Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL

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Population

96,614

0.449% decline

Median Household Income

$29,582

5.85% growth

Number of Employees

36,499

0.493% growth

Median Property Value

$72,400

0.138% decline

About

In 2017, Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL had a population of 96.6k people with a median age of N/A and a median household income of $29,582. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL declined from 97,050 to 96,614, a -0.449% decrease and its median household income grew from $27,948 to $29,582, a 5.85% increase.

The population of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is 90.7% Black or African American Alone, 5.18% White Alone, and 2.76% Hispanic or Latino. 3.72% of the people in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are Lawson State Community College-Birmingham Campus (496 degrees awarded in 2016), Birmingham Southern College (273 degrees), and Miles College (233 degrees).

The median property value in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is $72,400, and the homeownership rate is 51.1%. Most people in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL employs 36.5k people. The largest industries in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are Restaurants & Food Services (3,235 people), Hospitals (2,853 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (1,410 people), and the highest paying industries are Computer Systems Design ($68,094), Wired telecommunications carriers ($67,784), and Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($60,462).

Median household income in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is $29,582. Males in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.13 times higher than the average income of females, which is $32,594. The income inequality in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.408, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,582

2017 value

± $1,133

5.85%

1 Year Growth

± 6.27%

Households in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL have a median annual income of $29,582, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,948 in 2016, which represents a 5.85% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$36,675

Average Male Salary

± $6,510

$32,594

Average Female Salary

± $5,366

In 2017, full-time male employees in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL made 1.13 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $30,083 ± $21,849

  2. Black

    $29,332 ± $3,614

  3. Other

    $22,501 ± $10,522

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than Black workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.408

2017 Wage GINI

0.399

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was 0.408 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.22% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2017, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $79,878, followed by Shelby County PUMA, AL and Huntsville City (Far West & Southwest) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $73,031 and $67,499.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

N/A% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL (N/A out of N/A people) live below the poverty line, a number that is approximately the same as the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    25,198 ± 1,165

  2. White

    1,434 ± 280

  3. Hispanic

    821 ± 201

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

36.5k

2017 Value

0.493%

1 Year growth

± 0.493%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.493%, from 36.3k employees to 36.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, are Janitors & building cleaners (1,747 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,697 people), and Cashiers (1,302 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Janitors & building cleaners (1,747 people), Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,697 people), and Cashiers (1,302 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Home appliance repairers (14.8 times higher than expected), Interviewers, except eligibility & loan (6.14 times), and Bill & account collectors (4.95 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Miscellaneous engineers, including nuclear engineers ($65,199), Registered nurses ($62,409), and Firstline supervisors of nonretail sales workers ($57,701).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

36.5k

2017 Value

0.493%

1 Year growth

± 0.493%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.493%, from 36.3k employees to 36.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,235 people), Hospitals (2,853 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (1,410 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (3,235 people), Hospitals (2,853 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (1,410 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL has an unusually high number of Other general government & support (5.57 times higher than expected), Iron & steel mills & steel product manufacturing (5.29 times), and Drycleaning & laundry services (3.94 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, by average salary, are Computer Systems Design ($68,094), Wired telecommunications carriers ($67,784), and Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($60,462).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.7% of the population of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 31.8% on employee plans, 27.7% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 10.1% on non-group plans, and 2.32% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL see 1535 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1552 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2139 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1185 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

1,535 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,535 patients per year. This represents a 1.1% decrease from the previous year (1,552 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.3%

Uninsured

31.8%

Employer Coverage

27.7%

Medicaid

11.7%

Medicare

10.1%

Non-Group

2.32%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 16.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is home to a population of 96.6k people, from which 98.3% are citizens. As of 2017, N/A% of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is composed of 87.6k Black or African American Alone residents (90.7%), 5k White Alone residents (5.18%), 2.67k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.76%), 819 Two or More Races residents (0.848%), 262 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.271%), 117 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.121%), 103 Asian Alone residents (0.107%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are Spanish (2,669 speakers), French (Incl. Cajun) (271 speakers), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (82 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

33

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.1

In N/A, the median age of all people in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was N/A. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 33. But people in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are getting N/A. In N/A, the average age of all Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL residents was N/A.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

N/A%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

N/A people

2.28%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.21k people

As of 2017, N/A% of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL residents (N/A people) were born outside of the United States, which is approximately the same as the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was 2.28%, meaning that the rate has been maintaining.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    1,236 ± 858 people

  2. Jamaica

    164 ± 314 people

  3. El Salvador

    100 ± 245 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was Mexico, the natal country of 1,236 Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL residents, followed by Jamaica with 164 and El Salvador with 100.

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Citizenship

98.3%

2017 Citizenship

98.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.3% of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    87.6k ± 1.83k

  2. White Alone

    5k ± 548

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    2.67k ± 590

In 2017, there were 17.5 times more Black or African American Alone residents (87.6k people) in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 5k White Alone and 2.67k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    2,669 speakers (2.94%)

  2. French (Incl. Cajun)

    271 speakers (0.299%)

  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    82 speakers (0.0904%)

3.72% of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.8%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was Spanish. 2.94% of the overall population of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are native Spanish speakers. 0.299% speak French (Incl. Cajun) and 0.0904% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,160 ± 260

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    888 ± 201

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    708 ± 175

Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.43 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL awarded 1,185 degrees. The student population of Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is skewed towards women, with 3,067 male students and 3,744 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are Black or African American (669 and 56.6%), followed by White (448 and 37.9%), Asian (18 and 1.52%), and Unknown (18 and 1.52%).

The largest universities in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Lawson State Community College-Birmingham Campus (496 and 41.9%), Birmingham Southern College (273 and 23%), and Miles College (233 and 19.7%).

The most popular majors in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are General Business Administration & Management (103 and 8.69%), Emergency Medical Technician (EMT Paramedic) (90 and 7.59%), and HVAC & Refrigeration Engineering Technology (76 and 6.41%).

The median tuition costs in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL are $21,916 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration with 62 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 496 degrees awarded

  2. 273 degrees awarded

  3. 233 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$21,916

Median Private

In 2016, the Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lawson State Community College-Birmingham Campus with 496 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

607

Degrees Awarded to Men

578

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 607 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL, which is 1.05 times more than the 578 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Black or African American

    669 degrees awarded

  2. White

    448 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    18 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL were to Black or African American students. These 669 degrees mean that there were 1.49 times more Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 448 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was $72,400 in 2017, which is 0.333 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $72,500 to $72,400, a 0.138% decrease. The homeownership rate in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is 51.1%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 22.2 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,582

Median Household Income

± $1,133

39.6k

Number of Households

± 1,300

In 2017, the median household income of the 39.6k households in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL grew to $29,582 from the previous year's value of $27,948.

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$72,400

2017 Median

± $1,412

$72,500

2016 Median

± $1,481

In 2017, the median property value in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL declined from to $72,400 from the previous year's value of $72,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

51.1%

2017 Homeownership

51.6%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 51.1% of the housing units in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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Commute Time

22.2 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (22.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.68% of the workforce in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    78.9%

  2. Carpooled

    13.4%

  3. Public Transit

    2.86%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Birmingham City (West) PUMA, AL was Drove Alone (78.9%), followed by those who Carpooled (13.4%) and those who Public Transit (2.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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