Orlando, FL

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Population

285,705

1.94% growth

Poverty Rate

19.1%


Median Age

33.9


Median Household Income

$51,820

8.88% growth

Number of Employees

160,474

5.71% growth

Median Property Value

$262,700

12.9% growth

About

In 2018, Orlando, FL had a population of 286k people with a median age of 33.9 and a median household income of $51,820. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Orlando, FL grew from 280,258 to 285,705, a 1.94% increase and its median household income grew from $47,594 to $51,820, a 8.88% increase.

The population of Orlando, FL is 35.8% White Alone, 31.7% Hispanic or Latino, and 25.5% Black or African American Alone. N/A% of the people in Orlando, FL speak a non-English language, and 87.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Orlando, FL are Valencia College (12,948 degrees awarded in 2017), Adventist University of Health Sciences (517 degrees), and Orange Technical College-Orlando Campus (345 degrees).

The median property value in Orlando, FL is $262,700, and the homeownership rate is 36.7%. Most people in Orlando, FL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Orlando, FL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunset at Lake Eola in downtown Orlando, Florida.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Florida.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Florida compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Florida.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Florida across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Orlando, FL employs 160k people. The largest industries in Orlando, FL are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,765 people), Retail Trade (17,461 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (17,448 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,959), Finance & Insurance ($56,899), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($56,678).

Median household income in Orlando, FL is $51,820. Males in Orlando, FL have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,612. The income inequality in Orlando, FL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.474, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$51,820

2018 value

± $2,198

8.88%

1 Year Growth

± 6.25%

Households in Orlando, FL have a median annual income of $51,820, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $47,594 in 2017, which represents a 8.88% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Orlando, FL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

$62,257

Average Male Salary

± $878

$46,612

Average Female Salary

± $604

In 2018, full-time male employees in Florida made 1.34 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $56,219 ± $3,256

  2. White

    $51,352 ± $590

  3. American Indian

    $40,596 ± $5,196

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Florida workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.09 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Florida by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Orlando, FL is from Florida.

0.474

2018 Wage GINI

0.473

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Florida was 0.474 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.214% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 128

  2. Census Tract 148.11

  3. Census Tract 126

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Orlando, FL was Census Tract 128 with a value of $104,385, followed by Census Tract 148.11 and Census Tract 126, with respective values of $92,262 and $82,339.

The following map shows all of the places in Orlando, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Orlando, FL (51k out of 267k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    25,516 ± 1,373

  2. Black

    18,854 ± 1,207

  3. Hispanic

    18,486 ± 1,175

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Orlando, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

160k

2018 Value

± 8,508

5.71%

1 Year growth

± 6.95%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orlando, FL grew at a rate of 5.71%, from 152k employees to 160k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Orlando, FL, are Sales & Related Occupations (19,619 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,400 people), and Management Occupations (16,421 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Orlando, FL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Orlando, FL, by number of employees, are Sales & Related Occupations (19,619 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,400 people), and Management Occupations (16,421 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Orlando, FL has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (1.6 times higher than expected), Personal Care & Service Occupations (1.45 times), and Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.31 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Orlando, FL, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($76,970), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($65,433), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,447).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

160k

2018 Value

± 8,508

5.71%

1 Year growth

± 6.95%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Orlando, FL grew at a rate of 5.71%, from 152k employees to 160k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Orlando, FL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,765 people), Retail Trade (17,461 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (17,448 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Orlando, FL, though some of these residents may live in Orlando, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Orlando, FL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (20,765 people), Retail Trade (17,461 people), and Accommodation & Food Services (17,448 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Orlando, FL has an unusually high number of Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation (2.37 times higher than expected), Management of Companies & Enterprises (1.97 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.8 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Orlando, FL, by median earnings, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,959), Finance & Insurance ($56,899), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($56,678).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $63.5B

  2. $51.6B

  3. $41.8B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $63.5B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($51.6B) and Electronics ($41.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida state.

$497B

2020 Value

$714B

Projected 2045 Value

43.6% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $497B. This is expected to increase 43.6% to $714B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $19.5B

  2. $16.6B

  3. $11.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $19.5B, followed by Texas with $16.6B and California and $11.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

83.3% of the population of Orlando, FL has health coverage, with 44.1% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 7.54% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 0.882% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Orlando, FL was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Orlando, FL see 1207 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.07% decrease from the previous year (1220 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2100 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 507 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (16.9%). Additionally, Liberty County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.6%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Orange County, FL.

