $4,378

  2. White

    $68,799 ± $1,194

  3. Two or More Races

    $52,931 ± $4,910

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Massachusetts workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Massachusetts by number of full-time employees.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Boston, MA is from Massachusetts.

0.483

2018 Wage GINI

0.484

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Massachusetts was 0.483 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.101% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Massachusetts was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Massachusetts in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Massachusetts across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9818

  2. Census Tract 606

  3. Census Tract 401

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Boston, MA was Census Tract 9818 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 606 and Census Tract 401, with respective values of $151,250 and $151,250.

The following map shows all of the places in Boston, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

20.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Boston, MA (129k out of 626k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    47,201 ± 1,534

  2. Black

    39,639 ± 1,495

  3. Hispanic

    39,035 ± 1,355

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Boston, MA is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Occupations

Employment by Occupations

383k

2018 Value

± 10,530

0.31%

1 Year growth

± 3.9%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Boston, MA grew at a rate of 0.31%, from 382k employees to 383k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Boston, MA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (42,892 people), Management Occupations (39,703 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (33,965 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Boston, MA.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Boston, MA, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (42,892 people), Management Occupations (39,703 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (33,965 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Boston, MA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (3.2 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.97 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.56 times).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Boston, MA, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($101,046), Legal Occupations ($100,205), and Management Occupations ($80,616).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Industries

Employment by Industries

383k

2018 Value

± 10,530

0.31%

1 Year growth

± 3.9%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Boston, MA grew at a rate of 0.31%, from 382k employees to 383k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Boston, MA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (71,679 people), Educational Services (52,018 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (51,529 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Boston, MA, though some of these residents may live in Boston, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Common

The most common industries in Boston, MA, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (71,679 people), Educational Services (52,018 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (51,529 people).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Boston, MA has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.79 times higher than expected), Finance & Insurance (1.55 times), and Educational Services (1.48 times) industries.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Boston, MA, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($232,607), Finance & Insurance ($80,981), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($77,427).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $30.9B

  2. $29.2B

  3. $27.7B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts product (by dollars) was Gasoline with $30.9B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.2B) and Electronics ($27.7B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Massachusetts products.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Massachusetts state.

$260B

2020 Value

$364B

Projected 2045 Value

40% growth

In 2020, total outbound Massachusetts trade was $260B. This is expected to increase 40% to $364B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Massachusetts trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Massachusetts to other states, or from other states to Massachusetts.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $14.6B

  2. $13.9B

  3. $13.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Massachusetts domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $14.6B, followed by Connecticut with $13.9B and New Hampshire and $13.9B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Massachusetts shares with each state (excluding itself).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

96.4% of the population of Boston, MA has health coverage, with 51.9% on employee plans, 26.4% on Medicaid, 6.68% on Medicare, 10.9% on non-group plans, and 0.432% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Boston, MA was $10,559 in 2014. This is a 2.78% increase from the previous year ($10,273).

Primary care physicians in Boston, MA see 667 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.603% increase from the previous year (663 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 507 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 140 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (11.4%). Additionally, Bristol County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Suffolk County, MA.

667 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Suffolk County, MA see an average of 667 patients per year. This represents a 0.603% increase from the previous year (663 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Suffolk County, MA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.

$10,559

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,302

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,922

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,899

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Massachusetts (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 2.78%, from $10,273 to $10,559.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Coverage

3.62%

Uninsured

51.9%

Employer Coverage

26.4%

Medicaid

6.68%

Medicare

10.9%

Non-Group

0.432%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Boston, MA grew by 18.5% from 3.06% to 3.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Boston, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 11.4% prevalence

  2. 11.1% prevalence

  3. 10.8% prevalence

Bristol County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts, at 11.4%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Massachusetts by county over multiple years.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Diversity

Boston, MA is home to a population of 696k people, from which 86.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 27.8% of Boston, MA residents were born outside of the country (190k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Boston, MA is composed of 309k White Alone residents (44.4%), 156k Black or African American Alone residents (22.4%), 139k Hispanic or Latino residents (20%), 64.9k Asian Alone residents (9.33%), 19.4k Two or More Races residents (2.79%), 5.51k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.791%), 1.71k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.245%), and 165 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0237%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Boston, MA are Spanish (108,761 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (27,839 speakers), and Haitian (26,768 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

42

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Boston, MA was 32.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 42. But people in Boston, MA are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Boston, MA residents was 32.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

27.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

190k people

27%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

182k people

As of 2017, 27.8% of Boston, MA residents (190k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Boston, MA was 27%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Boston, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Massachusetts.

