Bluefield, WV

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Population

10,144

2.14% decline

Poverty Rate

25.2%


Median Age

41.9


Median Household Income

$33,510

11.9% decline

Number of Employees

3,629

9.68% decline

Median Property Value

$76,600

0.649% decline

About

In 2017, Bluefield, WV had a population of 10.1k people with a median age of 41.9 and a median household income of $33,510. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Bluefield, WV declined from 10,366 to 10,144, a -2.14% decrease and its median household income declined from $38,016 to $33,510, a -11.9% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Bluefield, WV are White (Non-Hispanic) (71.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (25.5%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.36%), White (Hispanic) (0.759%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.749%). N/A% of the people in Bluefield, WV speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bluefield, WV are Bluefield State College (290 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Bluefield, WV is $76,600, and the homeownership rate is 66.6%. Most people in Bluefield, WV commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17 minutes. The average car ownership in Bluefield, WV is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Autumn sunrise scenery from the Bear Rocks area of the Dolly Sods Wilderness near Davis, West Virginia (USA). HDR composite from multiple exposures.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for West Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in West Virginia, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in West Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for West Virginia. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of West Virginia across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Bluefield, WV employs 3.63k people. The largest industries in Bluefield, WV are Health Care & Social Assistance (800 people), Retail Trade (745 people), and Educational Services (400 people), and the highest paying industries are Transportation & Warehousing ($47,939), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,736), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($46,071).

Median household income in Bluefield, WV is $33,510. Males in Bluefield, WV have an average income that is 1.4 times higher than the average income of females, which is $39,552. The income inequality in Bluefield, WV (measured using the Gini index) is 0.444, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$33,510

2017 value

± $3,738

-11.9%

1 Year Growth

± 22.4%

Households in Bluefield, WV have a median annual income of $33,510, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,016 in 2016, which represents a -11.9% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Bluefield, WV compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

$55,526

Average Male Salary

± $2,063

$39,552

Average Female Salary

± $1,541

In 2017, full-time male employees in West Virginia made 1.4 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,277 ± $23,510

  2. American Indian

    $44,513 ± $30,224

  3. White

    $42,144 ± $1,238

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of West Virginia workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.42 times more than American Indian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in West Virginia by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bluefield, WV is from West Virginia.

0.444

2017 Wage GINI

0.444

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in West Virginia was 0.444 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.108% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for West Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in West Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in West Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 22

  2. Census Tract 21

  3. Census Tract 24

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bluefield, WV was Census Tract 22 with a value of $44,922, followed by Census Tract 21 and Census Tract 24, with respective values of $43,485 and $32,180.

The following map shows all of the places in Bluefield, WV colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

25.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bluefield, WV (2.5k out of 9.93k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    1,702 ± 344

  2. Black

    733 ± 157

  3. Hispanic

    42 ± 93

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bluefield, WV is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.63k

2017 Value

± 432

-9.68%

1 Year decline

± 18.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bluefield, WV declined at a rate of -9.68%, from 4.02k employees to 3.63k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bluefield, WV, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (620 people), Sales & Related Occupations (430 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (304 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bluefield, WV.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Bluefield, WV, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (620 people), Sales & Related Occupations (430 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (304 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bluefield, WV has an unusually high number of residents working as Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (2.77 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.34 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.56 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Bluefield, WV, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($120,227), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($66,750), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($65,592).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.63k

2017 Value

± 432

-9.68%

1 Year decline

± 18.3%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Bluefield, WV declined at a rate of -9.68%, from 4.02k employees to 3.63k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bluefield, WV, are Health Care & Social Assistance (800 people), Retail Trade (745 people), and Educational Services (400 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bluefield, WV, though some of these residents may live in Bluefield, WV and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Bluefield, WV, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (800 people), Retail Trade (745 people), and Educational Services (400 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Bluefield, WV has an unusually high number of Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (3.37 times higher than expected), Retail Trade (1.8 times), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1.59 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Bluefield, WV, by median earnings, are Transportation & Warehousing ($47,939), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,736), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($46,071).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $19.6B

  2. $7.19B

  3. $6.22B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $19.6B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($7.19B) and Coal ($6.22B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound West Virginia products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for West Virginia state.

$72.2B

2020 Value

$86.9B

Projected 2045 Value

20.4% growth

In 2020, total outbound West Virginia trade was $72.2B. This is expected to increase 20.4% to $86.9B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound West Virginia trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from West Virginia to other states, or from other states to West Virginia.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $11B

  2. $7.36B

  3. $7.22B

In 2015, the top outbound West Virginia domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Pennsylvania with $11B, followed by Ohio with $7.36B and Virginia and $7.22B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that West Virginia shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

95.5% of the population of Bluefield, WV has health coverage, with 36.2% on employee plans, 31.8% on Medicaid, 14.7% on Medicare, 11% on non-group plans, and 1.73% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Bluefield, WV was $9,462 in 2014. This is a 5.5% increase from the previous year ($8,969).

