Columbia, CA

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Population

2,329

15.9% decline

Poverty Rate

19.5%


Median Age

49.7


Median Household Income

$37,260

13.8% decline

Number of Employees

686

13.8% decline

Median Property Value

$224,000

18.2% growth

About

In 2017, Columbia, CA had a population of 2.33k people with a median age of 49.7 and a median household income of $37,260. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Columbia, CA declined from 2,770 to 2,329, a -15.9% decrease and its median household income declined from $43,250 to $37,260, a -13.8% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia, CA are White (Non-Hispanic) (87.4%), Two or More Races (Hispanic) (4.29%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (3.48%), White (Hispanic) (3.05%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.03%). N/A% of the people in Columbia, CA speak a non-English language, and 99.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Columbia, CA are Columbia College (368 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Columbia, CA is $224,000, and the homeownership rate is 66.1%. Most people in Columbia, CA commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia, CA is 1 car per household.

About the photo: Lake Mono in Mono County, CA

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in California, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of California across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Columbia, CA employs 686 people. The largest industries in Columbia, CA are Accommodation & Food Services (127 people), Educational Services (82 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (71 people), and the highest paying industries are Construction ($93,846), Public Administration ($89,922), and Educational Services ($71,250).

Median household income in Columbia, CA is $37,260. Males in Columbia, CA have an average income that is 1.26 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,252. The income inequality in Columbia, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.5, which is higher than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$37,260

2017 value

± $7,633

-13.8%

1 Year Growth

± 38.9%

Households in Columbia, CA have a median annual income of $37,260, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $43,250 in 2016, which represents a -13.8% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Columbia, CA compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

$72,235

Average Male Salary

± $699

$57,252

Average Female Salary

± $582

In 2017, full-time male employees in California made 1.26 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $65,946 ± $1,081

  2. White

    $59,925 ± $556

  3. Two or More Races

    $49,289 ± $1,826

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of California workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.1 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in California by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia, CA is from California.

0.5

2017 Wage GINI

0.5

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in California was 0.5 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.16% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for California was higher than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in California in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in California across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. N/A

  2. N/A

  3. N/A

In 2017, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia, CA was N/A with a value of N/A, followed by N/A and N/A, with respective values of N/A and N/A.

The following map shows all of the places in Columbia, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 55 - 64

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia, CA (433 out of 2.22k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Males 55 - 64.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    349 ± 120

  2. Two Or More

    84 ± 110

  3. Hispanic

    68 ± 110

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia, CA is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

686

2017 Value

± 196

-13.8%

1 Year decline

± 45.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia, CA declined at a rate of -13.8%, from 796 employees to 686 employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia, CA, are Management Occupations (176 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (125 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (82 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia, CA.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Columbia, CA, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (176 people), Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (125 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (82 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbia, CA has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (5.44 times higher than expected), Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors (4.23 times), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (3.12 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Columbia, CA, by median earnings, are Protective Service Occupations ($89,141), Education, Legal, Community Service, Arts, & Media Occupations ($75,469), and Education Information, & Library Occupations ($71,250).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

686

2017 Value

± 196

-13.8%

1 Year decline

± 45.8%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Columbia, CA declined at a rate of -13.8%, from 796 employees to 686 employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia, CA, are Accommodation & Food Services (127 people), Educational Services (82 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (71 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia, CA, though some of these residents may live in Columbia, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Columbia, CA, by number of employees, are Accommodation & Food Services (127 people), Educational Services (82 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (71 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other places, Columbia, CA has an unusually high number of Accommodation & Food Services (2.43 times higher than expected), Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (2.24 times), and Utilities (1.97 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Columbia, CA, by median earnings, are Construction ($93,846), Public Administration ($89,922), and Educational Services ($71,250).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $232B

  2. $172B

  3. $136B

In 2015, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $232B, followed by Mixed freight ($172B) and Gasoline ($136B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California state.

$1.7T

2020 Value

$2.48T

Projected 2045 Value

46.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $1.7T. This is expected to increase 46.3% to $2.48T by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $71.8B

  2. $46.9B

  3. $34B

In 2015, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $71.8B, followed by Arizona with $46.9B and Washington and $34B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

98.2% of the population of Columbia, CA has health coverage, with 31.1% on employee plans, 28.6% on Medicaid, 22.7% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.98% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the place of Columbia, CA was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in Columbia, CA see 1168 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.01% increase from the previous year (1145 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 854 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 699 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (10.6%). Additionally, Tulare County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (33.4%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Tuolumne County, CA.

