Penobscot County, ME

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Population

152,284

0.454% decline

Poverty Rate

15.9%


Median Age

41.8


Median Household Income

$47,886

5.7% growth

Number of Employees

72,746

0.321% growth

Median Property Value

$137,900

0.657% growth

About

In 2017, Penobscot County, ME had a population of 152k people with a median age of 41.8 and a median household income of $47,886. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Penobscot County, ME declined from 152,978 to 152,284, a -0.454% decrease and its median household income grew from $45,302 to $47,886, a 5.7% increase.

The population of Penobscot County, ME is 94% White Alone, 1.81% Two or More Races, and 1.27% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Penobscot County, ME speak a non-English language, and 98.6% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Penobscot County, ME are University of Maine (2,304 degrees awarded in 2017), Husson University (882 degrees), and Eastern Maine Community College (399 degrees).

The median property value in Penobscot County, ME is $137,900, and the homeownership rate is 69.7%. Most people in Penobscot County, ME commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Penobscot County, ME is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The older suspension bridge is in front of the new cable-stayed bridge across the Penobscot River. Taken from Fort Knox. Verona Island across the water.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maine.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Maine compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maine (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Maine.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maine across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Penobscot County, ME employs 72.7k people. The largest industries in Penobscot County, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,729 people), Retail Trade (11,162 people), and Educational Services (9,820 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($136,667), Utilities ($58,988), and Finance & Insurance ($45,999).

Median household income in Penobscot County, ME is $47,886. Males in Penobscot County, ME have an average income that is 1.3 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,792. The income inequality in Penobscot County, ME (measured using the Gini index) is 0.447, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,886

2017 value

± $1,189

5.7%

1 Year Growth

± 3.36%

Households in Penobscot County, ME have a median annual income of $47,886, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,302 in 2016, which represents a 5.7% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Penobscot County, ME compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

$58,075

Average Male Salary

± $2,642

$44,792

Average Female Salary

± $1,926

In 2017, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.3 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $48,746 ± $19,436

  2. White

    $43,832 ± $1,466

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $41,588 ± $101,474

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.11 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Penobscot County, ME is from Maine.

0.447

2017 Wage GINI

0.45

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Maine was 0.447 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.62% decline from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2017 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 20

  2. Census Tract 62

  3. Census Tract 100

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Penobscot County, ME was Census Tract 20 with a value of $87,708, followed by Census Tract 62 and Census Tract 100, with respective values of $73,514 and $70,762.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Penobscot County, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

15.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Penobscot County, ME (23.1k out of 146k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    21,202 ± 956

  2. Two Or More

    747 ± 170

  3. Native American

    714 ± 147

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Penobscot County, ME is White, followed by Two Or More and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

72.7k

2017 Value

± 1,721

0.321%

1 Year growth

± 3.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Penobscot County, ME grew at a rate of 0.321%, from 72.5k employees to 72.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Penobscot County, ME, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,550 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,259 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (5,931 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Penobscot County, ME.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Penobscot County, ME, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (9,550 people), Sales & Related Occupations (8,259 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (5,931 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Penobscot County, ME has an unusually high number of residents working as Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.47 times higher than expected), Healthcare Support Occupations (1.44 times), and Health Technologists & Technicians (1.41 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Penobscot County, ME, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($64,039), Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Occupations ($57,114), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($56,607).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

72.7k

2017 Value

± 1,721

0.321%

1 Year growth

± 3.31%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Penobscot County, ME grew at a rate of 0.321%, from 72.5k employees to 72.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Penobscot County, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,729 people), Retail Trade (11,162 people), and Educational Services (9,820 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Penobscot County, ME, though some of these residents may live in Penobscot County, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Penobscot County, ME, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (14,729 people), Retail Trade (11,162 people), and Educational Services (9,820 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Penobscot County, ME has an unusually high number of Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.55 times higher than expected), Health Care & Social Assistance (1.46 times), and Educational Services (1.46 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Penobscot County, ME, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($136,667), Utilities ($58,988), and Finance & Insurance ($45,999).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $8.58B

  2. $3.57B

  3. $3.34B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $8.58B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.57B) and Machinery ($3.34B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maine state.

