Jackson County, AL

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Population

52,326

0.536% decline

Median Age

43


Median Household Income

$39,281

2.24% growth

Poverty Rate

19%


Number of Employees

20,261

3.36% decline

Median Property Value

$105,000

1.16% growth

About

In 2017, Jackson County, AL had a population of 52.3k people with a median age of 43 and a median household income of $39,281. Between 2016 and 2017 the population of Jackson County, AL declined from 52,608 to 52,326, a -0.536% decrease and its median household income grew from $38,422 to $39,281, a 2.24% increase.

The population of Jackson County, AL is 89.3% White Alone, 3.25% Black or African American Alone, and 2.85% Hispanic or Latino. N/A% of the people in Jackson County, AL speak a non-English language, and 99.2% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson County, AL are Northeast Alabama Community College (875 degrees awarded in 2017).

The median property value in Jackson County, AL is $105,000, and the homeownership rate is 73.6%. Most people in Jackson County, AL commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 25.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson County, AL is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Cathedral Caverns

Economy

The economy of Jackson County, AL employs 20.3k people. The largest industries in Jackson County, AL are Manufacturing (5,548 people), Retail Trade (2,416 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,281 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,982), Utilities ($75,125), and Wholesale Trade ($46,875).

Median household income in Jackson County, AL is $39,281. Males in Jackson County, AL have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $40,615. The income inequality in Jackson County, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.46, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$39,281

2017 value

± $1,994

2.24%

1 Year Growth

± 6.87%

Households in Jackson County, AL have a median annual income of $39,281, which is less than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $38,422 in 2016, which represents a 2.24% annual growth.

Look at the chart to see how the median household income in Jackson County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

$58,549

Average Male Salary

± $1,465

$40,615

Average Female Salary

± $997

In 2017, full-time male employees in Alabama made 1.44 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $58,018 ± $10,489

  2. White

    $47,885 ± $1,063

  3. American Indian and Alaska Native tribes specified; or American Indian or Alaska Native, not specified and no other races

    $45,909 ± $38,465

In 2017 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Alabama workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.21 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Alabama by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson County, AL is from Alabama.

0.46

2017 Wage GINI

0.458

2016 Wage GINI

In 2017, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.46 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.343% growth from 2016 to 2017, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2017 the GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Highest Median Household Income (Total)

  1. Census Tract 9509

  2. Census Tract 9511

  3. Census Tract 9507

In 2017, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson County, AL was Census Tract 9509 with a value of $49,133, followed by Census Tract 9511 and Census Tract 9507, with respective values of $41,012 and $40,651.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jackson County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 35 - 44

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

19% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson County, AL (9.83k out of 51.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 35 - 44, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 45 - 54.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. White

    8,455 ± 609

  2. Hispanic

    562 ± 201

  3. Two Or More

    402 ± 158

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson County, AL is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

20.3k

2017 Value

± 996

-3.36%

1 Year decline

± 7.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, AL declined at a rate of -3.36%, from 21k employees to 20.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson County, AL, are Production Occupations (3,355 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,453 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,908 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson County, AL.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Jackson County, AL, by number of employees, are Production Occupations (3,355 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,453 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,908 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, AL has an unusually high number of residents working as Production Occupations (2.86 times higher than expected), Material Moving Occupations (2.6 times), and Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Occupations (1.63 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Jackson County, AL, by median earnings, are Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($80,875), Computer, Engineering, & Science Occupations ($69,063), and Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($67,102).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

20.3k

2017 Value

± 996

-3.36%

1 Year decline

± 7.19%

From 2016 to 2017, employment in Jackson County, AL declined at a rate of -3.36%, from 21k employees to 20.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson County, AL, are Manufacturing (5,548 people), Retail Trade (2,416 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,281 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Jackson County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Jackson County, AL, by number of employees, are Manufacturing (5,548 people), Retail Trade (2,416 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,281 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Jackson County, AL has an unusually high number of Manufacturing (2.7 times higher than expected), Utilities (2.58 times), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.3 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Jackson County, AL, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($80,982), Utilities ($75,125), and Wholesale Trade ($46,875).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $43.7B

  2. $29.7B

  3. $23.9B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $43.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($29.7B) and Coal-n.e.c. ($23.9B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama state.

$265B

2020 Value

$367B

Projected 2045 Value

38.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $265B. This is expected to increase 38.3% to $367B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $27.4B

  2. $17.9B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $27.4B, followed by Florida with $17.9B and Tennessee and $16.2B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

89.4% of the population of Jackson County, AL has health coverage, with 42.5% on employee plans, 17.8% on Medicaid, 14.8% on Medicare, 13.3% on non-group plans, and 0.98% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the county of Jackson County, AL was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, AL see 1808 patients per year on average, which represents a 6.42% increase from the previous year (1699 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 3067 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2370 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (21.1%). Additionally, Macon County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (47.8%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,808 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Jackson County, AL see an average of 1,808 patients per year. This represents a 6.42% increase from the previous year (1,699 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jackson County, AL in comparison to neighboring states.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

$7,281

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$3,641

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$5,042

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$10,267

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Alabama (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.07%, from $6,996 to $7,281.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

10.6%

Uninsured

42.5%

Employer Coverage

17.8%

Medicaid

14.8%

Medicare

13.3%

Non-Group

0.98%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson County, AL declined by 10.8% from 11.9% to 10.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 21.1% prevalence

  2. 20.9% prevalence

  3. 20.4% prevalence

Greene County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Alabama, at 21.1%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Alabama by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Jackson County, AL is home to a population of 52.3k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2017, 1.92% of Jackson County, AL residents were born outside of the country (1.01k people).

