Cumberland County, ME

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Population

293,557

0.361% growth

Poverty Rate

10.7%


Median Age

42.1


Median Household Income

$72,452

0.663% growth

Number of Employees

167,779

4.1% growth

Median Property Value

$294,400

7.68% growth

About

In 2018, Cumberland County, ME had a population of 294k people with a median age of 42.1 and a median household income of $72,452. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Cumberland County, ME grew from 292,500 to 293,557, a 0.361% increase and its median household income grew from $71,975 to $72,452, a 0.663% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, ME are White (Non-Hispanic) (90%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.04%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.31%), Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (2.18%), and White (Hispanic) (1.56%). N/A% of the people in Cumberland County, ME speak a non-English language, and 97.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cumberland County, ME are University of Southern Maine (1,757 degrees awarded in 2017), Southern Maine Community College (784 degrees), and Saint Joseph's College of Maine (724 degrees).

The median property value in Cumberland County, ME is $294,400, and the homeownership rate is 68.6%. Most people in Cumberland County, ME commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Cumberland County, ME is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Presumpscot River

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Maine. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maine, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maine (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Maine. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maine across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Cumberland County, ME employs 168k people. The largest industries in Cumberland County, ME are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,747 people), Retail Trade (20,113 people), and Educational Services (17,277 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($72,284), Finance & Insurance ($64,979), and Public Administration ($61,193).

Median household income in Cumberland County, ME is $72,452. Males in Cumberland County, ME have an average income that is 1.21 times higher than the average income of females, which is $49,138. The income inequality in Cumberland County, ME (measured using the Gini index) is 0.428, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$72,452

2018 value

± $3,523

0.663%

1 Year Growth

± 6.93%

Households in Cumberland County, ME have a median annual income of $72,452, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $71,975 in 2017, which represents a 0.663% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, ME compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

$59,294

Average Male Salary

± $2,534

$49,138

Average Female Salary

± $1,894

In 2018, full-time male employees in Maine made 1.21 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $72,937 ± $17,542

  2. White

    $46,924 ± $1,459

  3. Other

    $41,317 ± $21,301

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maine workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.55 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maine by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cumberland County, ME is from Maine.

0.428

2018 Wage GINI

0.434

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Maine was 0.428 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.29% decline from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even.

The 2018 the GINI for Maine was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maine in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maine across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 37.01

  2. Census Tract 25.02

  3. Census Tract 42

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cumberland County, ME was Census Tract 37.01 with a value of $117,991, followed by Census Tract 25.02 and Census Tract 42, with respective values of $115,182 and $107,723.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cumberland County, ME colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

10.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cumberland County, ME (30k out of 281k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    23,787 ± 1,114

  2. Black

    3,733 ± 386

  3. Two Or More

    1,179 ± 262

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cumberland County, ME is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

168k

2018 Value

± 6,536

4.1%

1 Year growth

± 5.47%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Cumberland County, ME grew at a rate of 4.1%, from 161k employees to 168k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cumberland County, ME, are Management Occupations (22,378 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,939 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (16,235 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, ME.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, ME, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (22,378 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (17,939 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (16,235 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, ME has an unusually high number of residents working as Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations (1.44 times higher than expected), Legal Occupations (1.41 times), and Life, Physical, & Social Science Occupations (1.4 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cumberland County, ME, by median earnings, are Health Diagnosing & Treating Practitioners & Other Technical Occupations ($77,475), Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($72,973), and Management Occupations ($68,703).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

168k

2018 Value

± 6,536

4.1%

1 Year growth

± 5.47%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Cumberland County, ME grew at a rate of 4.1%, from 161k employees to 168k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cumberland County, ME, are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,747 people), Retail Trade (20,113 people), and Educational Services (17,277 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cumberland County, ME, though some of these residents may live in Cumberland County, ME and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cumberland County, ME, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (29,747 people), Retail Trade (20,113 people), and Educational Services (17,277 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cumberland County, ME has an unusually high number of Finance & Insurance (1.53 times higher than expected), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (1.29 times), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing (1.28 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cumberland County, ME, by median earnings, are Utilities ($72,284), Finance & Insurance ($64,979), and Public Administration ($61,193).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $8.58B

  2. $3.57B

  3. $3.34B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $8.58B, followed by Fuel oils ($3.57B) and Machinery ($3.34B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maine products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Maine state.

$45.4B

2020 Value

$56.8B

Projected 2045 Value

25.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maine trade was $45.4B. This is expected to increase 25.2% to $56.8B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maine trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maine to other states, or from other states to Maine.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $3.76B

  2. $3.36B

  3. $2.86B

In 2015, the top outbound Maine domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Massachusetts with $3.76B, followed by New Hampshire with $3.36B and New York and $2.86B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maine shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.2% of the population of Cumberland County, ME has health coverage, with 56.1% on employee plans, 8.61% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 13.6% on non-group plans, and 1.48% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Cumberland County, ME was $9,531 in 2014. This is a 4.36% increase from the previous year ($9,133).

