Madison County, AL

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Population

366,519

1.52% growth

Poverty Rate

13.6%


Median Age

38.5


Median Household Income

$63,111

1.28% growth

Number of Employees

176,976

0.469% growth

Median Property Value

$192,500

5.54% growth

About

In 2018, Madison County, AL had a population of 367k people with a median age of 38.5 and a median household income of $63,111. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Madison County, AL grew from 361,046 to 366,519, a 1.52% increase and its median household income grew from $62,312 to $63,111, a 1.28% increase.

The population of Madison County, AL is 64.6% White Alone, 23.9% Black or African American Alone, and 5.07% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Madison County, AL speak a non-English language, and 97.4% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Madison County, AL are University of Alabama in Huntsville (1,729 degrees awarded in 2017), Alabama A & M University (815 degrees), and Oakwood University (390 degrees).

The median property value in Madison County, AL is $192,500, and the homeownership rate is 65.1%. Most people in Madison County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Madison County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: US Space & Rocket Center, Huntsville, AL

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 confirmed cases by date in Alabama compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Showing data at the state level for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Madison County, AL employs 177k people. The largest industries in Madison County, AL are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (28,396 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,186 people), and Manufacturing (20,870 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($101,599), Public Administration ($86,503), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,647).

Median household income in Madison County, AL is $63,111. Males in Madison County, AL have an average income that is 1.42 times higher than the average income of females, which is $43,050. The income inequality in Madison County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$63,111

2018 value

± $2,754

1.28%

1 Year Growth

± 6%

Households in Madison County, AL have a median annual income of $63,111, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $62,312 in 2017, which represents a 1.28% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Madison County, AL compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$61,079

Average Male Salary

± $1,549

$43,050

Average Female Salary

± $1,220

In 2018, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.42 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $63,430 ± $11,914

  2. White

    $50,777 ± $1,176

  3. American Indian

    $43,719 ± $8,830

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.25 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Madison County, AL is from Alabama.

0.461

2018 Wage GINI

0.459

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.461% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 19.03

  2. Census Tract 110.12

  3. Census Tract 19.01

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Madison County, AL was Census Tract 19.03 with a value of $140,682, followed by Census Tract 110.12 and Census Tract 19.01, with respective values of $133,906 and $116,280.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Madison County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

13.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Madison County, AL (46.9k out of 344k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    21,957 ± 1,180

  2. Black

    20,884 ± 1,147

  3. Hispanic

    5,408 ± 494

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Madison County, AL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

177k

2018 Value

± 7,731

0.469%

1 Year growth

± 6.09%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Madison County, AL grew at a rate of 0.469%, from 176k employees to 177k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Madison County, AL, are Management Occupations (19,058 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,194 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (17,343 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Madison County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Madison County, AL, by number of employees, are Management Occupations (19,058 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,194 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (17,343 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (3.62 times higher than expected), Computer & Mathematical Occupations (2.35 times), and Business & Financial Operations Occupations (1.27 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Madison County, AL, by median earnings, are Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($92,228), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($90,222), and Management Occupations ($89,520).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

177k

2018 Value

± 7,731

0.469%

1 Year growth

± 6.09%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Madison County, AL grew at a rate of 0.469%, from 176k employees to 177k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Madison County, AL, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (28,396 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,186 people), and Manufacturing (20,870 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Madison County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Madison County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Madison County, AL, by number of employees, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (28,396 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (24,186 people), and Manufacturing (20,870 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Madison County, AL has an unusually high number of Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (2.13 times higher than expected), Public Administration (2.05 times), and Manufacturing (1.21 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Madison County, AL, by median earnings, are Utilities ($101,599), Public Administration ($86,503), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,647).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.1% of the population of Madison County, AL has health coverage, with 49.4% on employee plans, 12.3% on Medicaid, 9.56% on Medicare, 15.5% on non-group plans, and 4.28% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Madison County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Madison County, AL see 1093 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.87% decrease from the previous year (1137 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1812 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 828 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,093 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Madison County, AL see an average of 1,093 patients per year. This represents a 3.87% decrease from the previous year (1,137 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Madison County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.9%

Uninsured

49.4%

Employer Coverage

12.3%

Medicaid

9.56%

Medicare

15.5%

Non-Group

4.28%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Madison County, AL grew by 19.8% from 7.43% to 8.9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Madison County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Madison County, AL is home to a population of 367k people, from which 97.4% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.38% of Madison County, AL residents were born outside of the country (19.4k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Madison County, AL is composed of 237k White Alone residents (64.6%), 87.5k Black or African American Alone residents (23.9%), 18.6k Hispanic or Latino residents (5.07%), 12.3k Two or More Races residents (3.36%), 9.26k Asian Alone residents (2.53%), 1.2k American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.328%), 923 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.252%), and 27 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.00737%).

