Milwaukee, WI

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Population

592,002

0.565% decline

Median Age

31.5


Median Household Income

$42,087

7.64% growth

Poverty Rate

27.4%


Number of Employees

276,819

1.75% growth

Median Property Value

$126,300

3.27% growth

About

In 2018, Milwaukee, WI had a population of 592k people with a median age of 31.5 and a median household income of $42,087. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Milwaukee, WI declined from 595,365 to 592,002, a -0.565% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,098 to $42,087, a 7.64% increase.

The population of Milwaukee, WI is 37.6% Black or African American Alone, 34.5% White Alone, and 20.2% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Milwaukee, WI speak a non-English language, and 93.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Milwaukee, WI are University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (5,725 degrees awarded in 2017), Marquette University (3,364 degrees), and Milwaukee Area Technical College (3,209 degrees).

The median property value in Milwaukee, WI is $126,300, and the homeownership rate is 41.8%. Most people in Milwaukee, WI commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Milwaukee, WI is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Milwaukee Art Museum, Quadracci Pavilion (arch: Santiago Calatrava; 1994-2001). South facade. Milwaukee WI

Economy

The economy of Milwaukee, WI employs 277k people. The largest industries in Milwaukee, WI are Health Care & Social Assistance (47,607 people), Manufacturing (41,773 people), and Retail Trade (29,560 people), and the highest paying industries are Finance & Insurance ($55,081), Utilities ($54,954), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,843).

Median household income in Milwaukee, WI is $42,087. Males in Milwaukee, WI have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,745. The income inequality in Milwaukee, WI (measured using the Gini index) is 0.441, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$42,087

2018 value

± $1,495

7.64%

1 Year Growth

± 5.1%

Households in Milwaukee, WI have a median annual income of $42,087, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,098 in 2017, which represents a 7.64% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Milwaukee, WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Wisconsin.

$64,874

Average Male Salary

± $1,364

$47,745

Average Female Salary

± $994

In 2018, full-time male employees in Wisconsin made 1.36 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Wisconsin by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Wisconsin.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $62,272 ± $34,034

  2. White

    $49,813 ± $828

  3. Two or More Races

    $48,430 ± $8,009

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Wisconsin workers was American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Wisconsin by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Milwaukee, WI is from Wisconsin.

0.441

2018 Wage GINI

0.452

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Wisconsin was 0.441 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.52% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Wisconsin was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Wisconsin in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Wisconsin across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 4702.04

  2. Census Tract 75

  3. Census Tract 74

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Milwaukee, WI was Census Tract 4702.04 with a value of $129,844, followed by Census Tract 75 and Census Tract 74, with respective values of $101,083 and $94,167.

The following map shows all of the places in Milwaukee, WI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

27.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Milwaukee, WI (160k out of 583k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    83,329 ± 1,771

  2. White

    46,349 ± 1,353

  3. Hispanic

    34,145 ± 1,134

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Milwaukee, WI is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

277k

2018 Value

± 8,129

1.75%

1 Year growth

± 4.15%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Milwaukee, WI grew at a rate of 1.75%, from 272k employees to 277k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Milwaukee, WI, are Production Occupations (30,230 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (29,550 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (24,439 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Milwaukee, WI.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Milwaukee, WI, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (30,230 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (29,550 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (24,439 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Milwaukee, WI has an unusually high number of residents working as Healthcare Support Occupations (2.04 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.47 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Milwaukee, WI, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($83,445), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,887), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($66,989).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

277k

2018 Value

± 8,129

1.75%

1 Year growth

± 4.15%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Milwaukee, WI grew at a rate of 1.75%, from 272k employees to 277k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Milwaukee, WI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (47,607 people), Manufacturing (41,773 people), and Retail Trade (29,560 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Milwaukee, WI, though some of these residents may live in Milwaukee, WI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Milwaukee, WI, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (47,607 people), Manufacturing (41,773 people), and Retail Trade (29,560 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Milwaukee, WI has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.55 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.49 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.24 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Milwaukee, WI, by median earnings, are Finance & Insurance ($55,081), Utilities ($54,954), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,843).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Wisconsin to other states, or from other states to Wisconsin.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $41.9B

  2. $30.3B

  3. $29.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Wisconsin product (by dollars) was Other foodstuffs with $41.9B, followed by Machinery ($30.3B) and Mixed freight ($29.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Wisconsin products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Wisconsin state.

$356B

2020 Value

$493B

Projected 2045 Value

38.5% growth

In 2020, total outbound Wisconsin trade was $356B. This is expected to increase 38.5% to $493B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Wisconsin trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Wisconsin to other states, or from other states to Wisconsin.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.3B

  2. $29.3B

  3. $11.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Wisconsin domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $31.3B, followed by Minnesota with $29.3B and Michigan and $11.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Wisconsin shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Milwaukee, WI has health coverage, with 42.6% on employee plans, 30.1% on Medicaid, 7.94% on Medicare, 9.77% on non-group plans, and 0.667% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Milwaukee, WI was $8,702 in 2014. This is a 6.26% increase from the previous year ($8,189).

Primary care physicians in Milwaukee, WI see 1382 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% increase from the previous year (1366 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1312 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 386 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Adams County and Menominee County have the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.1%). Additionally, Menominee County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (45.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Milwaukee County, WI.

