Cleveland, TN

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Population

43,496

0.508% growth

Poverty Rate

22%


Median Age

34.6


Median Household Income

$41,570

6.18% growth

Number of Employees

19,391

5.89% growth

Median Property Value

$159,200

2.78% growth

About

In 2017, Cleveland, TN had a population of 43.5k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $41,570. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Cleveland, TN grew from 43,276 to 43,496, a 0.508% increase and its median household income grew from $39,151 to $41,570, a 6.18% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, TN are White (Non-Hispanic) (76.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.95%), White (Hispanic) (8.53%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.07%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (1.86%). N/A% of the people in Cleveland, TN speak a non-English language, and 93.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland, TN are Lee University (1,055 degrees awarded in 2017), Cleveland State Community College (918 degrees), and Pentecostal Theological Seminary (63 degrees).

The median property value in Cleveland, TN is $159,200, and the homeownership rate is 46.7%. Most people in Cleveland, TN commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 17.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland, TN is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Tennessee, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Tennessee (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Tennessee. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Tennessee across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cleveland, TN employs 19.4k people. The largest industries in Cleveland, TN are Manufacturing (3,333 people), Accommodation & Food Services (2,324 people), and Retail Trade (2,288 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($79,479), Utilities ($52,727), and Public Administration ($40,169).

Median household income in Cleveland, TN is $41,570. Males in Cleveland, TN have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $42,201. The income inequality in Cleveland, TN (measured using the Gini index) is 0.466, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$41,570

2017 value

± $1,615

6.18%

1 Year Growth

± 6.56%

Households in Cleveland, TN have a median annual income of $41,570, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $39,151 in 2016, which represents a 6.18% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cleveland, TN compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

$57,961

Average Male Salary

± $1,374

$42,201

Average Female Salary

± $943

In 2017, full-time male employees in Tennessee made 1.37 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $53,011 ± $6,619

  2. White

    $46,471 ± $904

  3. American Indian

    $40,237 ± $11,516

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Tennessee workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.14 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Tennessee by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland, TN is from Tennessee.

0.466

2017 Wage GINI

0.465

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.466 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.325% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Tennessee across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 112.02

  2. Census Tract 111

  3. Census Tract 112.01

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland, TN was Census Tract 112.02 with a value of $60,272, followed by Census Tract 111 and Census Tract 112.01, with respective values of $57,229 and $54,741.

The following map shows all of the places in Cleveland, TN colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland, TN (8.84k out of 40.3k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    7,570 ± 689

  2. Hispanic

    1,564 ± 268

  3. Black

    816 ± 237

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland, TN is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

19.4k

2017 Value

± 1,029

5.89%

1 Year growth

± 7.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland, TN grew at a rate of 5.89%, from 18.3k employees to 19.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland, TN, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,852 people), Production Occupations (2,019 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,680 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland, TN.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cleveland, TN, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,852 people), Production Occupations (2,019 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,680 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cleveland, TN has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.81 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.8 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.76 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cleveland, TN, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($72,292), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($64,625), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($62,411).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

19.4k

2017 Value

± 1,029

5.89%

1 Year growth

± 7.1%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Cleveland, TN grew at a rate of 5.89%, from 18.3k employees to 19.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland, TN, are Manufacturing (3,333 people), Accommodation & Food Services (2,324 people), and Retail Trade (2,288 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland, TN, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland, TN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cleveland, TN, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,333 people), Accommodation & Food Services (2,324 people), and Retail Trade (2,288 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Cleveland, TN has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.7 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.57 times), and Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cleveland, TN, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($79,479), Utilities ($52,727), and Public Administration ($40,169).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $38.9B

  2. $35.5B

  3. $29.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee product (by dollars) was Pharmaceuticals with $38.9B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($35.5B) and Mixed freight ($29.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Tennessee products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Tennessee state.

$366B

2020 Value

$525B

Projected 2045 Value

43.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Tennessee trade was $366B. This is expected to increase 43.2% to $525B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Tennessee trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Tennessee to other states, or from other states to Tennessee.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $31.6B

  2. $18.7B

  3. $18.1B

In 2015, the top outbound Tennessee domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Kentucky with $31.6B, followed by Texas with $18.7B and Georgia and $18.1B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Tennessee shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

84.4% of the population of Cleveland, TN has health coverage, with 42.7% on employee plans, 18.2% on Medicaid, 10.8% on Medicare, 11.8% on non-group plans, and 0.898% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Cleveland, TN was $7,372 in 2014. This is a 3.74% increase from the previous year ($7,106).

