Ponce, PR

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Population

120,295

2.46% decline

Poverty Rate

50.9%


Median Age

40


Median Household Income

$16,729

0.282% growth

Number of Employees

31,182

4.19% decline

Median Property Value

$100,400

0.888% decline

About

In 2017, Ponce, PR had a population of 120k people with a median age of 40 and a median household income of $16,729. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Ponce, PR declined from 123,328 to 120,295, a -2.46% decrease and its median household income grew from $16,682 to $16,729, a 0.282% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Ponce, PR are White (Hispanic) (79.8%), Two or More Races (Hispanic) (7.81%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (6.6%), Black or African American (Hispanic) (4.83%), and White (Non-Hispanic) (0.552%). N/A% of the people in Ponce, PR speak a non-English language, and N/A% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Ponce, PR are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,276 degrees awarded in 2017), Ponce Paramedical College Inc (748 degrees), and University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (449 degrees).

The median property value in Ponce, PR is $100,400, and the homeownership rate is 63.4%. Most people in Ponce, PR commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Ponce, PR is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

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Impact on Employment

N/A

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in undefined (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

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Economy

The economy of Ponce, PR employs 31.2k people. The largest industries in Ponce, PR are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,581 people), Retail Trade (4,515 people), and Educational Services (4,213 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($31,048), Public Administration ($26,695), and Finance & Insurance ($24,766).

Median household income in Ponce, PR is $16,729. Males in Ponce, PR have an average income that is 1.08 times higher than the average income of females, which is $30,196. The income inequality in Ponce, PR (measured using the Gini index) is 0.441, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$16,729

2017 value

± $549

0.282%

1 Year Growth

± 4.49%

Households in Ponce, PR have a median annual income of $16,729, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $16,682 in 2016, which represents a 0.282% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Ponce, PR compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$32,513

Average Male Salary

± $1,346

$30,196

Average Female Salary

± $1,178

In 2017, full-time male employees in N/A made 1.08 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in N/A by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. White

    $27,537 ± $947

  2. American Indian

    $26,767 ± $17,278

  3. Two or More Races

    $24,326 ± $2,543

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of N/A workers was White. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in N/A by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.441

2017 Wage GINI

0.436

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in N/A was 0.441 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.17% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for N/A was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in N/A in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in N/A across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 730.10

  2. Census Tract 705.03

  3. Census Tract 721.02

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Ponce, PR was Census Tract 730.10 with a value of $32,284, followed by Census Tract 705.03 and Census Tract 721.02, with respective values of $31,370 and $30,078.

The following map shows all of the places in Ponce, PR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

50.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Ponce, PR (60.9k out of 120k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    60,518 ± 1,345

  2. White

    47,277 ± 1,256

  3. Two Or More

    6,307 ± 577

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Ponce, PR is Hispanic, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

31.2k

2017 Value

± 1,189

-4.19%

1 Year decline

± 5.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ponce, PR declined at a rate of -4.19%, from 32.5k employees to 31.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Ponce, PR, are Sales & Related Occupations (4,888 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,036 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,565 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (4,888 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,036 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,565 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Ponce, PR has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.31 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.08 times), and Legal Occupations (1.6 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Ponce, PR, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($50,600), Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations ($41,875), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($41,597).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

31.2k

2017 Value

± 1,189

-4.19%

1 Year decline

± 5.49%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Ponce, PR declined at a rate of -4.19%, from 32.5k employees to 31.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Ponce, PR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,581 people), Retail Trade (4,515 people), and Educational Services (4,213 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Ponce, PR, though some of these residents may live in Ponce, PR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Ponce, PR, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (4,581 people), Retail Trade (4,515 people), and Educational Services (4,213 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Ponce, PR has an unusually high number of Public Administration (1.61 times higher than expected), Utilities (1.53 times), and Educational Services (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Ponce, PR, by median earnings, are Utilities ($31,048), Public Administration ($26,695), and Finance & Insurance ($24,766).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from N/A to other states, or from other states to N/A.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

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    false

  2. false

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  3. false

    false

In 2015, the top outbound N/A product (by dollars) was false with false, followed by false (false) and false (false).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound N/A products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

N/A

N/A Value

N/A

Projected N/A Value

N/A N/A

In N/A, total outbound N/A trade was N/A. This is expected to N/A N/A to N/A by N/A.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound N/A trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from N/A to other states, or from other states to N/A.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

In 2015, the top outbound N/A domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was N/A with N/A, followed by N/A with N/A and N/A and N/A.

The following map shows the amount of trade that N/A shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95% of the population of Ponce, PR has health coverage, with 20.5% on employee plans, 49.7% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 9.84% on non-group plans, and 1.25% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Ponce, PR was N/A in N/A. This is a 0% change from the previous year (N/A).