1,382 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Milwaukee County, WI see an average of 1,382 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% increase from the previous year (1,366 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Milwaukee County, WI in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.

$8,702

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,159

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,057

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,608

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Wisconsin (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 6.26%, from $8,189 to $8,702.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.92%

Uninsured

42.6%

Employer Coverage

30.1%

Medicaid

7.94%

Medicare

9.77%

Non-Group

0.667%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Milwaukee, WI grew by 4.52% from 8.53% to 8.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Milwaukee, WI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.1% prevalence

  2. 13.1% prevalence

  3. 12.4% prevalence

Adams County and Menominee County have the highest prevalence of diabetes in Wisconsin, at 13.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Wisconsin by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Milwaukee, WI is home to a population of 592k people, from which 93.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.75% of Milwaukee, WI residents were born outside of the country (58k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Milwaukee, WI is composed of 223k Black or African American Alone residents (37.6%), 204k White Alone residents (34.5%), 120k Hispanic or Latino residents (20.2%), 25.2k Asian Alone residents (4.25%), 17k Two or More Races residents (2.87%), 2k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.338%), 857 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.145%), and 268 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0453%).

Age

Age by Nativity

30

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.2

In 2018, the median age of all people in Milwaukee, WI was 31.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 30, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Milwaukee, WI are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Milwaukee, WI residents was 32.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.75%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

58k people

9.8%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

58.3k people

As of 2017, 9.75% of Milwaukee, WI residents (58k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Milwaukee, WI was 9.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Milwaukee, WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Wisconsin.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    82,867 ± 7,017 people

  2. India

    24,020 ± 3,797 people

  3. China

    15,072 ± 3,010 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Wisconsin was Mexico, the natal country of 82,867 Wisconsin residents, followed by India with 24,020 and China with 15,072.

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Citizenship

93.8%

2018 Citizenship

93.8%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93.8% of Milwaukee, WI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Milwaukee, WI was 93.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Milwaukee, WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. Black or African American Alone

    223k ± 5.62k

  2. White Alone

    204k ± 5.79k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    120k ± 8.33k

In 2018, there were 1.09 times more Black or African American Alone residents (223k people) in Milwaukee, WI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 204k White Alone and 120k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Milwaukee, WI as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    7,181 ± 1,175

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,741 ± 780

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,150 ± 771

Milwaukee, WI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Milwaukee, WI awarded 14,861 degrees. The student population of Milwaukee, WI is skewed towards women, with 26,172 male students and 33,136 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Milwaukee, WI are White (9,839 and 69.3%), followed by Black or African American (1,371 and 9.66%), Hispanic or Latino (1,356 and 9.55%), and Asian (778 and 5.48%).

The largest universities in Milwaukee, WI by number of degrees awarded are University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (5,725 and 38.5%), Marquette University (3,364 and 22.6%), and Milwaukee Area Technical College (3,209 and 21.6%).

The most popular majors in Milwaukee, WI are Registered Nursing (930 and 6.26%), General Business Administration & Management (609 and 4.1%), and General Marketing & Marketing Management (451 and 3.03%).

The median tuition costs in Milwaukee, WI are $31,830 for private four year colleges, and $7,421 and $13,060 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 647 degrees awarded

  2. 433 degrees awarded

  3. 383 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Milwaukee, WI was Registered Nursing with 647 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Milwaukee, WI according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 5,725 degrees awarded

  2. 3,364 degrees awarded

  3. 3,209 degrees awarded

$7,421

Median In-State Public

$31,830

Median Private

In 2017, the Milwaukee, WI institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee with 5,725 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,286

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,575

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,286 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Milwaukee, WI, which is 0.733 times less than the 8,575 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Milwaukee, WI by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,839 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,371 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1,356 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Milwaukee, WI were to White students. These 9,839 degrees mean that there were 7.18 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,371 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Milwaukee, WI was $126,300 in 2018, which is 0.55 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $122,300 to $126,300, a 3.27% increase. The homeownership rate in Milwaukee, WI is 41.8%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Milwaukee, WI have an average commute time of 20.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Milwaukee, WI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$126,300

2018 Median

± $3,367

$122,300

2017 Median

± $3,182

In 2018, the median property value in Milwaukee, WI grew to to $126,300 from the previous year's value of $122,300.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Milwaukee, WI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Milwaukee, WI the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$42,087

Median Household Income

± $1,495

231k

Number of Households

± 7,206

In 2018, the median household income of the 231k households in Milwaukee, WI grew to $42,087 from the previous year's value of $39,098.

The following chart displays the households in Milwaukee, WI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Milwaukee, WI distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Milwaukee, WI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

41.8%

2018 Homeownership

40.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 41.8% of the housing units in Milwaukee, WI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 40.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Milwaukee, WI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Milwaukee, WI have a shorter commute time (20.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.34% of the workforce in Milwaukee, WI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Milwaukee, WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74%

  2. Carpooled

    9.91%

  3. Public Transit

    6.14%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Milwaukee, WI was Drove Alone (74%), followed by those who Carpooled (9.91%) and those who Public Transit (6.14%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Milwaukee, WI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Milwaukee, WI have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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