Toledo, OH

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Population

274,973

0.55% decline

Poverty Rate

26.5%


Median Age

34.6


Median Household Income

$35,866

3.94% decline

Number of Employees

121,600

1.18% growth

Median Property Value

$79,900

1.91% growth

About

In 2018, Toledo, OH had a population of 275k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $35,866. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Toledo, OH declined from 276,494 to 274,973, a -0.55% decrease and its median household income declined from $37,339 to $35,866, a -3.94% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Toledo, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (57.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (27.1%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (4.67%), White (Hispanic) (3.76%), and Some Other Race (Hispanic) (2.36%). N/A% of the people in Toledo, OH speak a non-English language, and 98.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Toledo, OH are University of Toledo (4,685 degrees awarded in 2017), Mercy College of Ohio (403 degrees), and Toledo Public Schools Adult and Continuing Education (96 degrees).

The median property value in Toledo, OH is $79,900, and the homeownership rate is 50%. Most people in Toledo, OH commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 19.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Toledo, OH is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Ohio, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Ohio. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Ohio across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Toledo, OH employs 122k people. The largest industries in Toledo, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,076 people), Manufacturing (20,154 people), and Retail Trade (13,678 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($55,807), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($51,477), and Public Administration ($49,222).

Median household income in Toledo, OH is $35,866. Males in Toledo, OH have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,520. The income inequality in Toledo, OH (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$35,866

2018 value

± $2,014

-3.94%

1 Year Growth

± 8.66%

Households in Toledo, OH have a median annual income of $35,866, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $37,339 in 2017, which represents a -3.94% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Toledo, OH compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

$65,155

Average Male Salary

± $1,041

$48,520

Average Female Salary

± $780

In 2018, full-time male employees in Ohio made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $61,444 ± $4,429

  2. White

    $51,160 ± $663

  3. Two or More Races

    $36,079 ± $3,030

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Ohio workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Ohio by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Toledo, OH is from Ohio.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.457

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.704% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 13.01

  2. Census Tract 83.02

  3. Census Tract 72.03

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Toledo, OH was Census Tract 13.01 with a value of $93,750, followed by Census Tract 83.02 and Census Tract 72.03, with respective values of $90,125 and $69,861.

The following map shows all of the places in Toledo, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

26.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Toledo, OH (71.9k out of 272k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    33,004 ± 1,226

  2. Black

    28,464 ± 1,114

  3. Hispanic

    7,586 ± 556

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Toledo, OH is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

122k

2018 Value

± 5,974

1.18%

1 Year growth

± 6.78%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Toledo, OH grew at a rate of 1.18%, from 120k employees to 122k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Toledo, OH, are Production Occupations (14,081 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,927 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,604 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Toledo, OH.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Toledo, OH, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (14,081 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,927 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,604 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Toledo, OH has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.12 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.75 times), and Material Moving Occupations (1.62 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Toledo, OH, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($60,694), Legal Occupations ($60,432), and Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($60,086).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

122k

2018 Value

± 5,974

1.18%

1 Year growth

± 6.78%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Toledo, OH grew at a rate of 1.18%, from 120k employees to 122k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Toledo, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,076 people), Manufacturing (20,154 people), and Retail Trade (13,678 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Toledo, OH, though some of these residents may live in Toledo, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Toledo, OH, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (21,076 people), Manufacturing (20,154 people), and Retail Trade (13,678 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Toledo, OH has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (1.7 times higher than expected), Accommodation & Food Services (1.44 times), and Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.43 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Toledo, OH, by median earnings, are Utilities ($55,807), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($51,477), and Public Administration ($49,222).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $68.6B

  2. $67.9B

  3. $51B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $68.6B, followed by Motorized vehicles ($67.9B) and Machinery ($51B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Ohio products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Ohio state.

$675B

2020 Value

$952B

Projected 2045 Value

41.1% growth

In 2020, total outbound Ohio trade was $675B. This is expected to increase 41.1% to $952B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Ohio trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Ohio to other states, or from other states to Ohio.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $49.2B

  2. $37.6B

  3. $35.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Ohio domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Michigan with $49.2B, followed by Indiana with $37.6B and Pennsylvania and $35.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Ohio shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

92.3% of the population of Toledo, OH has health coverage, with 39.2% on employee plans, 31.3% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 8.6% on non-group plans, and 1.29% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Toledo, OH was $8,712 in 2014. This is a 5.14% increase from the previous year ($8,286).