Primary care physicians in Ponce, PR see N/A patients per year on average, which represents a N/A N/A from the previous year (N/A patients). Compare this to dentists who see N/A patients per year, and mental health providers who see N/A patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes (N/A). Additionally, undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of adult obesity (N/A)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

N/A to 1

N/A

N/A in N/A see an average of N/A patients per year. This represents a N/A N/A from the previous year (N/A patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by N/A has been changing over time in N/A in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

N/A

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

N/A

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

N/A

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

N/A

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

N/A

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between N/A and N/A, all personal health care spending per capita in undefined (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) stayed 0%, from N/A to N/A.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

5.03%

Uninsured

20.5%

Employer Coverage

49.7%

Medicaid

13.6%

Medicare

9.84%

Non-Group

1.25%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Ponce, PR declined by 0.755% from 5.07% to 5.03%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Ponce, PR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

N/A

Most at risk counties

  1. N/A

    N/A

  2. N/A

    N/A

  3. N/A

    N/A

undefined, undefined, and undefined have the highest prevalence of diabetes in N/A, at N/A.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in N/A by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Ponce, PR is home to a population of 120k people, from which N/A% are citizens. As of N/A, N/A% of Ponce, PR residents were born outside of the country (N/A people).

In 2017, there were 10.2 times more White (Hispanic) residents (96.1k people) in Ponce, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.4k Two or More Races (Hispanic) and 7.94k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

40

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

54

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Ponce, PR was 40. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 40, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 54. But people in Ponce, PR are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Ponce, PR residents was 39.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. Dominican Republic

    55,958 ± 5,761 people

  2. Cuba

    11,998 ± 2,685 people

  3. Colombia

    3,422 ± 1,435 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of N/A was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 55,958 N/A residents, followed by Cuba with 11,998 and Colombia with 3,422.

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Citizenship

N/A Citizenship

  1. N/A%

  2. N/A%

As of N/A, N/A% of Ponce, PR residents were US citizens, which is approximately the same as the national average of 93.2%. In N/A, the percentage of US citizens in Ponce, PR was N/A%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been N/A.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Ponce, PR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Ponce, PR

  1. White (Hispanic)

    96.1k ± 2.03k

  2. Two or More Races (Hispanic)

    9.4k ± 1.2k

  3. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    7.94k ± 1.24k

In 2017, there were 10.2 times more White (Hispanic) residents (96.1k people) in Ponce, PR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 9.4k Two or More Races (Hispanic) and 7.94k Some Other Race (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Ponce, PR as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,505 ± 202

  2. Korea

    786 ± 148

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    444 ± 154

Ponce, PR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.91 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Ponce, PR awarded 4,178 degrees. The student population of Ponce, PR is skewed towards women, with 6,136 male students and 9,069 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Ponce, PR are Hispanic or Latino (4,145 and 99.4%), followed by Unknown (18 and 0.432%), White (5 and 0.12%), and Asian (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in Ponce, PR by number of degrees awarded are Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (1,276 and 30.5%), Ponce Paramedical College Inc (748 and 17.9%), and University of Puerto Rico-Ponce (449 and 10.7%).

The most popular majors in Ponce, PR are Registered Nursing (273 and 6.53%), Other Electrical Engineering Technology (254 and 6.08%), and Law (139 and 3.33%).

The median tuition costs in Ponce, PR are $4,632 for private four year colleges, and $1,895 and $3,917 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 129 degrees awarded

  2. 82 degrees awarded

  3. 80 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Ponce, PR was Registered Nursing with 129 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Ponce, PR according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,276 degrees awarded

  2. 748 degrees awarded

  3. 449 degrees awarded

$1,895

Median In-State Public

$4,632

Median Private

In 2017, the Ponce, PR institution with the largest number of graduating students was Pontifical Catholic University of Puerto Rico-Ponce with 1,276 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,867

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,311

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,867 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Ponce, PR, which is 0.808 times less than the 2,311 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Ponce, PR by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    4,145 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    18 degrees awarded

  3. White

    5 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Ponce, PR were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 4,145 degrees mean that there were 230 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 18 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Ponce, PR was $100,400 in 2017, which is 0.437 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $101,300 to $100,400, a 0.888% decrease. The homeownership rate in Ponce, PR is 63.4%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Ponce, PR have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Ponce, PR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$100,400

2017 Median

± $2,013

$101,300

2016 Median

± $2,386

In 2017, the median property value in Ponce, PR declined from to $100,400 from the previous year's value of $101,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Ponce, PR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce, PR the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$16,729

Median Household Income

± $549

44.4k

Number of Households

± 1,232

In 2017, the median household income of the 44.4k households in Ponce, PR grew to $16,729 from the previous year's value of $16,682.

The following chart displays the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

None

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Ponce, PR the largest share of households pay taxes in the None range.

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Rent vs Own

63.4%

2017 Homeownership

62.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 63.4% of the housing units in Ponce, PR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Ponce, PR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Ponce, PR have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.39% of the workforce in Ponce, PR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Ponce, PR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    86.7%

  2. Carpooled

    7.13%

  3. Walked

    2.37%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Ponce, PR was Drove Alone (86.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.13%) and those who Walked (2.37%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Ponce, PR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Ponce, PR have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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