1,207 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Orange County, FL see an average of 1,207 patients per year. This represents a 1.07% decrease from the previous year (1,220 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Orange County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

$8,076

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,606

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,175

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,229

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Florida (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.05%, from $7,688 to $8,076.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

16.7%

Uninsured

44.1%

Employer Coverage

17.6%

Medicaid

7.54%

Medicare

13.1%

Non-Group

0.882%

Military or VA

Between N/A and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Orlando, FL stayed by NaNk% from N/A% to 16.7%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Orlando, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 16.9% prevalence

  2. 15.8% prevalence

  3. 15.5% prevalence

Gadsden County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Florida, at 16.9%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Florida by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Orlando, FL is home to a population of 286k people, from which 87.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 19.1% of Orlando, FL residents were born outside of the country (53.5k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Orlando, FL is composed of 102k White Alone residents (35.8%), 90.7k Hispanic or Latino residents (31.7%), 72.8k Black or African American Alone residents (25.5%), 9.91k Asian Alone residents (3.47%), 7.14k Two or More Races residents (2.5%), 2.79k Some Other Race Alone residents (0.977%), 145 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0508%), and 84 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0294%).

Age

Age by Nativity

32

Median Native-Born Age

± 1

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 1.6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Orlando, FL was 33.9. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 32, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Orlando, FL are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Orlando, FL residents was 33.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

19.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

53.5k people

17.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

48.6k people

As of 2017, 19.1% of Orlando, FL residents (53.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Orlando, FL was 17.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Orlando, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.

Most Common Origin

  1. Cuba

    1,028,508 ± 24,290 people

  2. Haiti

    339,246 ± 14,186 people

  3. Colombia

    285,400 ± 13,028 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,028,508 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 339,246 and Colombia with 285,400.

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Citizenship

87.2%

2018 Citizenship

84.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 87.2% of Orlando, FL residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Orlando, FL was 84.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Orlando, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    102k ± 7.27k

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    90.7k ± 9.44k

  3. Black or African American Alone

    72.8k ± 7.35k

In 2018, there were 1.13 times more White Alone residents (102k people) in Orlando, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 90.7k Hispanic or Latino and 72.8k Black or African American Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Orlando, FL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. false

    0 ± 0

  2. false

    0 ± 0

  3. false

    0 ± 0

Orlando, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in false, N/A times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Orlando, FL awarded 14,157 degrees. The student population of Orlando, FL is skewed towards women, with 20,690 male students and 27,945 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Orlando, FL are White (4,719 and 34.5%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (4,620 and 33.8%), Black or African American (2,210 and 16.2%), and Unknown (1,036 and 7.58%).

The largest universities in Orlando, FL by number of degrees awarded are Valencia College (12,948 and 91.5%), Adventist University of Health Sciences (517 and 3.65%), and Orange Technical College-Orlando Campus (345 and 2.44%).

The most popular majors in Orlando, FL are Liberal Arts & Sciences (6,610 and 46.7%), General Business Administration & Management (1,298 and 9.17%), and Registered Nursing (445 and 3.14%).

The median tuition costs in Orlando, FL are $13,800 for private four year colleges, and $1,984 and $7,933 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 220 degrees awarded

  2. 6,610 degrees awarded

  3. 254 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Orlando, FL was General Business Administration & Management with 220 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Orlando, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,948 degrees awarded

  2. 517 degrees awarded

  3. 345 degrees awarded

$1,984

Median In-State Public

$13,800

Median Private

In 2017, the Orlando, FL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Valencia College with 12,948 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,151

Degrees Awarded to Men

8,006

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,151 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Orlando, FL, which is 0.768 times less than the 8,006 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Orlando, FL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    4,719 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    4,620 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    2,210 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Orlando, FL were to White students. These 4,719 degrees mean that there were 1.02 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 4,620 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Orlando, FL was $262,700 in 2018, which is 1.14 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $232,600 to $262,700, a 12.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Orlando, FL is 36.7%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Orlando, FL have an average commute time of 25.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Orlando, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$262,700

2018 Median

± $14,974

$232,600

2017 Median

± $12,709

In 2018, the median property value in Orlando, FL grew to to $262,700 from the previous year's value of $232,600.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Orlando, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orlando, FL the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$51,820

Median Household Income

± $2,198

114k

Number of Households

± 6,517

In 2018, the median household income of the 114k households in Orlando, FL grew to $51,820 from the previous year's value of $47,594.

The following chart displays the households in Orlando, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $60k - $75k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Orlando, FL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Orlando, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

36.7%

2018 Homeownership

33.4%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 36.7% of the housing units in Orlando, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 33.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Orlando, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Orlando, FL have a shorter commute time (25.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.65% of the workforce in Orlando, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Orlando, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    82.2%

  2. Carpooled

    8.44%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.64%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Orlando, FL was Drove Alone (82.2%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.44%) and those who Worked At Home (3.64%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Orlando, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Orlando, FL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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