Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH

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Population

126,668

0.605% growth

Poverty Rate

37.9%


Median Age

32.4


Median Household Income

$28,948

7.05% growth

Number of Employees

50,012

3.05% growth

Median Property Value

$69,700

1.31% growth

About

In 2017, Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH had a population of 127k people with a median age of 32.4 and a median household income of $28,948. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH grew from 125,906 to 126,668, a 0.605% increase and its median household income grew from $27,041 to $28,948, a 7.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (46.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (30.5%), White (Hispanic) (8.94%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (5.29%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.83%). 18.9% of the people in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH speak a non-English language, and 96.3% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are Cuyahoga Community College District (4,318 degrees awarded in 2017), Cleveland State University (4,193 degrees), and Ohio Technical College (564 degrees).

The median property value in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is $69,700, and the homeownership rate is 35.9%. Most people in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is 1 car per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH employs 50k people. The largest industries in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are Restaurants & Food Services (4,886 people), Hospitals (3,422 people), and Construction (1,961 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of physicians ($157,959), Not specified retail trade ($135,933), and Legal services ($97,030).

Median household income in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is $28,948. Males in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,596. The income inequality in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$28,948

2017 value

± $1,142

7.05%

1 Year Growth

± 5.22%

Households in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH have a median annual income of $28,948, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,041 in 2016, which represents a 7.05% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$51,558

Average Male Salary

± $8,557

$40,596

Average Female Salary

± $7,465

In 2017, full-time male employees in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $43,366 ± $46,315

  2. White

    $42,641 ± $6,006

  3. American Indian

    $34,496 ± $21,837

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.478

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.44% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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In 2018, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was Loveland, Montgomery Cities & Forestville PUMA, OH with a value of $102,977, followed by Delaware County PUMA, OH and Monroe City & Beckett Ridge PUMA, OH, with respective values of $99,881 and $96,617.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

37.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH (46.4k out of 123k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    21,506 ± 997

  2. White

    18,387 ± 962

  3. Hispanic

    8,082 ± 572

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

50k

2017 Value

3.05%

1 Year growth

± 3.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH grew at a rate of 3.05%, from 48.5k employees to 50k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, are Cashiers (1,707 people), Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (1,341 people), and Customer service representatives (1,283 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, by number of employees, are Cashiers (1,707 people), Nursing, psychiatric, & home health aides (1,341 people), and Customer service representatives (1,283 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Machine tool cutting setters, operators, & tenders, metal & plastic (5.22 times higher than expected), Personal care & service workers, all other (4.59 times), and Electrical, electronics, & electromechanical assemblers (3.71 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, by average salary, are Physicians & surgeons ($128,332), Lawyers, & judges, magistrates, & other judicial workers ($121,495), and General & operations managers ($117,348).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

50k

2017 Value

3.05%

1 Year growth

± 3.05%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH grew at a rate of 3.05%, from 48.5k employees to 50k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,886 people), Hospitals (3,422 people), and Construction (1,961 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, by number of employees, are Restaurants & Food Services (4,886 people), Hospitals (3,422 people), and Construction (1,961 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other pumas, Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH has an unusually high number of Paint, coating, & adhesive manufacturing (12.9 times higher than expected), Gift, novelty, & souvenir shops (7.65 times), and Metal forgings & stampings (5.44 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, by average salary, are Offices of physicians ($157,959), Not specified retail trade ($135,933), and Legal services ($97,030).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87% of the population of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH has health coverage, with 30% on employee plans, 41.7% on Medicaid, 7.15% on Medicare, 6.82% on non-group plans, and 1.37% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the puma of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH see 1307 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1300 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1656 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 561 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

1,307 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Ohio see an average of 1,307 patients per year. This represents a 0.538% increase from the previous year (1,300 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Ohio in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13%

Uninsured

30%

Employer Coverage

41.7%

Medicaid

7.15%

Medicare

6.82%

Non-Group

1.37%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2016, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 13%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is home to a population of 127k people, from which 96.3% are citizens. As of 2016, 6.03% of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH residents were born outside of the country (7.59k people).

In 2017, there were 1.51 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (58.4k people) in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 38.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 11.3k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are Spanish (16,060 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (1,273 speakers), and Arabic (999 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.4

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was 32.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.03%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.59k people

6.3%

2015 Foreign-Born Population

7.92k people

As of 2016, 6.03% of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH residents (7.59k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2015, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was 6.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. China

    1,173 ± 837 people

  2. Dominican Republic

    820 ± 701 people

  3. India

    554 ± 577 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was China, the natal country of 1,173 Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH residents, followed by Dominican Republic with 820 and India with 554.

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Citizenship

96.3%

2017 Citizenship

96.5%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.3% of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was 96.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    58.4k ± 1.59k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    38.6k ± 1.45k

  3. White (Hispanic)

    11.3k ± 1.07k

In 2017, there were 1.51 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (58.4k people) in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 38.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 11.3k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    16,060 speakers (13.7%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    1,273 speakers (1.08%)

  3. Arabic

    999 speakers (0.851%)

18.9% of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2017, the most common non-English language spoken in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was Spanish. 13.7% of the overall population of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are native Spanish speakers. 1.08% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 0.851% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,168 ± 276

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    710 ± 146

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    598 ± 160

Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.05 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH awarded 9,312 degrees. The student population of Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is skewed towards women, with 17,903 male students and 23,635 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are White (5,774 and 66.7%), followed by Black or African American (1,810 and 20.9%), Hispanic or Latino (365 and 4.21%), and Unknown (259 and 2.99%).

The largest universities in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH by number of degrees awarded are Cuyahoga Community College District (4,318 and 46.4%), Cleveland State University (4,193 and 45%), and Ohio Technical College (564 and 6.06%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,926 and 20.7%), General Business Administration & Management (439 and 4.71%), and Registered Nursing (355 and 3.81%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $9,636 and $13,687 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 273 degrees awarded

  2. 96 degrees awarded

  3. 1,917 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was Registered Nursing with 273 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,318 degrees awarded

  2. 4,193 degrees awarded

  3. 564 degrees awarded

$9,636

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cuyahoga Community College District with 4,318 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

4,046

Degrees Awarded to Men

5,266

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 4,046 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH, which is 0.768 times less than the 5,266 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,774 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,810 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    365 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH were to White students. These 5,774 degrees mean that there were 3.19 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,810 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was $69,700 in 2017, which is 0.303 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $68,800 to $69,700, a 1.31% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is 35.9%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH have an average commute time of 21.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$69,700

2017 Median

± $1,960

$68,800

2016 Median

± $1,890

In 2017, the median property value in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH grew to to $69,700 from the previous year's value of $68,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $70k - $80k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$28,948

Median Household Income

± $1,142

54.1k

Number of Households

± 1,426

In 2017, the median household income of the 54.1k households in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH grew to $28,948 from the previous year's value of $27,041.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

35.9%

2017 Homeownership

36.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 35.9% of the housing units in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 36.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH have a shorter commute time (21.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.78% of the workforce in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    70.6%

  2. Carpooled

    10.5%

  3. Walked

    7.48%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH was Drove Alone (70.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.5%) and those who Walked (7.48%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland City (Central) PUMA, OH have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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