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    100,431 ± 7,724 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    97,136 ± 7,598 people

  3. Brazil

    81,900 ± 6,984 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Massachusetts was China, the natal country of 100,431 Massachusetts residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 97,136 and Brazil with 81,900.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Citizenship

86.4%

2018 Citizenship

85.2%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 86.4% of Boston, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Boston, MA was 85.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Boston, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    309k ± 5.94k

  2. Black or African American Alone

    156k ± 3.62k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    139k ± 11.4k

In 2018, there were 1.99 times more White Alone residents (309k people) in Boston, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 156k Black or African American Alone and 139k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Boston, MA as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    108,761 speakers (16.5%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    27,839 speakers (4.21%)

  3. Haitian

    26,768 speakers (4.05%)

36.7% of Boston, MA citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is higher than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Boston, MA was Spanish. 16.5% of the overall population of Boston, MA are native Spanish speakers. 4.21% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 4.05% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    5,227 ± 1,286

  2. Vietnam

    4,840 ± 1,153

  3. Korea

    1,516 ± 1,108

Boston, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Education

In 2017, universities in Boston, MA awarded 42,430 degrees. The student population of Boston, MA is skewed towards women, with 63,167 male students and 86,573 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Boston, MA are White (19,098 and 55.9%), followed by Asian (3,744 and 11%), Unknown (3,617 and 10.6%), and Hispanic or Latino (3,474 and 10.2%).

The largest universities in Boston, MA by number of degrees awarded are Boston University (10,645 and 25.1%), Northeastern University (6,652 and 15.7%), and University of Massachusetts-Boston (4,172 and 9.83%).

The most popular majors in Boston, MA are General Business Administration & Management (3,067 and 7.23%), Registered Nursing (1,207 and 2.84%), and General Business (1,203 and 2.84%).

The median tuition costs in Boston, MA are $36,039 for private four year colleges, and $13,503 and $32,660 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 1,918 degrees awarded

  2. 975 degrees awarded

  3. 827 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Boston, MA was General Business Administration & Management with 1,918 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Boston, MA according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 10,645 degrees awarded

  2. 6,652 degrees awarded

  3. 4,172 degrees awarded

$13,503

Median In-State Public

$36,039

Median Private

In 2017, the Boston, MA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Boston University with 10,645 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Gender for Common Institutions

16,936

Degrees Awarded to Men

25,494

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 16,936 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Boston, MA, which is 0.664 times less than the 25,494 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Boston, MA by degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    19,098 degrees awarded

  2. Asian

    3,744 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    3,617 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Boston, MA were to White students. These 19,098 degrees mean that there were 5.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 3,744 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in Boston, MA was $575,200 in 2018, which is 2.5 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $540,600 to $575,200, a 6.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Boston, MA is 34.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Boston, MA have an average commute time of 30 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Boston, MA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$575,200

2018 Median

± $17,125

$540,600

2017 Median

± $20,442

In 2018, the median property value in Boston, MA grew to to $575,200 from the previous year's value of $540,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Boston, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boston, MA the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$71,834

Median Household Income

± $4,237

275k

Number of Households

± 8,657

In 2018, the median household income of the 275k households in Boston, MA grew to $71,834 from the previous year's value of $66,758.

The following chart displays the households in Boston, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Boston, MA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boston, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

34.1%

2018 Homeownership

35.2%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 34.1% of the housing units in Boston, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 35.2%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Boston, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

30 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Boston, MA have a longer commute time (30 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.16% of the workforce in Boston, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Boston, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    38.5%

  2. Public Transit

    32.2%

  3. Walked

    15.4%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Boston, MA was Drove Alone (38.5%), followed by those who Public Transit (32.2%) and those who Walked (15.4%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Boston, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Boston, MA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart