Española, NM

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Population

10,069

0.886% decline

Poverty Rate

34.5%


Median Age

36.8


Median Household Income

$27,350

0.238% growth

Number of Employees

3,598

4.23% decline

Median Property Value

$154,300

5.18% growth

About

In 2017, Española, NM had a population of 10.1k people with a median age of 36.8 and a median household income of $27,350. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Española, NM declined from 10,159 to 10,069, a -0.886% decrease and its median household income grew from $27,285 to $27,350, a 0.238% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM are White (Hispanic) (60.3%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (21.9%), White (Non-Hispanic) (9.28%), Two or More Races (Hispanic) (3.34%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.48%). N/A% of the people in Española, NM speak a non-English language, and 93.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Española, NM are Northern New Mexico College (173 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Española, NM is $154,300, and the homeownership rate is 55.7%. Most people in Española, NM commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 23.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Española, NM is 2 cars per household.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New Mexico, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New Mexico (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for New Mexico. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New Mexico across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Española, NM employs 3.6k people. The largest industries in Española, NM are Health Care & Social Assistance (570 people), Accommodation & Food Services (429 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (419 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($66,250), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,799), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($46,983).

Median household income in Española, NM is $27,350. Males in Española, NM have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,925. The income inequality in Española, NM (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$27,350

2017 value

± $2,808

0.238%

1 Year Growth

± 19.9%

Households in Española, NM have a median annual income of $27,350, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $27,285 in 2016, which represents a 0.238% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

$54,854

Average Male Salary

± $2,038

$41,925

Average Female Salary

± $1,598

In 2017, full-time male employees in New Mexico made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $52,566 ± $11,622

  2. White

    $43,679 ± $1,381

  3. Black

    $41,055 ± $8,510

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New Mexico workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.2 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New Mexico by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Española, NM is from New Mexico.

0.462

2017 Wage GINI

0.463

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in New Mexico was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.278% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for New Mexico was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in New Mexico in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New Mexico across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9408

  2. Census Tract 9409

  3. Census Tract 9441

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Española, NM was Census Tract 9408 with a value of $44,115, followed by Census Tract 9409 and Census Tract 9441, with respective values of $32,460 and $32,389.

The following map shows all of the places in Española, NM colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females < 5

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

34.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Española, NM (3.45k out of 9.98k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females < 5, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Hispanic

    3,089 ± 307

  2. White

    2,707 ± 295

  3. Other

    597 ± 106

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Española, NM is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

3.6k

2017 Value

± 315

-4.23%

1 Year decline

± 13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of -4.23%, from 3.76k employees to 3.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Española, NM, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (517 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (402 people), and Management Occupations (330 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Española, NM.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Española, NM, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (517 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (402 people), and Management Occupations (330 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Española, NM has an unusually high number of residents working as Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (2.7 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (2.02 times), and Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Occupations (1.94 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Española, NM, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($74,191), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($73,500), and Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($73,347).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

3.6k

2017 Value

± 315

-4.23%

1 Year decline

± 13%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Española, NM declined at a rate of -4.23%, from 3.76k employees to 3.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Española, NM, are Health Care & Social Assistance (570 people), Accommodation & Food Services (429 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (419 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Española, NM, though some of these residents may live in Española, NM and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Española, NM, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (570 people), Accommodation & Food Services (429 people), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (419 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Española, NM has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (3.22 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.23 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.66 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Española, NM, by median earnings, are Information ($66,250), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,799), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($46,983).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $14.9B

  2. $13.1B

  3. $8.75B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $14.9B, followed by Crude petroleum ($13.1B) and Electronics ($8.75B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New Mexico products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New Mexico state.

$74.8B

2020 Value

$110B

Projected 2045 Value

47.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound New Mexico trade was $74.8B. This is expected to increase 47.6% to $110B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New Mexico trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New Mexico to other states, or from other states to New Mexico.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $10.6B

  2. $9.8B

  3. $6.35B

In 2015, the top outbound New Mexico domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $10.6B, followed by Arizona with $9.8B and Oregon and $6.35B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New Mexico shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

86.2% of the population of Española, NM has health coverage, with 30.5% on employee plans, 34.7% on Medicaid, 11.8% on Medicare, 8.15% on non-group plans, and 1.01% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Española, NM was $7,214 in 2014. This is a 5.16% increase from the previous year ($6,860).

Primary care physicians in Española, NM see 2467 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.43% increase from the previous year (2340 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1820 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 221 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (13.7%). Additionally, McKinley County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (35.1%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Rio Arriba County, NM.

