Denver, CO

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Population

716,492

1.68% growth

Poverty Rate

15.1%


Median Age

34.6


Median Household Income

$68,377

4.83% growth

Number of Employees

418,381

4% growth

Median Property Value

$435,100

10.1% growth

About

In 2018, Denver, CO had a population of 716k people with a median age of 34.6 and a median household income of $68,377. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Denver, CO grew from 704,621 to 716,492, a 1.68% increase and its median household income grew from $65,224 to $68,377, a 4.83% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Denver, CO are White (Non-Hispanic) (54.3%), White (Hispanic) (21.7%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.48%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (5.85%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.68%). N/A% of the people in Denver, CO speak a non-English language, and 91.9% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Denver, CO are University of Denver (4,562 degrees awarded in 2017), Metropolitan State University of Denver (3,674 degrees), and Regis University (2,819 degrees).

The median property value in Denver, CO is $435,100, and the homeownership rate is 49.3%. Most people in Denver, CO commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 22.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Denver, CO is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Sunrise over downtown Denver

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Colorado, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Colorado (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Colorado. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Colorado across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Denver, CO employs 418k people. The largest industries in Denver, CO are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (56,302 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (45,882 people), and Retail Trade (39,142 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($131,204), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,083), and Finance & Insurance ($71,556).

Median household income in Denver, CO is $68,377. Males in Denver, CO have an average income that is 1.31 times higher than the average income of females, which is $54,774. The income inequality in Denver, CO (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$68,377

2018 value

± $2,873

4.83%

1 Year Growth

± 5.6%

Households in Denver, CO have a median annual income of $68,377, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $65,224 in 2017, which represents a 4.83% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Denver, CO compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

$71,627

Average Male Salary

± $1,528

$54,774

Average Female Salary

± $1,246

In 2018, full-time male employees in Colorado made 1.31 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $64,200 ± $6,182

  2. White

    $57,410 ± $991

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $52,978 ± $31,442

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Colorado workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.12 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Colorado by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Denver, CO is from Colorado.

0.46

2018 Wage GINI

0.471

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Colorado was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 2.24% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Colorado was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Colorado in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Colorado across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 43.03

  2. Census Tract 32.03

  3. Census Tract 41.06

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Denver, CO was Census Tract 43.03 with a value of $179,653, followed by Census Tract 32.03 and Census Tract 41.06, with respective values of $173,750 and $142,083.

The following map shows all of the places in Denver, CO colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Denver, CO (101k out of 666k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    67,950 ± 1,942

  2. Hispanic

    44,968 ± 1,575

  3. Black

    16,705 ± 983

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Denver, CO is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

418k

2018 Value

± 11,412

4%

1 Year growth

± 3.63%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Denver, CO grew at a rate of 4%, from 402k employees to 418k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Denver, CO, are Management Occupations (54,199 people), Sales & Related Occupations (40,940 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (40,932 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Denver, CO.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Denver, CO, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (54,199 people), Sales & Related Occupations (40,940 people), and Office & Administrative Support Occupations (40,932 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Denver, CO has an unusually high number of residents working as Legal Occupations (2.03 times higher than expected), Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.56 times), and Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Occupations (1.55 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Denver, CO, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($91,716), Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($86,256), and Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($77,655).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

418k

2018 Value

± 11,412

4%

1 Year growth

± 3.63%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Denver, CO grew at a rate of 4%, from 402k employees to 418k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Denver, CO, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (56,302 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (45,882 people), and Retail Trade (39,142 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Denver, CO, though some of these residents may live in Denver, CO and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Denver, CO, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (56,302 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (45,882 people), and Retail Trade (39,142 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Denver, CO has an unusually high number of Information (1.98 times higher than expected), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction (1.8 times), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.79 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Denver, CO, by median earnings, are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($131,204), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($72,083), and Finance & Insurance ($71,556).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $35B

  2. $24.9B

  3. $18.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado product (by dollars) was Coal-n.e.c. with $35B, followed by Mixed freight ($24.9B) and Electronics ($18.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Colorado products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Colorado state.

$229B

2020 Value

$314B

Projected 2045 Value

37.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Colorado trade was $229B. This is expected to increase 37.2% to $314B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Colorado trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Colorado to other states, or from other states to Colorado.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $13.9B

  2. $10.6B

  3. $8.3B

In 2015, the top outbound Colorado domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Wyoming with $13.9B, followed by Nebraska with $10.6B and California and $8.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Colorado shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

90.4% of the population of Denver, CO has health coverage, with 47.8% on employee plans, 20.1% on Medicaid, 8.84% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 0.945% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Denver, CO was $6,804 in 2014. This is a 5.13% increase from the previous year ($6,472).