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, ME see 616 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.69% decrease from the previous year (633 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1128 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 154 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (12.6%). Additionally, Aroostook County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (34.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

616 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Cumberland County, ME see an average of 616 patients per year. This represents a 2.69% decrease from the previous year (633 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cumberland County, ME in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maine.

$9,531

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$5,015

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,504

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$9,325

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maine (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.36%, from $9,133 to $9,531.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.79%

Uninsured

56.1%

Employer Coverage

8.61%

Medicaid

13.5%

Medicare

13.6%

Non-Group

1.48%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cumberland County, ME grew by 37.8% from 4.93% to 6.79%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cumberland County, ME changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 12.6% prevalence

  2. 12.3% prevalence

  3. 11.7% prevalence

Washington County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maine, at 12.6%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maine by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Cumberland County, ME is home to a population of 294k people, from which 97.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 6.1% of Cumberland County, ME residents were born outside of the country (17.8k people).

In 2018, there were 29.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (264k people) in Cumberland County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.94k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.78k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

42

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.7

41

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Cumberland County, ME was 42.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 42, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 41. But people in Cumberland County, ME are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Cumberland County, ME residents was 42.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

6.1%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

17.8k people

6.21%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

18.2k people

As of 2017, 6.1% of Cumberland County, ME residents (17.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cumberland County, ME was 6.21%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cumberland County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maine.

Most Common Origin

  1. Canada

    8,685 ± 2,281 people

  2. Philippines

    4,401 ± 1,626 people

  3. Germany

    3,363 ± 1,422 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maine was Canada, the natal country of 8,685 Maine residents, followed by Philippines with 4,401 and Germany with 3,363.

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Citizenship

97.1%

2018 Citizenship

97.5%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.1% of Cumberland County, ME residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Cumberland County, ME was 97.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cumberland County, ME compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cumberland County, ME

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    264k ± 970

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    8.94k ± 1.14k

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    6.78k ± 808

In 2018, there were 29.6 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (264k people) in Cumberland County, ME than any other race or ethnicity. There were 8.94k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.78k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Cumberland County, ME as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    6,764 ± 1,179

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,523 ± 767

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    2,269 ± 838

Cumberland County, ME has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.68 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Cumberland County, ME awarded 4,854 degrees. The student population of Cumberland County, ME is skewed towards women, with 7,934 male students and 11,959 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cumberland County, ME are White (3,826 and 79.8%), followed by Unknown (435 and 9.07%), Black or African American (163 and 3.4%), and Hispanic or Latino (141 and 2.94%).

The largest universities in Cumberland County, ME by number of degrees awarded are University of Southern Maine (1,757 and 36.2%), Southern Maine Community College (784 and 16.2%), and Saint Joseph's College of Maine (724 and 14.9%).

The most popular majors in Cumberland County, ME are Registered Nursing (345 and 7.11%), General Business Administration & Management (325 and 6.7%), and Liberal Arts & Sciences (182 and 3.75%).

The median tuition costs in Cumberland County, ME are $34,610 for private four year colleges, and $7,336 and $19,292 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 156 degrees awarded

  2. 132 degrees awarded

  3. 281 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cumberland County, ME was General Business Administration & Management with 156 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cumberland County, ME according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,757 degrees awarded

  2. 784 degrees awarded

  3. 724 degrees awarded

$7,336

Median In-State Public

$34,610

Median Private

In 2017, the Cumberland County, ME institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Southern Maine with 1,757 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,783

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,071

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,783 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cumberland County, ME, which is 0.581 times less than the 3,071 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Cumberland County, ME by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,826 degrees awarded

  2. Unknown

    435 degrees awarded

  3. Black or African American

    163 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Cumberland County, ME were to White students. These 3,826 degrees mean that there were 8.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 435 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cumberland County, ME was $294,400 in 2018, which is 1.28 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $273,400 to $294,400, a 7.68% increase. The homeownership rate in Cumberland County, ME is 68.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Cumberland County, ME have an average commute time of 20.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Cumberland County, ME is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$294,400

2018 Median

± $7,939

$273,400

2017 Median

± $5,477

In 2018, the median property value in Cumberland County, ME grew to to $294,400 from the previous year's value of $273,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cumberland County, ME compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, ME the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$72,452

Median Household Income

± $3,523

123k

Number of Households

± 5,347

In 2018, the median household income of the 123k households in Cumberland County, ME grew to $72,452 from the previous year's value of $71,975.

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, ME distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cumberland County, ME distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cumberland County, ME the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

68.6%

2018 Homeownership

72%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 68.6% of the housing units in Cumberland County, ME were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 72%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cumberland County, ME compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cumberland County, ME have a shorter commute time (20.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.32% of the workforce in Cumberland County, ME have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cumberland County, ME compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    75.3%

  2. Worked At Home

    7.7%

  3. Carpooled

    7.47%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Cumberland County, ME was Drove Alone (75.3%), followed by those who Worked At Home (7.7%) and those who Carpooled (7.47%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cumberland County, ME distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cumberland County, ME have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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