Maryland

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Population

6.04M

0.156% decline

Poverty Rate

9.68%


Median Age

38.8


Median Household Income

$83,242

3.05% growth

Number of Employees

2.99M

0.522% growth

Median Property Value

$324,800

3.94% growth

About

In 2018, Maryland had a population of 6.04M people with a median age of 38.8 and a median household income of $83,242. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Maryland declined from 6.05M to 6.04M, a -0.156% decrease and its median household income grew from $80,776 to $83,242, a 3.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Maryland are White (Non-Hispanic) (50.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (29.5%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.24%), Some Other Race (Hispanic) (4.6%), and White (Hispanic) (4.47%). 19.3% of the people in Maryland speak a non-English language, and 93% are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Maryland are University of Maryland-University College (12,355 degrees awarded in 2017), University of Maryland-College Park (11,424 degrees), and Johns Hopkins University (8,878 degrees).

The median property value in Maryland is $324,800, and the homeownership rate is 66.9%. Most people in Maryland commute by Drove Alone, and the average commute time is 31.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Maryland is 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tributaries of the Chester River, from front to back: West Fork (Langford Creek), East Fork, mainstem Chester River, Corsica River.

COVID-19

Total Confirmed Cases by Date

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Maryland, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Impact on Employment

false

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Community Mobility

Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Maryland across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

The economy of Maryland employs 2.99M people. The largest industries in Maryland are Construction (200,647 people), Elementary & secondary schools (179,505 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (161,181 people), and the highest paying industries are Commercial & service industry machinery manufacturing ($299,496), Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($164,230), and Paint, coating, & adhesive manufacturing ($140,218).

Median household income in Maryland is $83,242. Males in Maryland have an average income that is 1.27 times higher than the average income of females, which is $64,257. The income inequality in Maryland (measured using the Gini index) is 0.461, which is lower than than the national average.

Wages

Median Household Income

$83,242

2018 value

± $1,022

3.05%

1 Year Growth

± 1.46%

Households in Maryland have a median annual income of $83,242, which is more than the median annual income of $61,937 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $80,776 in 2017, which represents a 3.05% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Maryland compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Gender in Common Jobs

$81,550

Average Male Salary

± $1,701

$64,257

Average Female Salary

± $1,255

In 2018, full-time male employees in Maryland made 1.27 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the gender-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity

  1. Asian

    $73,898 ± $4,155

  2. White

    $72,025 ± $1,476

  3. Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander

    $67,828 ± $52,050

In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Maryland workers was Asian. These workers were paid 1.03 times more than White workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in Maryland by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

0.461

2018 Wage GINI

0.461

2017 Wage GINI

In 2018, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.461 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0831% growth from 2017 to 2018, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even.

The 2018 the GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.479. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.

Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2018, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Maryland was Howard County, MD with a value of $116,984, followed by Montgomery County, MD and Calvert County, MD, with respective values of $108,188 and $107,884.

The following map shows all of the counties in Maryland colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Gender

Females 25 - 34

Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

9.68% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Maryland (567k out of 5.86M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 13.1%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty

  1. Black

    242,880 ± 3,646

  2. White

    235,152 ± 3,547

  3. Hispanic

    77,626 ± 2,163

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Maryland is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

2.99M

2018 Value

0.522%

1 Year growth

± 0.522%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Maryland grew at a rate of 0.522%, from 2.98M employees to 2.99M employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Maryland, are Other managers (99,307 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (81,975 people), and Registered nurses (73,393 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Maryland.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Maryland, by number of employees, are Other managers (99,307 people), Elementary & middle school teachers (81,975 people), and Registered nurses (73,393 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maryland has an unusually high number of residents working as Economists (7.8 times higher than expected), Astronomers & physicists (7.76 times), and Emergency management directors (6.02 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Maryland, by average salary, are Surgeons ($278,340), Sales engineers ($236,889), and Physicians ($216,779).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

