York, PA

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Population

44,058

0.479% growth

Poverty Rate

35.8%


Median Age

30.5


Median Household Income

$29,834

0.778% decline

Number of Employees

17,653

3.93% growth

Median Property Value

$74,400

2.23% decline

About

In 2017, York, PA had a population of 44.1k people with a median age of 30.5 and a median household income of $29,834. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of York, PA grew from 43,848 to 44,058, a 0.479% increase and its median household income declined from $30,068 to $29,834, a -0.778% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in York, PA are White (Non-Hispanic) (38.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (23.8%), White (Hispanic) (21.6%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (5.13%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (4.85%). N/A% of the people in York, PA speak a non-English language, and 96.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in York, PA are Consolidated School of Business-York (39 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in York, PA is $74,400, and the homeownership rate is 38.3%. Most people in York, PA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.5 minutes. The average car ownership in York, PA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Mason-Dixon Trail, York County, York, PA

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Pennsylvania, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Pennsylvania (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Pennsylvania. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Pennsylvania across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of York, PA employs 17.7k people. The largest industries in York, PA are Manufacturing (3,496 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,721 people), and Retail Trade (1,935 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($84,750), Public Administration ($43,681), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,909).

Median household income in York, PA is $29,834. Males in York, PA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,502. The income inequality in York, PA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.469, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$29,834

2017 value

± $2,144

-0.778%

1 Year Growth

± 9.2%

Households in York, PA have a median annual income of $29,834, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $30,068 in 2016, which represents a -0.778% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in York, PA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

$67,039

Average Male Salary

± $1,040

$49,502

Average Female Salary

± $757

In 2017, full-time male employees in Pennsylvania made 1.35 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,450 ± $4,076

  2. White

    $51,412 ± $642

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $38,644 ± $21,965

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Pennsylvania workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Pennsylvania by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for York, PA is from Pennsylvania.

0.469

2017 Wage GINI

0.469

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Pennsylvania was 0.469 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.19% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Pennsylvania was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Pennsylvania in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Pennsylvania across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 103

  2. Census Tract 13

  3. Census Tract 14

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in York, PA was Census Tract 103 with a value of $64,148, followed by Census Tract 13 and Census Tract 14, with respective values of $47,813 and $45,598.

The following map shows all of the places in York, PA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

35.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in York, PA (15.4k out of 43k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,346 ± 657

  2. Hispanic

    6,116 ± 553

  3. Black

    4,485 ± 478

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in York, PA is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

17.7k

2017 Value

± 925

3.93%

1 Year growth

± 6.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in York, PA grew at a rate of 3.93%, from 17k employees to 17.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in York, PA, are Production Occupations (2,345 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,297 people), and Material Moving Occupations (1,999 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of York, PA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of York, PA, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (2,345 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,297 people), and Material Moving Occupations (1,999 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, York, PA has an unusually high number of residents working as Material Moving Occupations (4.33 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (2.29 times), and Healthcare Support Occupations (1.75 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of York, PA, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($69,464), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($63,681), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($63,281).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

17.7k

2017 Value

± 925

3.93%

1 Year growth

± 6.98%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in York, PA grew at a rate of 3.93%, from 17k employees to 17.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in York, PA, are Manufacturing (3,496 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,721 people), and Retail Trade (1,935 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of York, PA, though some of these residents may live in York, PA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in York, PA, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (3,496 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (2,721 people), and Retail Trade (1,935 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, York, PA has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.96 times higher than expected), Transportation & Warehousing (1.63 times), and Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.33 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in York, PA, by median earnings, are Utilities ($84,750), Public Administration ($43,681), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($40,909).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $88.5B

  2. $57.4B

  3. $55.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $88.5B, followed by Coal-n.e.c. ($57.4B) and Pharmaceuticals ($55.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Pennsylvania products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Pennsylvania state.

$671B

2020 Value

$954B

Projected 2045 Value

42.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Pennsylvania trade was $671B. This is expected to increase 42.2% to $954B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Pennsylvania trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Pennsylvania to other states, or from other states to Pennsylvania.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $65.4B

  2. $62.6B

  3. $35.6B

In 2015, the top outbound Pennsylvania domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New York with $65.4B, followed by New Jersey with $62.6B and Ohio and $35.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Pennsylvania shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

87.1% of the population of York, PA has health coverage, with 31.2% on employee plans, 40.1% on Medicaid, 6.71% on Medicare, 8.22% on non-group plans, and 0.914% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of York, PA was $9,258 in 2014. This is a 4.29% increase from the previous year ($8,877).