$45.4B

2020 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

25.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maine trade was $45.4B. This is expected to increase 25.2% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.76B

  2. $3.36B

  3. $2.86B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.76B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.36B and New York and $2.86B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.7% of the population of Penobscot County, ME has health coverage, with 44.9% on employee plans, 17.5% on Medicaid, 11% on Medicare, 13.7% on non-group plans, and 2.58% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Penobscot County, ME was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Penobscot County, ME see 791 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.67% increase from the previous year (763 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1320 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 205 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

791 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Penobscot County, ME see an average of 791 patients per year. This represents a 3.67% increase from the previous year (763 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Penobscot County, ME in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.3%

Uninsured

44.9%

Employer Coverage

17.5%

Medicaid

11%

Medicare

13.7%

Non-Group

2.58%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Penobscot County, ME declined by 1.8% from 10.5% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Penobscot County, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Penobscot County, ME is home to a population of 152k people, from which 98.6% are citizens. As of 2017, 2.68% of Penobscot County, ME residents were born outside of the country (4.09k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Penobscot County, ME is composed of 143k White Alone residents (94%), 2.75k Two or More Races residents (1.81%), 1.94k Hispanic or Latino residents (1.27%), 1.59k Asian Alone residents (1.04%), 1.53k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (1.01%), 1.15k Black or African American Alone residents (0.755%), 82 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.0538%), and 28 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.0184%).

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.3

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4.1

In 2017, the median age of all people in Penobscot County, ME was 41.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Penobscot County, ME are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Penobscot County, ME residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.68%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

4.09k people

2.74%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

4.2k people

As of 2017, 2.68% of Penobscot County, ME residents (4.09k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Penobscot County, ME was 2.74%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Penobscot County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    9,674 ± 2,406 people

  2. Philippines

    2,503 ± 1,227 people

  3. China

    2,372 ± 1,195 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 9,674 Maine residents, followed by Philippines with 2,503 and China with 2,372.

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Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

98.6%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 98.6% of Penobscot County, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Penobscot County, ME was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Penobscot County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    143k ± 89

  2. Two or More Races

    2.75k ± 250

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.94k ± 284

In 2017, there were 52.1 times more White Alone residents (143k people) in Penobscot County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.75k Two or More Races and 1.94k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Penobscot County, ME as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    3,991 ± 281

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    1,963 ± 328

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,563 ± 237

Penobscot County, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.03 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Penobscot County, ME awarded 3,693 degrees. The student population of Penobscot County, ME is skewed towards women, with 8,448 male students and 9,255 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Penobscot County, ME are White (3,041 and 85.6%), followed by Unknown (192 and 5.41%), Hispanic or Latino (81 and 2.28%), and Two or More Races (74 and 2.08%).

The largest universities in Penobscot County, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Maine (2,304 and 62.4%), Husson University (882 and 23.9%), and Eastern Maine Community College (399 and 10.8%).

The most popular majors in Penobscot County, ME are General Business Administration & Management (362 and 9.8%), Registered Nursing (161 and 4.36%), and General Psychology (141 and 3.82%).

The median tuition costs in Penobscot County, ME are $16,530 for private four year colleges, and $8,580 and $27,960 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 129 degrees awarded

  2. 128 degrees awarded

  3. 185 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Penobscot County, ME was General Psychology with 129 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Penobscot County, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 2,304 degrees awarded

  2. 882 degrees awarded

  3. 399 degrees awarded

$8,580

Median In-State Public

$16,530

Median Private

In 2017, the Penobscot County, ME institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maine with 2,304 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,690

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,003

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,690 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Penobscot County, ME, which is 0.844 times less than the 2,003 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Penobscot County, ME by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,041 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    192 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    81 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Penobscot County, ME were to White students. These 3,041 degrees mean that there were 15.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 192 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Penobscot County, ME was $137,900 in 2017, which is 0.6 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $137,000 to $137,900, a 0.657% increase. The homeownership rate in Penobscot County, ME is 69.7%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Penobscot County, ME have an average commute time of 21.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Penobscot County, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$137,900

2017 Median

± $2,832

$137,000

2016 Median

± $2,863

In 2017, the median property value in Penobscot County, ME grew to to $137,900 from the previous year's value of $137,000.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Penobscot County, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Penobscot County, ME the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,886

Median Household Income

± $1,189

61.8k

Number of Households

± 1,465

In 2017, the median household income of the 61.8k households in Penobscot County, ME grew to $47,886 from the previous year's value of $45,302.

The following chart displays the households in Penobscot County, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$800 - $1,499

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Penobscot County, ME distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Penobscot County, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

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Rent vs Own

69.7%

2017 Homeownership

68.4%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 69.7% of the housing units in Penobscot County, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 68.4%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Penobscot County, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Penobscot County, ME have a shorter commute time (21.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 2.57% of the workforce in Penobscot County, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Penobscot County, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    79.7%

  2. Carpooled

    10.8%

  3. Worked At Home

    4.13%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Penobscot County, ME was Drove Alone (79.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (10.8%) and those who Worked At Home (4.13%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Penobscot County, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Penobscot County, ME have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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