2.99M

2018 Value

0.522%

1 Year growth

± 0.522%

From 2017 to 2018, employment in Maryland grew at a rate of 0.522%, from 2.98M employees to 2.99M employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Maryland, are Construction (200,647 people), Elementary & secondary schools (179,505 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (161,181 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Maryland, though some of these residents may live in Maryland and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Maryland, by number of employees, are Construction (200,647 people), Elementary & secondary schools (179,505 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (161,181 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other states, Maryland has an unusually high number of National security & international affairs (4.36 times higher than expected), Administration of economic programs & space research (3.92 times), and Business, professional, political, & similar organizations (3.53 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Maryland, by average salary, are Commercial & service industry machinery manufacturing ($299,496), Internet publishing, broadcasting & web search portals ($164,230), and Paint, coating, & adhesive manufacturing ($140,218).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Top Domestic Production in Dollars

  1. $21.7B

  2. $19B

  3. $16.2B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland product (by dollars) was Textiles/leather with $21.7B, followed by Mixed freight ($19B) and Electronics ($16.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Maryland products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

$190B

2020 Value

$243B

Projected 2045 Value

27.8% growth

In 2020, total outbound Maryland trade was $190B. This is expected to increase 27.8% to $243B by 2045.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Maryland trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Maryland to other states, or from other states to Maryland.

Most Common Trade Partners

  1. $24.4B

  2. $19.5B

  3. $7.24B

In 2015, the top outbound Maryland domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Virginia with $24.4B, followed by Pennsylvania with $19.5B and New York and $7.24B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Maryland shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Health

93.9% of the population of Maryland has health coverage, with 54% on employee plans, 15.2% on Medicaid, 10.7% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 1.93% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in the state of Maryland was $8,602 in 2014. This is a 4.27% increase from the previous year ($8,250).

Primary care physicians in Maryland see 1137 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1126 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1321 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 463 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.8%). Additionally, Somerset County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (44.7%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,137 to 1

Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio

Primary care physicians in Maryland see an average of 1,137 patients per year. This represents a 0.977% increase from the previous year (1,126 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Maryland in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.

State with the Highest Prevalence

  1. 8.26% of the population affected

  2. 8.13% of the population affected

  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.

Most prevalent states

  1. 19.2% of adults

  2. 17.9% of adults

  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

$8,602

Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care 

$4,343

Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care

$7,677

Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care

$12,000

Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in Maryland (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.27%, from $8,250 to $8,602.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

6.14%

Uninsured

54%

Employer Coverage

15.2%

Medicaid

10.7%

Medicare

12.1%

Non-Group

1.93%

Military or VA

Between 2016 and 2017, the percent of uninsured citizens in Maryland grew by 0.00116% from 6.14% to 6.14%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Maryland changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.

Most at risk counties

  1. 15.8% prevalence

  2. 13.7% prevalence

  3. 13.4% prevalence

Dorchester County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Maryland, at 15.8%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in Maryland by county over multiple years.

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Diversity

Maryland is home to a population of 6.04M people, from which 93% are citizens. As of 2017, 14.8% of Maryland residents were born outside of the country (895k people).

In 2018, there were 1.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.04M people) in Maryland than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.78M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 377k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common foreign languages spoken in Maryland are Spanish (481,884 speakers), Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (75,431 speakers), and French (Incl. Cajun) (60,237 speakers).

Age

Age by Nativity

37

Median Native-Born Age

± 0.2

44

Median Foreign-Born Age

± 0.4

In 2018, the median age of all people in Maryland was 38.8. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 37, were generally younger than than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 44. But people in Maryland are getting getting older. In 2017, the average age of all Maryland residents was 39.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

14.8%

2017 Foreign-Born Population

895k people

14.5%

2016 Foreign-Born Population

874k people

As of 2017, 14.8% of Maryland residents (895k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.7%. In 2016, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Maryland was 14.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Maryland compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin

  1. El Salvador

    99,066 ± 7,664 people

  2. India

    54,426 ± 5,702 people

  3. China

    46,221 ± 5,258 people

In 2018, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 99,066 Maryland residents, followed by India with 54,426 and China with 46,221.

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Citizenship

93%

2018 Citizenship

92.7%

2017 Citizenship

As of 2018, 93% of Maryland residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.2%. In 2017, the percentage of US citizens in Maryland was 92.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Maryland compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Maryland

  1. White (Non-Hispanic)

    3.04M ± 3.63k

  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)

    1.78M ± 8.15k

  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)

    377k ± 5.96k

In 2018, there were 1.7 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (3.04M people) in Maryland than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.78M Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 377k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The following bar chart shows the 7 races represented in Maryland as a share of the total population.