Primary care physicians in Toledo, OH see 1095 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.62% decrease from the previous year (1113 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1476 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 473 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.8%). Additionally, Hocking County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (40.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Lucas County, OH.

1,095 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Lucas County, OH see an average of 1,095 patients per year. This represents a 1.62% decrease from the previous year (1,113 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lucas County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.

$8,712

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,371

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,007

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,038

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Ohio (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.14%, from $8,286 to $8,712.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

7.75%

Uninsured

39.2%

Employer Coverage

31.3%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

8.6%

Non-Group

1.29%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Toledo, OH grew by 36.8% from 5.66% to 7.75%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Toledo, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.8% prevalence

  2. 15.9% prevalence

  3. 15.3% prevalence

Scioto County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Ohio, at 16.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Ohio by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Toledo, OH is home to a population of 275k people, from which 98.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.79% of Toledo, OH residents were born outside of the country (10.5k people).

In 2018, there were 2.12 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (158k people) in Toledo, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 74.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 12.8k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

34

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.9

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 10.3

In 2018, the median age of all people in Toledo, OH was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 34, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Toledo, OH are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Toledo, OH residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.79%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

10.5k people

3.4%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

9.46k people

As of 2017, 3.79% of Toledo, OH residents (10.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Toledo, OH was 3.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Toledo, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.

Most Common Origin

  1. India

    62,221 ± 6,108 people

  2. Mexico

    44,382 ± 5,162 people

  3. China

    35,261 ± 4,603 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 62,221 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 44,382 and China with 35,261.

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Citizenship

98.1%

2018 Citizenship

97.7%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.1% of Toledo, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Toledo, OH was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Toledo, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Toledo, OH

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    158k ± 3.03k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    74.6k ± 3.63k

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    12.8k ± 2.88k

In 2018, there were 2.12 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (158k people) in Toledo, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 74.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 12.8k Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Toledo, OH as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    4,016 ± 898

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,840 ± 642

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,544 ± 568

Toledo, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.18 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Toledo, OH awarded 5,375 degrees. The student population of Toledo, OH is skewed towards women, with 10,409 male students and 12,155 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Toledo, OH are White (3,613 and 75.8%), followed by Black or African American (592 and 12.4%), Hispanic or Latino (187 and 3.92%), and Asian (167 and 3.5%).

The largest universities in Toledo, OH by number of degrees awarded are University of Toledo (4,685 and 87.2%), Mercy College of Ohio (403 and 7.5%), and Toledo Public Schools Adult and Continuing Education (96 and 1.79%).

The most popular majors in Toledo, OH are Registered Nursing (490 and 9.12%), General Marketing & Marketing Management (303 and 5.64%), and General Business Administration & Management (198 and 3.68%).

The median tuition costs in Toledo, OH are $12,680 for private four year colleges, and $8,052 and $17,390 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 333 degrees awarded

  2. 251 degrees awarded

  3. 190 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Toledo, OH was Registered Nursing with 333 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Toledo, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,685 degrees awarded

  2. 403 degrees awarded

  3. 96 degrees awarded

$8,052

Median In-State Public

$12,680

Median Private

In 2017, the Toledo, OH institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Toledo with 4,685 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

2,425

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,950

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 2,425 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Toledo, OH, which is 0.822 times less than the 2,950 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Toledo, OH by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,613 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    592 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    187 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Toledo, OH were to White students. These 3,613 degrees mean that there were 6.1 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 592 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Toledo, OH was $79,900 in 2018, which is 0.348 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $78,400 to $79,900, a 1.91% increase. The homeownership rate in Toledo, OH is 50%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Toledo, OH have an average commute time of 19.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Toledo, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$79,900

2018 Median

± $3,913

$78,400

2017 Median

± $2,740

In 2018, the median property value in Toledo, OH grew to to $79,900 from the previous year's value of $78,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Toledo, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Toledo, OH the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$35,866

Median Household Income

± $2,014

117k

Number of Households

± 5,581

In 2018, the median household income of the 117k households in Toledo, OH declined from $35,866 from the previous year's value of $37,339.

The following chart displays the households in Toledo, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Toledo, OH distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Toledo, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

50%

2018 Homeownership

51%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 50% of the housing units in Toledo, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 51%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Toledo, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

19.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Toledo, OH have a shorter commute time (19.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.31% of the workforce in Toledo, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Toledo, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    81.1%

  2. Carpooled

    11%

  3. Public Transit

    2.6%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Toledo, OH was Drove Alone (81.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (11%) and those who Public Transit (2.6%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Toledo, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Toledo, OH have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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