Salem, WV

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Population

1,625

4.7% growth

Median Age

31.7


Median Household Income

$39,450

12.7% growth

Poverty Rate

19%


Number of Employees

637

6.34% growth

Median Property Value

$59,900

3.63% growth

About

In 2017, Salem, WV had a population of 1.63k people with a median age of 31.7 and a median household income of $39,450. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Salem, WV grew from 1,552 to 1,625, a 4.7% increase and its median household income grew from $35,000 to $39,450, a 12.7% increase.

The population of Salem, WV is 88.9% White Alone, 6.83% Black or African American Alone, and 2.77% Two or More Races. N/A% of the people in Salem, WV speak a non-English language, and 97.8% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Salem, WV are Salem International University (356 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Salem, WV is $59,900, and the homeownership rate is 73.6%. Most people in Salem, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Salem, WV is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

Economy

The economy of Salem, WV employs 637 people. The largest industries in Salem, WV are Educational Services (129 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (61 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (55 people), and the highest paying industries are Manufacturing ($60,729), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,588), and Transportation & Warehousing ($60,294).

Median household income in Salem, WV is $39,450. Males in Salem, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Salem, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,450

2017 value

± $3,877

12.7%

1 Year Growth

± 17%

Households in Salem, WV have a median annual income of $39,450, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $35,000 in 2016, which represents a 12.7% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Salem, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in West Virginia made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of West Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Salem, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 316

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salem, WV was Census Tract 316 with a value of $40,167, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Salem, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Males 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salem, WV (276 out of 1.45k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    218 ± 57

  2. Black

    29 ± 68

  3. Two Or More

    29 ± 56

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salem, WV is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

637

2017 Value

± 116

6.34%

1 Year growth

± 24.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, WV grew at a rate of 6.34%, from 599 employees to 637 employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salem, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (104 people), Sales & Related Occupations (84 people), and Management Occupations (54 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salem, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Salem, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (104 people), Sales & Related Occupations (84 people), and Management Occupations (54 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Salem, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.71 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.35 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (2.13 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Salem, WV, by median earnings, are Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations ($63,750), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors ($60,625), and Education Information, & Library Occupations ($48,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

637

2017 Value

± 116

6.34%

1 Year growth

± 24.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Salem, WV grew at a rate of 6.34%, from 599 employees to 637 employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salem, WV, are Educational Services (129 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (61 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (55 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salem, WV, though some of these residents may live in Salem, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Salem, WV, by number of employees, are Educational Services (129 people), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (61 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (55 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Salem, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (17.7 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (4.34 times), and Educational Services (2.19 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Salem, WV, by median earnings, are Manufacturing ($60,729), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($60,588), and Transportation & Warehousing ($60,294).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $19.6B

  2. $7.19B

  3. $6.22B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $19.6B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($7.19B) and Coal ($6.22B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$72.2B

2020 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound West Virginia trade was $72.2B. This is expected to increase 20.4% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $11B

  2. $7.36B

  3. $7.22B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $11B, followed by Ohio with $7.36B and Virginia and $7.22B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

85.3% of the population of Salem, WV has health coverage, with 38.3% on employee plans, 22.2% on Medicaid, 8.68% on Medicare, 11.4% on non-group plans, and 4.74% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Salem, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Salem, WV see 870 patients per year on average, which represents a 0% change from the previous year (870 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1267 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 556 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Harrison County, WV.

870 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Harrison County, WV see an average of 870 patients per year. This represents a 0% change from the previous year (870 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harrison County, WV in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

14.7%

Uninsured

38.3%

Employer Coverage

22.2%

Medicaid

8.68%

Medicare

11.4%

Non-Group

4.74%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salem, WV declined by 10.1% from 16.4% to 14.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salem, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Salem, WV is home to a population of 1.63k people, from which 97.8% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.22% of Salem, WV residents were born outside of the country (36 people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Salem, WV is composed of 1.44k White Alone residents (88.9%), 111 Black or African American Alone residents (6.83%), 45 Two or More Races residents (2.77%), 22 Hispanic or Latino residents (1.35%), 3 Asian Alone residents (0.185%), 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%), 0 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0%), and 0 Some Other Race Alone residents (0%).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 5.1

20

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 38.6

In 2017, the median age of all people in Salem, WV was 31.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 20. But people in Salem, WV are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Salem, WV residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.22%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

36 people

0.58%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

9 people

As of 2017, 2.22% of Salem, WV residents (36 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salem, WV was 0.58%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salem, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Virginia was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 West Virginia residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

97.8%

2017 Citizenship

99.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 97.8% of Salem, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Salem, WV was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salem, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    1.44k ± 211

  2. Black or African American Alone

    111 ± 93

  3. Two or More Races

    45 ± 42.4

In 2017, there were 13 times more White Alone residents (1.44k people) in Salem, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 111 Black or African American Alone and 45 Two or More Races residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Salem, WV as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    25 ± 22

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    13 ± 17

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    12 ± 15

Salem, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.92 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Salem, WV awarded 356 degrees. The student population of Salem, WV is skewed towards women, with 514 male students and 612 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salem, WV are White (205 and 60.3%), followed by Black or African American (58 and 17.1%), Unknown (42 and 12.4%), and Two or More Races (17 and 5%).

The largest universities in Salem, WV by number of degrees awarded are Salem International University (356 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Salem, WV are General Business Administration & Management (164 and 46.1%), General Educational Leadership & Administration (75 and 21.1%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (50 and 14%).

The median tuition costs in Salem, WV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Salem, WV was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 28 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Salem, WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

356 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Salem, WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Salem International University with 356 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

166

Degrees Awarded to Men

190

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 166 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salem, WV, which is 0.874 times less than the 190 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Salem, WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    205 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    58 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    42 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Salem, WV were to White students. These 205 degrees mean that there were 3.53 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 58 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Salem, WV was $59,900 in 2017, which is 0.261 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $57,800 to $59,900, a 3.63% increase. The homeownership rate in Salem, WV is 73.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Salem, WV have an average commute time of 21.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Salem, WV is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$59,900

2017 Median

± $5,696

$57,800

2016 Median

± $5,208

In 2017, the median property value in Salem, WV grew to to $59,900 from the previous year's value of $57,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Salem, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,450

Median Household Income

± $3,877

561

Number of Households

± 88

In 2017, the median household income of the 561 households in Salem, WV grew to $39,450 from the previous year's value of $35,000.

The following chart displays the households in Salem, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Salem, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salem, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.6%

2017 Homeownership

66.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.6% of the housing units in Salem, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Salem, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salem, WV have a shorter commute time (21.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.12% of the workforce in Salem, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salem, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    69.7%

  2. Carpooled

    13.2%

  3. Walked

    8.48%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Salem, WV was Drove Alone (69.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (13.2%) and those who Walked (8.48%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salem, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salem, WV have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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