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Non-English Speakers

Most Common Languages

  1. Spanish

    481,884 speakers (8.48%)

  2. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)

    75,431 speakers (1.33%)

  3. French (Incl. Cajun)

    60,237 speakers (1.06%)

19.3% of Maryland citizens are speakers of a non-English language, which is lower than the national average of 21.9%. In 2018, the most common non-English language spoken in Maryland was Spanish. 8.48% of the overall population of Maryland are native Spanish speakers. 1.33% speak Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) and 1.06% speak Spanish, the next two most common languages.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period

  1. Vietnam

    104,397 ± 4,080

  2. Gulf War (2001-)

    96,715 ± 5,835

  3. Gulf War (1990s)

    55,854 ± 3,385

Maryland has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.08 times greater than any other conflict.

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Education

In 2017, universities in Maryland awarded 86,969 degrees. The student population of Maryland is skewed towards women, with 166,425 male students and 206,771 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Maryland are White (42,576 and 52.7%), followed by Black or African American (19,109 and 23.7%), Asian (6,373 and 7.89%), and Hispanic or Latino (6,094 and 7.55%).

The largest universities in Maryland by number of degrees awarded are University of Maryland-University College (12,355 and 14.2%), University of Maryland-College Park (11,424 and 13.1%), and Johns Hopkins University (8,878 and 10.2%).

The most popular majors in Maryland are General Business Administration & Management (6,893 and 7.93%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (6,436 and 7.4%), and Registered Nursing (3,559 and 4.09%).

The median tuition costs in Maryland are $36,100 for private four year colleges, and $6,742 and $18,622 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common

  1. 3,031 degrees awarded

  2. 2,196 degrees awarded

  3. 1,676 degrees awarded

In 2015, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Maryland was General Business Administration & Management with 3,031 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Maryland according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded

  1. 12,355 degrees awarded

  2. 11,424 degrees awarded

  3. 8,878 degrees awarded

$6,742

Median In-State Public

$36,100

Median Private

In 2017, the Maryland institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Maryland-University College with 12,355 degrees awarded.

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Student Gender for Common Institutions

37,108

Degrees Awarded to Men

49,861

Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2017, 37,108 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Maryland, which is 0.744 times less than the 49,861 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the gender disparity between the top 5 institutions in Maryland by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity

  1. White

    42,576 degrees awarded

  2. Black or African American

    19,109 degrees awarded

  3. Asian

    6,373 degrees awarded

In 2017 the majority of degrees awarded at institutions in Maryland were to White students. These 42,576 degrees mean that there were 2.23 times more White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 19,109 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Maryland was $324,800 in 2018, which is 1.41 times larger than the national average of $229,700. Between 2017 and 2018 the median property value increased from $312,500 to $324,800, a 3.94% increase. The homeownership rate in Maryland is 66.9%, which is higher than the national average of 63.9%. People in Maryland have an average commute time of 31.6 minutes, and they commute by Drove Alone. Car ownership in Maryland is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$324,800

2018 Median

± $2,183

$312,500

2017 Median

± $2,817

In 2018, the median property value in Maryland grew to to $324,800 from the previous year's value of $312,500.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Maryland compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maryland the largest share of households have a property value in the $300k - $400k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.

$83,242

Median Household Income

± $1,022

2.22M

Number of Households

± 23,651

In 2018, the median household income of the 2.22M households in Maryland grew to $83,242 from the previous year's value of $80,776.

The following chart displays the households in Maryland distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+

Average Range

This chart shows the households in Maryland distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Maryland the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.9%

2018 Homeownership

66.7%

2017 Homeownership

In 2018, 66.9% of the housing units in Maryland were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.7%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 63.9%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Maryland compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

31.6 minutes

Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Maryland have a longer commute time (31.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (25.7 minutes). Additionally, 4.71% of the workforce in Maryland have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Maryland compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Method of Travel

  1. Drove Alone

    74.3%

  2. Carpooled

    8.83%

  3. Public Transit

    7.9%

In 2018, the most common method of travel for workers in Maryland was Drove Alone (74.3%), followed by those who Carpooled (8.83%) and those who Public Transit (7.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars

Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Maryland distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Maryland have 2 cars, followed by 3 cars.

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