Primary care physicians in Denver, CO see 772 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.515% decrease from the previous year (776 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1438 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 201 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (8.8%). Additionally, Logan County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (28.9%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Denver County, CO.

772 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Denver County, CO see an average of 772 patients per year. This represents a 0.515% decrease from the previous year (776 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Denver County, CO in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Colorado.

$6,804

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,623

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,143

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,287

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Colorado (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 5.13%, from $6,472 to $6,804.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

9.59%

Uninsured

47.8%

Employer Coverage

20.1%

Medicaid

8.84%

Medicare

12.7%

Non-Group

0.945%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Denver, CO grew by 6.01% from 9.05% to 9.59%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Denver, CO changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 8.8% prevalence

  2. 8.7% prevalence

  3. 8.4% prevalence

Fremont County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Colorado, at 8.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Colorado by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Denver, CO is home to a population of 716k people, from which 91.9% are citizens. As of 2017, 15.2% of Denver, CO residents were born outside of the country (107k people).

In 2018, there were 2.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (389k people) in Denver, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 156k White (Hispanic) and 60.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

33

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Denver, CO was 34.6. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 33, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Denver, CO are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Denver, CO residents was 35.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

15.2%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

107k people

15.2%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

105k people

As of 2017, 15.2% of Denver, CO residents (107k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Denver, CO was 15.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Denver, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Colorado.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    221,927 ± 11,338 people

  2. India

    25,376 ± 3,902 people

  3. China

    18,220 ± 3,309 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Colorado was Mexico, the natal country of 221,927 Colorado residents, followed by India with 25,376 and China with 18,220.

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Citizenship

91.9%

2018 Citizenship

90.7%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 91.9% of Denver, CO residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Denver, CO was 90.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Denver, CO compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Denver, CO

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    389k ± 901

  2. White (Hispanic)

    156k ± 6.91k

  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    60.7k ± 2.74k

In 2018, there were 2.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (389k people) in Denver, CO than any other race or ethnicity. There were 156k White (Hispanic) and 60.7k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Denver, CO as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    10,103 ± 1,318

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,639 ± 1,474

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,584 ± 1,025

Denver, CO has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.52 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Denver, CO awarded 15,865 degrees. The student population of Denver, CO is skewed towards women, with 28,025 male students and 35,953 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Denver, CO are White (9,369 and 61.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (2,571 and 17%), Unknown (944 and 6.24%), and Black or African American (908 and 6%).

The largest universities in Denver, CO by number of degrees awarded are University of Denver (4,562 and 28.8%), Metropolitan State University of Denver (3,674 and 23.2%), and Regis University (2,819 and 17.8%).

The most popular majors in Denver, CO are Registered Nursing (850 and 5.36%), General Business Administration & Management (688 and 4.34%), and Social Work (509 and 3.21%).

The median tuition costs in Denver, CO are $33,209 for private four year colleges, and $4,766 and $16,019 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 827 degrees awarded

  2. 409 degrees awarded

  3. 354 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Denver, CO was Registered Nursing with 827 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Denver, CO according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 4,562 degrees awarded

  2. 3,674 degrees awarded

  3. 2,819 degrees awarded

$4,766

Median In-State Public

$33,209

Median Private

In 2017, the Denver, CO institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Denver with 4,562 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

6,070

Degrees Awarded to Men

9,795

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 6,070 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Denver, CO, which is 0.62 times less than the 9,795 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Denver, CO by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    9,369 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    2,571 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    944 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Denver, CO were to White students. These 9,369 degrees mean that there were 3.64 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 2,571 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Denver, CO was $435,100 in 2018, which is 1.89 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $395,100 to $435,100, a 10.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Denver, CO is 49.3%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Denver, CO have an average commute time of 22.9 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Denver, CO is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$435,100

2018 Median

± $9,463

$395,100

2017 Median

± $7,531

In 2018, the median property value in Denver, CO grew to to $435,100 from the previous year's value of $395,100.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Denver, CO compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Denver, CO the largest share of households have a property value in the $500k - $750k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$68,377

Median Household Income

± $2,873

310k

Number of Households

± 9,401

In 2018, the median household income of the 310k households in Denver, CO grew to $68,377 from the previous year's value of $65,224.

The following chart displays the households in Denver, CO distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Denver, CO distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Denver, CO the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

49.3%

2018 Homeownership

50%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 49.3% of the housing units in Denver, CO were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 50%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Denver, CO compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

22.9 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Denver, CO have a shorter commute time (22.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.1% of the workforce in Denver, CO have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Denver, CO compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68.5%

  2. Worked At Home

    8.72%

  3. Carpooled

    7.76%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Denver, CO was Drove Alone (68.5%), followed by those who Worked At Home (8.72%) and those who Carpooled (7.76%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Denver, CO distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Denver, CO have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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