Primary care physicians in Cleveland, TN see 1859 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.694% decrease from the previous year (1872 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2049 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1633 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (17.5%). Additionally, Hardeman County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Bradley County, TN.

1,859 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Bradley County, TN see an average of 1,859 patients per year. This represents a 0.694% decrease from the previous year (1,872 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Bradley County, TN in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Tennessee.

$7,372

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,680

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,371

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Tennessee (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 3.74%, from $7,106 to $7,372.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

15.6%

Uninsured

42.7%

Employer Coverage

18.2%

Medicaid

10.8%

Medicare

11.8%

Non-Group

0.898%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland, TN declined by 2.65% from 16% to 15.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland, TN changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 17.5% prevalence

  2. 17% prevalence

  3. 16.8% prevalence

Dyer County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee, at 17.5%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Tennessee by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cleveland, TN is home to a population of 43.5k people, from which 93.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 8.92% of Cleveland, TN residents were born outside of the country (3.88k people).

In 2017, there were 8.56 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33.3k people) in Cleveland, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.89k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.71k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 1.6

37

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 2.3

In 2017, the median age of all people in Cleveland, TN was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 37. But people in Cleveland, TN are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Cleveland, TN residents was 34.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

8.92%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.88k people

8.26%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

3.58k people

As of 2017, 8.92% of Cleveland, TN residents (3.88k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland, TN was 8.26%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Tennessee.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    92,263 ± 7,405 people

  2. India

    21,162 ± 3,566 people

  3. Guatemala

    12,669 ± 2,761 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Tennessee was Mexico, the natal country of 92,263 Tennessee residents, followed by India with 21,162 and Guatemala with 12,669.

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Citizenship

93.1%

2017 Citizenship

94.1%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.1% of Cleveland, TN residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland, TN was 94.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland, TN compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, TN

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    33.3k ± 636

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    3.89k ± 422

  3. White (Hispanic)

    3.71k ± 591

In 2017, there were 8.56 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (33.3k people) in Cleveland, TN than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.89k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.71k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cleveland, TN as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    661 ± 153

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    267 ± 139

  3. Korea

    267 ± 125

Cleveland, TN has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.48 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cleveland, TN awarded 2,059 degrees. The student population of Cleveland, TN is skewed towards women, with 3,676 male students and 5,213 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland, TN are White (1,641 and 81.7%), followed by Unknown (129 and 6.42%), Hispanic or Latino (123 and 6.12%), and Black or African American (78 and 3.88%).

The largest universities in Cleveland, TN by number of degrees awarded are Lee University (1,055 and 51.2%), Cleveland State Community College (918 and 44.6%), and Pentecostal Theological Seminary (63 and 3.06%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland, TN are Liberal Arts & Sciences (450 and 21.9%), General Business Administration & Management (188 and 9.13%), and Pastoral Studies & Counseling (101 and 4.91%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland, TN are $9,240 for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 65 degrees awarded

  2. 94 degrees awarded

  3. 73 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland, TN was General Business Administration & Management with 65 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland, TN according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,055 degrees awarded

  2. 918 degrees awarded

  3. 63 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$9,240

Median Private

In 2017, the Cleveland, TN institution with the largest number of graduating students was Lee University with 1,055 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

867

Degrees Awarded to Men

1,192

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 867 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland, TN, which is 0.727 times less than the 1,192 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Cleveland, TN by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,641 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    129 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    123 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cleveland, TN were to White students. These 1,641 degrees mean that there were 12.7 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 129 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland, TN was $159,200 in 2017, which is 0.693 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $154,900 to $159,200, a 2.78% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland, TN is 46.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cleveland, TN have an average commute time of 17.8 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cleveland, TN is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$159,200

2017 Median

± $5,720

$154,900

2016 Median

± $4,565

In 2017, the median property value in Cleveland, TN grew to to $159,200 from the previous year's value of $154,900.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cleveland, TN compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, TN the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$41,570

Median Household Income

± $1,615

16.3k

Number of Households

± 867

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.3k households in Cleveland, TN grew to $41,570 from the previous year's value of $39,151.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, TN distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cleveland, TN distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, TN the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

46.7%

2017 Homeownership

46.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 46.7% of the housing units in Cleveland, TN were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 46.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cleveland, TN compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

17.8 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland, TN have a shorter commute time (17.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.09% of the workforce in Cleveland, TN have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland, TN compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.08%

  3. Walked

    4.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Cleveland, TN was Drove Alone (81.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.08%) and those who Walked (4.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, TN distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland, TN have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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