Lee County, AL

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Population

156,597

1.72% growth

Median Age

31


Median Household Income

$47,564

5.57% growth

Poverty Rate

22%


Number of Employees

71,677

1.17% growth

Median Property Value

$157,100

0.448% growth

About

In 2017, Lee County, AL had a population of 157k people with a median age of 31 and a median household income of $47,564. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Lee County, AL grew from 153,947 to 156,597, a 1.72% increase and its median household income grew from $45,056 to $47,564, a 5.57% increase.

The population of Lee County, AL is 67.6% White Alone, 22.9% Black or African American Alone, and 3.75% Asian Alone. N/A% of the people in Lee County, AL speak a non-English language, and 96.1% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Lee County, AL are Auburn University (6,421 degrees awarded in 2016).

The median property value in Lee County, AL is $157,100, and the homeownership rate is 59.2%. Most people in Lee County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Lee County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

Economy

The economy of Lee County, AL employs 71.7k people. The largest industries in Lee County, AL are Educational Services (12,287 people), Manufacturing (9,461 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,755 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($85,972), Utilities ($62,019), and Wholesale Trade ($47,357).

Median household income in Lee County, AL is $47,564. Males in Lee County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Lee County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$47,564

2017 value

± $1,712

5.57%

1 Year Growth

± 5.35%

Households in Lee County, AL have a median annual income of $47,564, which is less than the median annual income of $60,336 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $45,056 in 2016, which represents a 5.57% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Lee County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Lee County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 405

  2. Census Tract 410

  3. Census Tract 412

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lee County, AL was Census Tract 405 with a value of $86,386, followed by Census Tract 410 and Census Tract 412, with respective values of $72,333 and $72,143.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Lee County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 18 - 24

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

22% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lee County, AL (33.1k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.4%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    20,555 ± 1,119

  2. Black

    10,325 ± 817

  3. Asian

    1,167 ± 231

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lee County, AL is White, followed by Black and Asian.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

71.7k

2017 Value

± 2,181

1.17%

1 Year growth

± 4.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lee County, AL grew at a rate of 1.17%, from 70.9k employees to 71.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lee County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,989 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (7,421 people), and Management Occupations (7,348 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lee County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Lee County, AL, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,989 people), Education, Training, & Library Occupations (7,421 people), and Management Occupations (7,348 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lee County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Education, Training, & Library Occupations (1.71 times higher than expected), Production Occupations (1.42 times), and Community & Social Service Occupations (1.27 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Lee County, AL, by median earnings, are Legal Occupations ($64,185), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($62,310), and Management Occupations ($60,555).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

71.7k

2017 Value

± 2,181

1.17%

1 Year growth

± 4.21%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Lee County, AL grew at a rate of 1.17%, from 70.9k employees to 71.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lee County, AL, are Educational Services (12,287 people), Manufacturing (9,461 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,755 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lee County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Lee County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Lee County, AL, by number of employees, are Educational Services (12,287 people), Manufacturing (9,461 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (8,755 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Lee County, AL has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.85 times higher than expected), Manufacturing (1.3 times), and Utilities (1.25 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Lee County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($85,972), Utilities ($62,019), and Wholesale Trade ($47,357).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $40.7B

  2. $28B

  3. $21.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $40.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($28B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($21.5B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$243B

2015 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

50.7% growth

In 2015, total outbound Alabama trade was $243B. This is expected to increase 50.7% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $25.3B

  2. $16.7B

  3. $14.5B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $25.3B, followed by Florida with $16.7B and Tennessee and $14.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

91.3% of the population of Lee County, AL has health coverage, with 50.8% on employee plans, 12.2% on Medicaid, 8.23% on Medicare, 16.9% on non-group plans, and 3.25% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Lee County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Lee County, AL see 2013 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.45% decrease from the previous year (2085 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3383 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1272 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,013 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Lee County, AL see an average of 2,013 patients per year. This represents a 3.45% decrease from the previous year (2,085 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Lee County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

8.65%

Uninsured

50.8%

Employer Coverage

12.2%

Medicaid

8.23%

Medicare

16.9%

Non-Group

3.25%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lee County, AL declined by 8.95% from 9.51% to 8.65%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lee County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Lee County, AL is home to a population of 157k people, from which 96.1% are citizens. As of 2017, 5.49% of Lee County, AL residents were born outside of the country (8.59k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Lee County, AL is composed of 106k White Alone residents (67.6%), 35.9k Black or African American Alone residents (22.9%), 5.87k Asian Alone residents (3.75%), 5.81k Hispanic or Latino residents (3.71%), 2.54k Two or More Races residents (1.62%), 438 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.28%), 145 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.0926%), and 0 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0%).