2,467 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Rio Arriba County, NM see an average of 2,467 patients per year. This represents a 5.43% increase from the previous year (2,340 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Rio Arriba County, NM in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New Mexico.

$7,214

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,155

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,445

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$8,663

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New Mexico (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.16%, from $6,860 to $7,214.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

13.8%

Uninsured

30.5%

Employer Coverage

34.7%

Medicaid

11.8%

Medicare

8.15%

Non-Group

1.01%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Española, NM declined by 16.8% from 16.6% to 13.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Española, NM changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 13.7% prevalence

  2. 13.3% prevalence

  3. 10.9% prevalence

Cibola County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico, at 13.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New Mexico by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Española, NM is home to a population of 10.1k people, from which 93.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 9.97% of Española, NM residents were born outside of the country (1k people).

In 2017, there were 2.76 times more White (Hispanic) residents (6.07k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.2k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 934 White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

36

Median Native-Born Age

± 3.5

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.2

In 2017, the median age of all people in Española, NM was 36.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Española, NM are getting getting younger. In 2016, the average age of all Española, NM residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

9.97%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1k people

11.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.12k people

As of 2017, 9.97% of Española, NM residents (1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Española, NM was 11.1%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for New Mexico.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    145,710 ± 9,038 people

  2. Germany

    5,026 ± 1,738 people

  3. Philippines

    3,772 ± 1,506 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New Mexico was Mexico, the natal country of 145,710 New Mexico residents, followed by Germany with 5,026 and Philippines with 3,772.

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Citizenship

93.1%

2017 Citizenship

92.4%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 93.1% of Española, NM residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Española, NM was 92.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Española, NM compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Española, NM

  1. White (Hispanic)

    6.07k ± 329

  2. Some Other Race (Hispanic)

    2.2k ± 271

  3. White (Non-Hispanic)

    934 ± 127

In 2017, there were 2.76 times more White (Hispanic) residents (6.07k people) in Española, NM than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.2k Some Other Race (Hispanic) and 934 White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Española, NM as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    199 ± 56

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    48 ± 21

  3. Gulf War (2001-)

    41 ± 33

Española, NM has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 4.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Española, NM awarded 173 degrees. The student population of Española, NM is skewed towards women, with 365 male students and 583 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Española, NM are Hispanic or Latino (125 and 72.3%), followed by American Indian or Alaska Native (20 and 11.6%), White (19 and 11%), and Black or African American (6 and 3.47%).

The largest universities in Española, NM by number of degrees awarded are Northern New Mexico College (173 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Española, NM are General Business Administration & Management (23 and 13.3%), Other Electrical Engineering Technology (16 and 9.25%), and Environmental Science (13 and 7.51%).

The median tuition costs in Española, NM are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $3,260 and $12,114 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 8 degrees awarded

  2. 6 degrees awarded

  3. 14 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Española, NM was Social Work with 8 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Española, NM according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

173 degrees awarded

$3,260

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Española, NM institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northern New Mexico College with 173 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

74

Degrees Awarded to Men

99

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 74 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Española, NM, which is 0.747 times less than the 99 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Española, NM by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. Hispanic or Latino

    125 degrees awarded

  2. American Indian or Alaska Native

    20 degrees awarded

  3. White

    19 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Española, NM were to Hispanic or Latino students. These 125 degrees mean that there were 6.25 times more Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, American Indian or Alaska Native, with 20 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Española, NM was $154,300 in 2017, which is 0.672 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $146,700 to $154,300, a 5.18% increase. The homeownership rate in Española, NM is 55.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Española, NM have an average commute time of 23.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Española, NM is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$154,300

2017 Median

± $8,582

$146,700

2016 Median

± $12,167

In 2017, the median property value in Española, NM grew to to $154,300 from the previous year's value of $146,700.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Española, NM compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$27,350

Median Household Income

± $2,808

3.65k

Number of Households

± 262

In 2017, the median household income of the 3.65k households in Española, NM grew to $27,350 from the previous year's value of $27,285.

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Española, NM the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

55.7%

2017 Homeownership

59.9%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 55.7% of the housing units in Española, NM were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 59.9%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Española, NM compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

23.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Española, NM have a shorter commute time (23.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.08% of the workforce in Española, NM have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Española, NM compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.1%

  2. Carpooled

    8.36%

  3. Public Transit

    2.54%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Española, NM was Drove Alone (85.1%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.36%) and those who Public Transit (2.54%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Española, NM distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Española, NM have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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