The ethnic composition of the population of Jackson County, AL is composed of 46.7k White Alone residents (89.3%), 1.7k Black or African American Alone residents (3.25%), 1.49k Hispanic or Latino residents (2.85%), 1.46k Two or More Races residents (2.79%), 516 American Indian & Alaska Native Alone residents (0.986%), 238 Asian Alone residents (0.455%), 129 Some Other Race Alone residents (0.247%), and 53 Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander Alone residents (0.101%).

Age

Age by Nativity

43

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.4

39

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 5

In 2017, the median age of all people in Jackson County, AL was 43. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 43, were generally older than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 39. But people in Jackson County, AL are getting getting older. In 2016, the average age of all Jackson County, AL residents was 43.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

1.92%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

1.01k people

2.26%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

1.19k people

As of 2017, 1.92% of Jackson County, AL residents (1.01k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson County, AL was 2.26%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.

Most Common Origin

  1. Mexico

    51,837 ± 5,560 people

  2. Guatemala

    11,080 ± 2,581 people

  3. India

    9,229 ± 2,356 people

In 2017, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 51,837 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 11,080 and India with 9,229.

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Citizenship

99.2%

2017 Citizenship

98.9%

2016 Citizenship

As of 2017, 99.2% of Jackson County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.2%. In 2016, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson County, AL was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

Most Common

  1. White Alone

    46.7k ± 103

  2. Black or African American Alone

    1.7k ± 146

  3. Hispanic or Latino

    1.49k ± 393

In 2017, there were 27.5 times more White Alone residents (46.7k people) in Jackson County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.7k Black or African American Alone and 1.49k Hispanic or Latino residents, the second and third most common racial or ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 8 races and ethnicities represented in Jackson County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    1,474 ± 233

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    459 ± 160

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    330 ± 132

Jackson County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 3.21 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Jackson County, AL awarded 875 degrees. The student population of Jackson County, AL is skewed towards women, with 1,078 male students and 1,658 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson County, AL are White (766 and 87.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (54 and 6.19%), American Indian or Alaska Native (30 and 3.44%), and Black or African American (17 and 1.95%).

The largest universities in Jackson County, AL by number of degrees awarded are Northeast Alabama Community College (875 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jackson County, AL are General Studies (170 and 19.4%), Welding Technology (121 and 13.8%), and Medical Assistant (87 and 9.94%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson County, AL are $N/A for private four year colleges, and $N/A and $N/A respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 170 degrees awarded

  2. 46 degrees awarded

  3. 41 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Jackson County, AL was General Studies with 170 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Jackson County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

875 degrees awarded

$N/A

Median In-State Public

$N/A

Median Private

In 2017, the Jackson County, AL institution with the largest number of graduating students was Northeast Alabama Community College with 875 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

453

Degrees Awarded to Men

422

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 453 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson County, AL, which is 1.07 times more than the 422 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the institutions in Jackson County, AL by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    766 degrees awarded

  2. Hispanic or Latino

    54 degrees awarded

  3. American Indian or Alaska Native

    30 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Jackson County, AL were to White students. These 766 degrees mean that there were 14.2 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 54 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Jackson County, AL was $105,000 in 2017, which is 0.457 times smaller than the national average of $229,700. Between 2016 and 2017 the median property value increased from $103,800 to $105,000, a 1.16% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson County, AL is 73.6%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Jackson County, AL have an average commute time of 25.1 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Jackson County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$105,000

2017 Median

± $4,826

$103,800

2016 Median

± $4,708

In 2017, the median property value in Jackson County, AL grew to to $105,000 from the previous year's value of $103,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Jackson County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, AL the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$39,281

Median Household Income

± $1,994

20.4k

Number of Households

± 892

In 2017, the median household income of the 20.4k households in Jackson County, AL grew to $39,281 from the previous year's value of $38,422.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Property Taxes

< $800

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Jackson County, AL distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

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Rent vs Own

73.6%

2017 Homeownership

72.8%

2016 Homeownership

In 2017, 73.6% of the housing units in Jackson County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 72.8%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Jackson County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

25.1 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson County, AL have a shorter commute time (25.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.1 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in Jackson County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    87%

  2. Carpooled

    8.44%

  3. Worked At Home

    2.32%

In 2017, the most common method of travel for workers in Jackson County, AL was Drove Alone (87%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.44%) and those who Worked At Home (2.32%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson County, AL have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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