Primary care physicians in York, PA see 1433 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.14% increase from the previous year (1431 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1929 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 967 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16%). Additionally, Clearfield County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for York County, PA.

1,433 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in York County, PA see an average of 1,433 patients per year. This represents a 0.14% increase from the previous year (1,431 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in York County, PA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Pennsylvania.

$9,258

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,634

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,407

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,243

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Pennsylvania (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.29%, from $8,877 to $9,258.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

12.9%

Uninsured

31.2%

Employer Coverage

40.1%

Medicaid

6.71%

Medicare

8.22%

Non-Group

0.914%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in York, PA declined by 6.11% from 13.7% to 12.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in York, PA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16% prevalence

  2. 13.4% prevalence

  3. 13.2% prevalence

Fayette County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania, at 16%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Pennsylvania by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

York, PA is home to a population of 44.1k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 7.37% of York, PA residents were born outside of the country (3.25k people).

In 2017, there were 1.62 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (16.9k people) in York, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.54k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

29

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in York, PA was 30.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 29, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in York, PA are getting staying the same age. In 2016, the average age of all York, PA residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

7.37%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

3.25k people

6.64%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

2.91k people

As of 2017, 7.37% of York, PA residents (3.25k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in York, PA was 6.64%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in York, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Pennsylvania.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    81,562 ± 6,989 people

  2. China

    63,036 ± 6,149 people

  3. Mexico

    54,918 ± 5,741 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Pennsylvania was India, the natal country of 81,562 Pennsylvania residents, followed by China with 63,036 and Mexico with 54,918.

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Citizenship

96.1%

2017 Citizenship

96.3%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.1% of York, PA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in York, PA was 96.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in York, PA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in York, PA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    16.9k ± 992

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    10.5k ± 932

  3. White (Hispanic)

    9.54k ± 1.08k

In 2017, there were 1.62 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (16.9k people) in York, PA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.54k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in York, PA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    695 ± 132

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    266 ± 93

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    205 ± 97

York, PA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.61 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in York, PA awarded 39 degrees. The student population of York, PA is skewed towards women, with 26 male students and 88 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in York, PA are White (17 and 43.6%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (14 and 35.9%), Black or African American (8 and 20.5%), and Asian (0 and 0%).

The largest universities in York, PA by number of degrees awarded are Consolidated School of Business-York (39 and 100%).

The most popular majors in York, PA are Medical Administrative Assistant (12 and 30.8%), Medical Office Assistant (10 and 25.6%), and General Business Administration & Management (7 and 17.9%).

The median tuition costs in York, PA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 12 degrees awarded

  2. 7 degrees awarded

  3. 4 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in York, PA was Medical Administrative Assistant with 12 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in York, PA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

39 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the York, PA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Consolidated School of Business-York with 39 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

7

Degrees Awarded to Men

32

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 7 men were awarded degrees from institutions in York, PA, which is 0.219 times less than the 32 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in York, PA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    17 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    14 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    8 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in York, PA were to White students. These 17 degrees mean that there were 1.21 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 14 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in York, PA was $74,400 in 2017, which is 0.324 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $76,100 to $74,400, a 2.23% decrease. The homeownership rate in York, PA is 38.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in York, PA have an average commute time of 21.5 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in York, PA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$74,400

2017 Median

± $2,774

$76,100

2016 Median

± $2,550

In 2017, the median property value in York, PA declined from to $74,400 from the previous year's value of $76,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in York, PA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York, PA the largest share of households have a property value in the $60k - $70k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$29,834

Median Household Income

± $2,144

16.5k

Number of Households

± 816

In 2017, the median household income of the 16.5k households in York, PA declined from $29,834 from the previous year's value of $30,068.

The following chart displays the households in York, PA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in York, PA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In York, PA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

38.3%

2017 Homeownership

40.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 38.3% of the housing units in York, PA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 40.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in York, PA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.5 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in York, PA have a shorter commute time (21.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.7% of the workforce in York, PA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in York, PA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    73%

  2. Carpooled

    11.4%

  3. Walked

    7.19%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in York, PA was Drove Alone (73%), followed by those who Carpooled (11.4%) and those who Walked (7.19%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in York, PA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in York, PA have 1 car, followed by 2 cars.

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