Age

Age by Nativity

38

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.6

45

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 3.9

In 2018, the median age of all people in Madison County, AL was 38.5. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 38, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Madison County, AL are getting getting younger. In 2017, the average age of all Madison County, AL residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.38%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

19.4k people

5.45%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

19.5k people

As of 2017, 5.38% of Madison County, AL residents (19.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Madison County, AL was 5.45%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Madison County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    44,820 ± 5,174 people

  2. China

    9,130 ± 2,344 people

  3. India

    9,004 ± 2,328 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 44,820 Alabama residents, followed by China with 9,130 and India with 9,004.

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Citizenship

97.4%

2018 Citizenship

97.3%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 97.4% of Madison County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Madison County, AL was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Madison County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    237k ± 72

  2. Black or African American Alone

    87.5k ± 2.04k

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    18.6k ± 3.36k

In 2018, there were 2.7 times more White Alone residents (237k people) in Madison County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 87.5k Black or African American Alone and 18.6k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Madison County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Gulf War (2001-)

    9,236 ± 1,760

  2. Gulf War (1990s)

    7,627 ± 1,722

  3. Vietnam

    7,580 ± 1,125

Madison County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Madison County, AL awarded 3,631 degrees. The student population of Madison County, AL is skewed towards women, with 8,838 male students and 9,700 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Madison County, AL are White (1,563 and 45.8%), followed by Black or African American (1,529 and 44.8%), Asian (86 and 2.52%), and Hispanic or Latino (85 and 2.49%).

The largest universities in Madison County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama in Huntsville (1,729 and 47.6%), Alabama A & M University (815 and 22.4%), and Oakwood University (390 and 10.7%).

The most popular majors in Madison County, AL are General Business Administration & Management (255 and 7.02%), Registered Nursing (222 and 6.11%), and General Computer & Information Sciences (181 and 4.98%).

The median tuition costs in Madison County, AL are $9,957 for private four year colleges, and $8,868 and $18,657 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 138 degrees awarded

  2. 126 degrees awarded

  3. 122 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Madison County, AL was General Biological Sciences with 138 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Madison County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 1,729 degrees awarded

  2. 815 degrees awarded

  3. 390 degrees awarded

$8,868

Median In-State Public

$9,957

Median Private

In 2017, the Madison County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama in Huntsville with 1,729 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

1,591

Degrees Awarded to Men

2,040

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 1,591 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Madison County, AL, which is 0.78 times less than the 2,040 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Madison County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    1,563 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    1,529 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    86 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Madison County, AL were to White students. These 1,563 degrees mean that there were 1.02 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,529 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Madison County, AL was $192,500 in 2018, which is 0.838 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $182,400 to $192,500, a 5.54% increase. The homeownership rate in Madison County, AL is 65.1%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Madison County, AL have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Madison County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$192,500

2018 Median

± $6,885

$182,400

2017 Median

± $6,849

In 2018, the median property value in Madison County, AL grew to to $192,500 from the previous year's value of $182,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Madison County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $200k - $250k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$63,111

Median Household Income

± $2,754

153k

Number of Households

± 6,903

In 2018, the median household income of the 153k households in Madison County, AL grew to $63,111 from the previous year's value of $62,312.

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Madison County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Madison County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

65.1%

2018 Homeownership

65.3%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 65.1% of the housing units in Madison County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 65.3%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Madison County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Madison County, AL have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 0.793% of the workforce in Madison County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Madison County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87.8%

  2. Carpooled

    5.7%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.53%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Madison County, AL was Drove Alone (87.8%), followed by those who Carpooled (5.7%) and those who Worked At Home (3.53%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Madison County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Madison County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 1 car.

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