Mobile County, AL

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Population

413,757

0.0478% decline

Poverty Rate

19.3%


Median Age

38.1


Median Household Income

$43,061

6.44% decline

Number of Employees

171,487

1.15% decline

Median Property Value

$131,700

0.381% growth

About

In 2018, Mobile County, AL had a population of 414k people with a median age of 38.1 and a median household income of $43,061. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Mobile County, AL declined from 413,955 to 413,757, a -0.0478% decrease and its median household income declined from $46,023 to $43,061, a -6.44% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Mobile County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (56.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (36%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.94%), White (Hispanic) (1.54%), and Two or More Races (Non-Hispanic) (1.5%). N/A% of the people in Mobile County, AL speak a non-English language, and 98.5% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mobile County, AL are University of South Alabama (3,804 degrees awarded in 2017), Bishop State Community College (620 degrees), and University of Mobile (312 degrees).

The median property value in Mobile County, AL is $131,700, and the homeownership rate is 60%. Most people in Mobile County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 24 minutes. The average car ownership in Mobile County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: RSA Battlehouse Building, Mobile, AL

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Mobile County, AL employs 171k people. The largest industries in Mobile County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,407 people), Retail Trade (20,144 people), and Manufacturing (20,100 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($81,389), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,009), and Manufacturing ($54,394).

Median household income in Mobile County, AL is $43,061. Males in Mobile County, AL have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,050. The income inequality in Mobile County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$43,061

2018 value

± $2,459

-6.44%

1 Year Growth

± 9.66%

Households in Mobile County, AL have a median annual income of $43,061, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $46,023 in 2017, which represents a -6.44% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Mobile County, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$61,079

Average Male Salary

± $1,549

$43,050

Average Female Salary

± $1,220

In 2018, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,430 ± $11,914

  2. White

    $50,777 ± $1,176

  3. American Indian

    $43,719 ± $8,830

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mobile County, AL is from Alabama.

0.461

2018 Wage GINI

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.461% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 35.02

  2. Census Tract 64.06

  3. Census Tract 68.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mobile County, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $104,746, followed by Census Tract 64.06 and Census Tract 68.01, with respective values of $92,835 and $81,587.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mobile County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19.3% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mobile County, AL (78.3k out of 405k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females < 5.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    43,154 ± 1,496

  2. White

    30,316 ± 1,317

  3. Hispanic

    2,776 ± 433

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mobile County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

171k

2018 Value

± 7,433

-1.15%

1 Year decline

± 6.17%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Mobile County, AL declined at a rate of -1.15%, from 173k employees to 171k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mobile County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,130 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,717 people), and Management Occupations (13,937 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mobile County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Mobile County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,130 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,717 people), and Management Occupations (13,937 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mobile County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Occupations (1.43 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (1.35 times), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (1.35 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Mobile County, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($80,793), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($76,511), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($70,323).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

171k

2018 Value

± 7,433

-1.15%

1 Year decline

± 6.17%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Mobile County, AL declined at a rate of -1.15%, from 173k employees to 171k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mobile County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,407 people), Retail Trade (20,144 people), and Manufacturing (20,100 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mobile County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Mobile County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Mobile County, AL, by number of employees, are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,407 people), Retail Trade (20,144 people), and Manufacturing (20,100 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Mobile County, AL has an unusually high number of Other Services, Except Public Administration (1.39 times higher than expected), Administrative & Support & Waste Management Services (1.27 times), and Utilities (1.22 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Mobile County, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($81,389), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($71,009), and Manufacturing ($54,394).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.2% of the population of Mobile County, AL has health coverage, with 41.8% on employee plans, 20.9% on Medicaid, 12.4% on Medicare, 12.5% on non-group plans, and 1.55% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Mobile County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see 1478 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.4% decrease from the previous year (1499 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2034 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1276 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,478 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see an average of 1,478 patients per year. This represents a 1.4% decrease from the previous year (1,499 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mobile County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.8%

Uninsured

41.8%

Employer Coverage

20.9%

Medicaid

12.4%

Medicare

12.5%

Non-Group

1.55%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mobile County, AL declined by 5.41% from 11.4% to 10.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mobile County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Mobile County, AL is home to a population of 414k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2017, 3.17% of Mobile County, AL residents were born outside of the country (13.1k people).