The most common foreign languages spoken in Lee County, AL are N/A.

Age

Age by Nativity

31

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

36

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.8

In 2017, the median age of all people in Lee County, AL was 31. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 31, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 36. But people in Lee County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Lee County, AL residents was 31.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

5.49%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

8.59k people

5.16%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

7.94k people

As of 2017, 5.49% of Lee County, AL residents (8.59k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lee County, AL was 5.16%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lee County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

96.1%

2017 Citizenship

96.2%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 96.1% of Lee County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.1%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Lee County, AL was 96.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lee County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    106k ± 246

  2. Black or African American Alone

    35.9k ± 374

  3. Asian Alone

    5.87k ± 171

In 2017, there were 2.95 times more White Alone residents (106k people) in Lee County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.9k Black or African American Alone and 5.87k Asian Alone residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Lee County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  2. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

  3. N/A

    N/A speakers (N/A%)

N/A% of Lee County, AL citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is approximately the same as the national average of 21.8%. In N/A, the most common non-English language spoken in Lee County, AL was N/A. N/A% of the overall population of Lee County, AL are native N/A speakers. N/A% speak N/A and N/A% speak N/A, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    2,833 ± 368

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    2,292 ± 386

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    1,736 ± 286

Lee County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.24 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2016, universities in Lee County, AL awarded 6,421 degrees. The student population of Lee County, AL is skewed towards men, with 14,309 male students and 13,981 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lee County, AL are White (5,121 and 84.9%), followed by Black or African American (435 and 7.21%), Hispanic or Latino (209 and 3.46%), and Asian (133 and 2.2%).

The largest universities in Lee County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Auburn University (6,421 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Lee County, AL are General Business Administration & Management (391 and 6.09%), Accounting (251 and 3.91%), and General Biomedical Sciences (228 and 3.55%).

The median tuition costs in Lee County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $9,072 and $27,216 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 189 degrees awarded

  2. 228 degrees awarded

  3. 222 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Lee County, AL was Mechanical Engineering with 189 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Lee County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

6,421 degrees awarded

$9,072

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2016, the Lee County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Auburn University with 6,421 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

3,094

Degrees Awarded to Men

3,327

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2016, 3,094 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lee County, AL, which is 0.93 times less than the 3,327 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Lee County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    5,121 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    435 degrees awarded

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    209 degrees awarded

In 2016 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Lee County, AL were to White students. These 5,121 degrees mean that there were 11.8 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 435 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Lee County, AL was $157,100 in 2017, which is 0.722 times smaller than the national average of $217,600. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $156,400 to $157,100, a 0.448% increase. The homeownership rate in Lee County, AL is 59.2%, which is lower than the national average of 63.9%. People in Lee County, AL have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Lee County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Income

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$47,564

Median Household Income

± $1,712

59k

Number of Households

± 1,857

In 2017, the median household income of the 59k households in Lee County, AL grew to $47,564 from the previous year's value of $45,056.

The following chart displays the households in Lee County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Housing

Property Value

$157,100

2017 Median

± $4,206

$156,400

2016 Median

± $3,727

In 2017, the median property value in Lee County, AL grew to to $157,100 from the previous year's value of $156,400.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Lee County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lee County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $150k - $175k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Lee County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lee County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

59.2%

2017 Homeownership

58.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 59.2% of the housing units in Lee County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 58.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is lower than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Lee County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lee County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lee County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lee County, AL have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.63% of the workforce in Lee County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lee County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    84.7%

  2. Carpooled

    8.07%

  3. Worked At Home

    3.51%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Lee County, AL was Drove Alone (84.7%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.07%) and those who Worked At Home (3.51%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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