1,168 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Tuolumne County, CA see an average of 1,168 patients per year. This represents a 2.01% increase from the previous year (1,145 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Tuolumne County, CA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

$7,549

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,735

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,368

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$11,833

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in California (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.04%, from $7,256 to $7,549.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

1.76%

Uninsured

31.1%

Employer Coverage

28.6%

Medicaid

22.7%

Medicare

13.8%

Non-Group

1.98%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia, CA grew by 31.8% from 1.34% to 1.76%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 10.6% prevalence

  2. 10.5% prevalence

  3. 10.3% prevalence

Tehama County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in California, at 10.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in California by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Columbia, CA is home to a population of 2.33k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.67% of Columbia, CA residents were born outside of the country (39 people).

In 2017, there were 20.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.04k people) in Columbia, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 100 Two or More Races (Hispanic) and 81 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

49

Median Native-Born Age

± 12

73

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 13.7

In 2017, the median age of all people in Columbia, CA was 49.7. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 49, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 73. But people in Columbia, CA are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Columbia, CA residents was 44.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.67%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

39 people

1.81%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

50 people

As of 2017, 1.67% of Columbia, CA residents (39 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia, CA was 1.81%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for California.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    4,212,695 ± 47,591 people

  2. Philippines

    836,199 ± 22,209 people

  3. China

    612,429 ± 19,062 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of California was Mexico, the natal country of 4,212,695 California residents, followed by Philippines with 836,199 and China with 612,429.

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Citizenship

99.5%

2017 Citizenship

99.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.5% of Columbia, CA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia, CA was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia, CA

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    2.04k ± 348

  2. Two or More Races (Hispanic)

    100 ± 83.1

  3. Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic)

    81 ± 47.9

In 2017, there were 20.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (2.04k people) in Columbia, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 100 Two or More Races (Hispanic) and 81 Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia, CA as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    133 ± 63

  2. World War II

    36 ± 46

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    9 ± 18

Columbia, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.69 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Columbia, CA awarded 368 degrees. The student population of Columbia, CA is skewed towards women, with 1,159 male students and 1,386 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Columbia, CA are White (287 and 78%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (44 and 12%), Asian (14 and 3.8%), and Black or African American (9 and 2.45%).

The largest universities in Columbia, CA by number of degrees awarded are Columbia College (368 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Columbia, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (77 and 20.9%), Automobile Mechanics Technology (47 and 12.8%), and General Health Services (34 and 9.24%).

The median tuition costs in Columbia, CA are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 77 degrees awarded

  2. 34 degrees awarded

  3. 16 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Columbia, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 77 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Columbia, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

368 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Columbia, CA institution with the largest number of graduating students was Columbia College with 368 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

168

Degrees Awarded to Men

200

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 168 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Columbia, CA, which is 0.84 times less than the 200 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Columbia, CA by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    287 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    44 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    14 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Columbia, CA were to White students. These 287 degrees mean that there were 6.52 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 44 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia, CA was $224,000 in 2017, which is 0.975 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $189,500 to $224,000, a 18.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia, CA is 66.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Columbia, CA have an average commute time of 21 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Columbia, CA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Housing

Property Value

$224,000

2017 Median

± $34,889

$189,500

2016 Median

± $46,053

In 2017, the median property value in Columbia, CA grew to to $224,000 from the previous year's value of $189,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Columbia, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, CA the largest share of households have a property value in the $400k - $500k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$37,260

Median Household Income

± $7,633

1.09k

Number of Households

± 213

In 2017, the median household income of the 1.09k households in Columbia, CA declined from $37,260 from the previous year's value of $43,250.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $100k - $125k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Columbia, CA distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

66.1%

2017 Homeownership

72.1%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 66.1% of the housing units in Columbia, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72.1%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Columbia, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia, CA have a shorter commute time (21 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 0% of the workforce in Columbia, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    68.2%

  2. Other

    14.1%

  3. Worked At Home

    7.3%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Columbia, CA was Drove Alone (68.2%), followed by those who Other (14.1%) and those who Worked At Home (7.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

1 car

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia, CA have 1 car, followed by 3 cars.

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