In 2018, there were 1.57 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (233k people) in Mobile County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 149k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.04k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.5

43

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 6

In 2018, the median age of all people in Mobile County, AL was 38.1. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 43. But people in Mobile County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Mobile County, AL residents was 38.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

3.17%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

13.1k people

3.1%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

12.9k people

As of 2017, 3.17% of Mobile County, AL residents (13.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mobile County, AL was 3.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mobile County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    44,820 ± 5,174 people

  2. China

    9,130 ± 2,344 people

  3. India

    9,004 ± 2,328 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 44,820 Alabama residents, followed by China with 9,130 and India with 9,004.

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Citizenship

98.5%

2018 Citizenship

98.6%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 98.5% of Mobile County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Mobile County, AL was 98.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mobile County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Mobile County, AL

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    233k ± 1.13k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    149k ± 1.07k

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    8.04k ± 782

In 2018, there were 1.57 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (233k people) in Mobile County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 149k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 8.04k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Mobile County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    9,710 ± 1,384

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    6,180 ± 1,639

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    3,856 ± 1,005

Mobile County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Mobile County, AL awarded 5,786 degrees. The student population of Mobile County, AL is skewed towards women, with 8,487 male students and 14,942 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mobile County, AL are White (3,389 and 61.3%), followed by Black or African American (1,549 and 28%), Unknown (154 and 2.79%), and Hispanic or Latino (141 and 2.55%).

The largest universities in Mobile County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of South Alabama (3,804 and 65.7%), Bishop State Community College (620 and 10.7%), and University of Mobile (312 and 5.39%).

The most popular majors in Mobile County, AL are Registered Nursing (1,280 and 22.1%), Medical Assistant (249 and 4.3%), and General Business Administration & Management (201 and 3.47%).

The median tuition costs in Mobile County, AL are $21,010 for private four year colleges, and $7,512 and $15,024 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 334 degrees awarded

  2. 152 degrees awarded

  3. 143 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mobile County, AL was Registered Nursing with 334 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mobile County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 3,804 degrees awarded

  2. 620 degrees awarded

  3. 312 degrees awarded

$7,512

Median In-State Public

$21,010

Median Private

In 2017, the Mobile County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Alabama with 3,804 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,979

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,807

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,979 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mobile County, AL, which is 0.52 times less than the 3,807 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Mobile County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    3,389 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,549 degrees awarded

  3. Unknown

    154 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Mobile County, AL were to White students. These 3,389 degrees mean that there were 2.19 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,549 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mobile County, AL was $131,700 in 2018, which is 0.573 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $131,200 to $131,700, a 0.381% increase. The homeownership rate in Mobile County, AL is 60%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Mobile County, AL have an average commute time of 24 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Mobile County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$131,700

2018 Median

± $5,138

$131,200

2017 Median

± $5,113

In 2018, the median property value in Mobile County, AL grew to to $131,700 from the previous year's value of $131,200.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Mobile County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$43,061

Median Household Income

± $2,459

159k

Number of Households

± 6,585

In 2018, the median household income of the 159k households in Mobile County, AL declined from $43,061 from the previous year's value of $46,023.

The following chart displays the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

60%

2018 Homeownership

64.3%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 60% of the housing units in Mobile County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 64.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Mobile County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

24 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mobile County, AL have a shorter commute time (24 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.6% of the workforce in Mobile County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mobile County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    85.5%

  2. Carpooled

    7.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.9%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Mobile County, AL was Drove Alone (85.5%), followed by those who Carpooled (7.7%) and those who Worked At Home (3.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mobile County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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