Primary care physicians in Bluefield, WV see 1529 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (1545 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2419 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 889 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (19.7%). Additionally, McDowell County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Mercer County, WV.

1,529 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mercer County, WV see an average of 1,529 patients per year. This represents a 1.04% decrease from the previous year (1,545 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mercer County, WV in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for West Virginia.

$9,462

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,917

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$6,557

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,268

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in West Virginia (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.5%, from $8,969 to $9,462.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

4.54%

Uninsured

36.2%

Employer Coverage

31.8%

Medicaid

14.7%

Medicare

11%

Non-Group

1.73%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bluefield, WV declined by 35.2% from 7% to 4.54%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bluefield, WV changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 19.7% prevalence

  2. 19.1% prevalence

  3. 18.2% prevalence

McDowell County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia, at 19.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in West Virginia by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Bluefield, WV is home to a population of 10.1k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.59% of Bluefield, WV residents were born outside of the country (161 people).

In 2017, there were 2.79 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (7.21k people) in Bluefield, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.59k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 138 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 2.8

35

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 28.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Bluefield, WV was 41.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 35. But people in Bluefield, WV are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Bluefield, WV residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.59%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

161 people

0.434%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

45 people

As of 2017, 1.59% of Bluefield, WV residents (161 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bluefield, WV was 0.434%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bluefield, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for West Virginia.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    2,603 ± 1,252 people

  2. India

    2,547 ± 1,238 people

  3. China

    2,428 ± 1,209 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of West Virginia was Mexico, the natal country of 2,603 West Virginia residents, followed by India with 2,547 and China with 2,428.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

99.7%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Bluefield, WV residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Bluefield, WV was 99.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bluefield, WV compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Bluefield, WV

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    7.21k ± 297

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    2.59k ± 262

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    138 ± 98.7

In 2017, there were 2.79 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (7.21k people) in Bluefield, WV than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.59k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 138 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Bluefield, WV as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    290 ± 144

  2. World War II

    93 ± 71

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    43 ± 39

Bluefield, WV has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.12 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Bluefield, WV awarded 290 degrees. The student population of Bluefield, WV is skewed towards women, with 506 male students and 873 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bluefield, WV are White (263 and 92.9%), followed by Black or African American (11 and 3.89%), Hispanic or Latino (4 and 1.41%), and Two or More Races (4 and 1.41%).

The largest universities in Bluefield, WV by number of degrees awarded are Bluefield State College (290 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Bluefield, WV are Registered Nursing (64 and 22.1%), General Studies (29 and 10%), and Elementary Education & Teaching (25 and 8.62%).

The median tuition costs in Bluefield, WV are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $6,728 and $13,032 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 29 degrees awarded

  2. 25 degrees awarded

  3. 25 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bluefield, WV was General Studies with 29 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bluefield, WV according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

290 degrees awarded

$6,728

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Bluefield, WV institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bluefield State College with 290 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

133

Degrees Awarded to Men

157

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 133 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bluefield, WV, which is 0.847 times less than the 157 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Bluefield, WV by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    263 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    11 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    4 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Bluefield, WV were to White students. These 263 degrees mean that there were 23.9 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 11 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bluefield, WV was $76,600 in 2017, which is 0.333 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $77,100 to $76,600, a 0.649% decrease. The homeownership rate in Bluefield, WV is 66.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Bluefield, WV have an average commute time of 17 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Bluefield, WV is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$76,600

2017 Median

± $8,903

$77,100

2016 Median

± $9,191

In 2017, the median property value in Bluefield, WV declined from to $76,600 from the previous year's value of $77,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Bluefield, WV compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bluefield, WV the largest share of households have a property value in the $50k - $60k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$33,510

Median Household Income

± $3,738

4.19k

Number of Households

± 416

In 2017, the median household income of the 4.19k households in Bluefield, WV declined from $33,510 from the previous year's value of $38,016.

The following chart displays the households in Bluefield, WV distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Bluefield, WV distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bluefield, WV the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.6%

2017 Homeownership

66.5%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.6% of the housing units in Bluefield, WV were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.5%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Bluefield, WV compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bluefield, WV have a shorter commute time (17 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.76% of the workforce in Bluefield, WV have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bluefield, WV compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    83.6%

  2. Carpooled

    8.23%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.05%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Bluefield, WV was Drove Alone (83.6%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.23%) and those who Worked At Home (4.05%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bluefield, WV distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bluefield, WV have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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